Truth-Seeking

TRUTH-SEEKING 6

Coursename and number

Coursedate

AnnotatedBibliography

Haidt,J. (2007). The new synthesis in moral psychology. Science,316(5827),998-1002.

Accordingto the article, human beings in the modern society appear selfish dueto influence by moral facets values and norms. In trying to exploremoral psychology, the author examined ethical and cultural variables.He observes that there exist contradictions in seeking moralprinciples and social factors. The findings portray an unusualpicture where human beings adopt socially functional attributes asopposed truth-seeking. According to the article, the evolution ofvirtuous minds alongside cultural practices has led to the creationof diverse moral societies. The author recommends future research toinclude religious components in addressing the matter. He concludesby saying that morality goes beyond harm and fairness in people’sactions and thoughts.

Mendeloff,D. (2004). Truth‐seeking,truth‐telling,and postconflict peacebuilding: Curb the enthusiasm? 1. InternationalStudies Review,6(3),355-380.

Thearticle explores the significance of truth-seeking and truth-tellingin promoting peace and resolving conflicts in war-torn regions. Theauthor used two approaches to help in generating credible informationto inform the study. To begin with, the author considered the linkbetween truth-telling and conflict resolution. The two variablescontributed to ascertaining whether a conflict has any relationshipwith lying. The author later explored the hypothesis systematicallyusing practical and theoretical assumptions. Truth-telling advocatesstress the importance and power speaking the truth. Nonetheless, theauthor argues that truth-telling cannot deter the reoccurrence ofconflicts. The article recommends the evaluation of other factorsthat are necessary for formulating peace building strategies.War-torn regions require truthful information to assist in gettingthe root causes of conflicts.

Rosenbaum,S. M., Billinger, S., &amp Stieglitz, N. (2014). Let’s be honest:A review of experimental evidence of honesty and truth-telling.Journalof Economic Psychology,45,181-196.

Accordingto the article, honesty towards strangers is an important virtue inany setting. The authors assert that truth-telling and honestyinfluence outcomes in many socio-economic spheres. In experiments,the article considers the importance of honesty to help in theattainment of positive outcomes. The authors reviewed 63psychological and economic experiments to ascertain the level andimplications of honesty in research. The findings reflect a glaringpicture of unconditional cheaters and cheaters. Moreover, the authorsfound out that honest individuals are skeptical of repercussionssince they fear being monitored by people and institutions.

SwannJr, W. B., Pelham, B. W., &amp Krull, D. S. (1989). Agreeable fancyor disagreeable truth? Reconciling self-enhancement andself-verification. Journalof personality and social psychology,57(5),782.

Thearticle discusses approaches to help in the creation of a balancebetween self-enhancement and self-verification. The authors usedthree case studies where respondents were requested to give reasonswhy people seek positive feedback and verification. The enhancementtheory was utilized to help in explaining the common trend onself-enhancement and self-verification. The findings portray ascenario where human beings adore favorable perception as opposed totruth. Negative views lead people into finding unfavorable feedbacks.In concluding remarks, the authors note that self-enhancement andverification are primarily driven by positivity, but not esteem ornature of a person. In their concluding remarks, the authors assertthat truth-seeking is essential in the attainment of moral andethical expectations.

Weiskopf,R., &amp Willmott, H. (2013). Ethics as critical practice: The“Pentagon Papers”, deciding responsibly, truth-telling, and theunsettling of organizational morality. OrganizationStudies,34(4),469-493.

Thearticle seeks to emphasize the importance of truth-telling andmorality at individual and organizational level. According to theauthors, the creation of moral organization demands people to engagein initiatives that are responsible and truthful. The authors used acase study on the ‘Pentagon Papers’ to help the readers inunderstanding the significance of ethical practices. The articleutilizes philosophical ideas from notable scholars namely Derrida andFoucault. The findings reflect the importance of adopting ethicalbehaviors at individual and organizational level. Devoid of ethicalvalues, the authors note that people are likely to experiencenegative consequences such pitiable reputation. In the concludingremarks, the article alleges that every individual has a duty to seekand tell truth as well as engage in responsible behaviors.

Truthand honesty are important virtues in human life. Their significancein enabling positive co-existence and outcomes cannot beunderestimated. All along, people continue to search for the truthabout life but often fall into telling lies. Truth-seeking depictsits significance in human life. People and organizations makedecisions out of truthful and credible information. Besides thereligious requirement, it is appropriate for human beings to considertelling the truth, and act in ethical and morally manner. Over time,philosophers have commented on the relationship between truth-seekingand ethics. It is notable that human beings co-exist on honesty andtruth, which influence their decisions. Non-adherence to truth hasnegative effects on individuals and organizations. Some of theimpacts include conflicts, negative outcomes, biased experimentalresults, and inaccurate decisions.

ThesisStatement:Truth-seekingstarts with the adoption of desirable moral and ethical values atindividual and organizational level.

Summary

Truth-seekingis not easy bearing in mind the challenges and divergent interestsamong people. It all starts with the adoption of moral and ethicalbehavior and thoughts. Believing in self and importance of truthinfluences our decisions. In fact, truth-seeking and truth-tellinghave the capacity to reduce conflicts and compliance to societalrules.Policiesdeveloped in our social system are crucial in compelling people toadopt ethical actions. Ethics are examined in the context of theconsequences of an individual`s actions. Rules and laws are crucialin shaping our values and deeds. We cannot also ignore thecontribution of good will towards shaping our morals and ethicaldeeds. The only major difficulty in harmonizing personal expectationsis due to differences in interests and attributes among thephilosophers as well as their perspective in research. Besides theindividuals, organizations need to seek truth to help in makingappropriate decisions that improve humanity.