TryingViolent Juvenile in Adult System
TryingViolent Juvenile in the Adult System
Violentyouths should be tried in the adult system. Johnson and Kurlycheck(2012) posit that the state officials and criminal justice expertsquestioned the effectiveness of the juvenile court system in tryingyoung offenders. It was as a result of the rise in violent crimes,homicides and increased recidivism rate among young offenders.Despite the arguments raised to oppose the proposal, there is asignificant need to revise the juvenile trials based on the crimes.Lawsgoverning the trial of juvenile crimes should be modified toaccommodate the changes in the society.
Whyviolent juvenile should be tried in adult courts
Violentactions deserve uniform punishment regardless of age. Violent youthshave motives as to why they commit the crimes, even where the groundscannot be determined, there is always a causal contributor to theoffence. They are aware of the crime they commit. Because of thesame, they should be tried in the adult system since they haveknowledge of their criminal activities. Therefore, decision tosubject them to trial through the adult system will serve as adeterrent factor for young offenders to engage in crime.
Additionally,children in the current generation are sophisticated at a youngerage they recognise the repercussions of violence and how to useviolent weapons. It is bizarre to argue that a modern child whowitnesses and is exposed to the effect of ferocity around him in thenews and other forms of media every day doesn’t understand whatkilling is. Thus children who have committed these vicious crimeswould know the harsh adult trial.
Also,the shift in trying violent juvenile offenders as adults willeliminate carelessness among young people. They are aware of thejudicial system and their rights some tend to take advantage of theleniency the laws provides for them. Trial as an adult would instilfear and responsibility, and they would avoid that at all costs. Itequips them with the wits to make the right choices as a result offear for the adult court. Also, the change would apply to casesconsidered violent on teenagers who are old enough to understand, notto very young offenders (Bonnie et al., 2013).
However,the juvenile courts have a strong tendency only to concentrate on theage of the offender rather than the nature and reason of thecommitted crime. The determinant of punishment, therefore, ends updeviating resulting justice in unfairly served. Courts offer remorsefor offenders for being young am miss to serve justice accordingly.The advocates for juvenile courts have from time to time argued thatadult trying is inappropriate for young kids because of theirmentality as young and immature. However, maturity and mental abilitybegin much earlier. Teenagers have control of their thoughts andactions and besides a lot of cases have proven this claim, where themajority of teenage offenders were in full control over their actionsas they committed crimes. Therefore, such information should be usedto determine the maxim used to try the very violent crimes byjuveniles (James et al., 2013).
Furthermore,the law offers the right to trial by jury. However, juvenile courtsdo not have a jury thus some cases offenders are not given propertrials. The minor offenders also have the right to being heard andtried by a jury. Instead, the juvenile court judges make all thedecisions and in some situations with the help of a team of mediatorsfor children. Allowing juvenile to be tried as adults is as wellrendering a chance to have a trial by jury.
Consof juvenile trial as adults
Thetrial of youth as adults has its share of drawbacks not all thecases result in a proper reduction of crimes by juveniles, sometimesthe kids end up being more criminal. The biggest problem associatedwith juvenile being tried as an adult sentencing them to adultcorrectional facilities. The experience in those facilities is whatgives rise to these effects on the children. The young offenders getused to the idea of them being convicts and lose hope for a betterfuture. The record they get, the criminal case file in the adultsystem hinders some opportunities they might pursue in future aswell. The adult system also lacks the variety of punishment they canimpose on offenders as compared to juvenile courts, and confinementis usually the common one.
Inconclusion, an example of a juvenile offence is a case where twoWisconsin girls aged twelve years stabbed their classmates 19 timesaccording to Snyder (2006). In Wisconsin, the law states that anyjuvenile over ten years charged with homicide or attempted homicidewill be tried as an adult automatically. In such a chance the gravityof the crime necessitates an adult trial, and justice is more likelybeing served by an adult court as opposed to a juvenile court. Suchcases show why some crimes by minors require adult trials.
Bonnie,R. J., Johnson, R. L., Chemers, B. M., & Schuck, J. (Eds.).(2013).Reformingjuvenile justice: A developmental approach.National Academies Press.
James,C., Stams, G. J. J., Asscher, J. J., De Roo, A. K., & van derLaan, P. H. (2013). Aftercare programs for reducing recidivism amongjuvenile and young adult offenders: A meta-analytic review. ClinicalPsychology Review, 33(2),263-274.
Johnson,B. D., & Kurlychek, M. C. (2012). Transferred juveniles in theera of sentencing guidelines: Examining judicial departures forjuvenile offenders in adult criminal court. Criminology, 50(2),525-564.
Snyder,H. N., & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile offenders and victims:2006 national report. Officeof juvenile justice and delinquency prevention.