The Reconstruction Period

TheReconstruction Period

Reconstructiondenotes the era following the Civil War that involved rebuilding theUnited States. Though the period had some negative impacts, it was asuccess. Some of the negative aspects include rising poverty levelsespecially in the South where industrialization was slow, corruptionheightened, taxes were elevated, and black codes that limited thefreedom of blacks. However, the period is regarded a success due tothe positives entailed.

Onemajor success was the reunification of the Union. Under PresidentLincoln, the confederacy was destroyed, and all the states that hadseparated were readmitted into the Union. Therefore, thereconstruction era brought what is now known as the United States.Slavery was also outlawed via the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendmentsthat looked to protect the rights of all Americans. Legislation suchas the Civil Rights Act and the Freedman’s Bureau ensured AfricanAmericans were afforded equal opportunities within the economy,society, and government.

Theeducation levels were also heightened during this time. It wasguaranteed to everyone as well as enforced on the Southerners. TheNorth and South economies were also improved during this era. Offerswere made to enhance partnerships between the two sides to ensureuniform industrialization. The Enforcement Act of 1870 producedpositive results that contributed to the success of this period. ThisAct proscribed the utilization of bribery, force, or terror torestrict citizens from exercising their voting rights due to theirrace. It gave the slaves freedom through reinforcement of the 13thAmendment. The 1877 Compromise yielded positive outcomes. It allowedthe south autonomy to rebuild their infrastructures. In general, theperiod was a success owing to the positives it yielded. Apart fromsettling the states’ federalism vs. rights debate, it unified allthe states under one nation.