Theterm offender has various legal strings attached to it, all aiming toseparate the various criminal participants and align them to facejustice with regard to the provisions of the law. An offender is anyindividual who faces charges, or conviction of any criminal offense.The term offender does not offer any age limits in its classificationand definition hence, even the youth and juvenile criminals qualifyas law offenders. The term may also include an accused defendant in aspecific criminal case. The offenders commit crimes and areimplicated in the engagement of various acts classified as crimes.For the offender to commit a crime, they have to engage in specificacts that are in themselves a violation of the law. Theclassification of the types of offenders revolves on the variousprofiling of the criminals to come up with a basis for the reason ofcommitting the felony. Though the criminal profiling is sometimesbias in stereotypes, it greatly aids to create a portrait of theattributes of the offender and help the justice departments to comeup with appropriate detention strategies. The justice departmentsthen use the various evidence and profiles created regarding theoffenders to classify the offenders in groups that will face varioustypes of sentences.
Thevarious types of offenders include the mentally disordered offenders,the women prisoners, the life-sentenced prisoners, young adultoffenders, and even the foreign national prisoners (Typesof Offender).More so, the type of offender arises after the court determines theseriousness of the crime, therefore imposing an appropriate sentenceto the various types of criminal offenders. The life sentencedprisoners stay in prison for the rest of their lives once the judgessend them to serve their time. The seriousness of their crimes forcesthe courts to send them to the prisons for the rest of their lives todecrease the risk they pose to the safety of the public (Typesof Offender).
Additionally,the courts may classify an offender as mentally ill. These offendersare restricted patients who commit crime out of their inability tomake clear decisions attributed to their destroyed mental state. Thementally disordered offenders are specifically under the control ofthe justice systems due to the huge risk they pose to public safety.The women offenders are the feminine criminal participants. Thecourts sentence them to specific terms in prisons, but they segregatethem from the male prisons and jail them in female prisons set asidefor such offenders. The women offenders serve in the jails thatsometimes provide services for the offenders to live with their youngchildren while serving time. Young adult women are the offenderswithin the 18 to 21 age bracket. Their risk assessment by the courtsdetermines their involvement in the prison matters and engagementwith the other prisoners. Foreign national prisoners are theoffenders committing felonies in other countries that are not theirhome countries. Young people, commonly termed as juvenile offendersare those under the age of eighteen years. The young offenders remainunder special custody under the court’s watch, awaiting them toattain the full age and send them to the various prisons where theywill serve their time in accordance to the crimes committed. Thejuvenile offenders may then have a classification as male or femaleand sent to the various holding sections as they wait to face thecourts and answer for their crimes.
"TypesOf Offender". Justice.gov.uk.N.p., 2016. Web. 22 July 2016.