Victimization Theory

Victimization Theory

of the theory of victimization, describing its meaning and core concepts as it relates to the nature of crime.

Identify subcategories of the theory and describe each.

Apply the theory to one (1) real life example or scenario. Briefly explain why the theory applies to the example you identified.

Theory of Victimization

Numerous victimization theories exist with each one aiming to explain why particular individuals are victims of crime and why others are not. These theories go further to define a victim of crime as any individual who has suffered loss or injury because of illegal activity. In general, these theories argue that for crime to occur a situation must have instigated it, or the victim must have contributed to his/her victimization (Fisher et al., 2000).

Victimization theory is divided into four subcategories which include routine activity Theory and it states that crime occasions are connected to the natural patterns of repetitive social communication as well as leisure activities family and work. Secondly, there is Victim precipitation theory which states that a victim himself/herself might actively or passively initiate a criminal activity ultimately leading to death or injury. It explains that in passive precipitation, a victim involuntarily displays characteristics and behaviors which encourage an attack. On the other hand, Lifestyle theory purports that a person is mostly targeted because of his lifestyle choice (Hagan, 2012). These lifestyles expose an individual to criminal offenders and areas where crimes get committed. Lastly there is deviant place theory which states that when a person exposes himself to dangerous areas it makes the individual perspective to being a crime victim. In this case, a target does not impact crime by enthusiastically or inactively encouraging it but relatively being abused as an effect of being in areas which are bad (Meadows, 2001).

A real life example of victimization theory is where two girls were raped while on their way to school. After investigations by the law enforcement officers, it was discovered that the victims stay alone in a house where drug cartels do their business in the neighborhood. I think that this example explains deviant place theory where these girls live in a high risk area and therefore more likely to be attacked by criminals.


Fisher,B. S., Cullen, F. T., &amp Turner, M. G. (2000). The SexualVictimization of College Women. Research Report.

Hagan,F. E. (2012). Introduction to criminology: Theories, methods, andcriminal behavior. Sage Publications.

Meadows,R. J. (2001). Understanding violence and victimization