TheProcess of Electing a President in the US
Thepresidential election in the United States of America (USA) is abasic process that is stipulated in the country’s Constitution(Sterling, 4). Since 1872, the nation’s presidents have beenelected from either the Republican or the Democratic Party, which arethe two major parties. Prior to the election date, parties’candidates move around the country making speeches, pay for TVcoverage, host conventions to be elected to represent theirrespective parties on the ballot. Each party carries out this processindependently from one state to another. The winning candidate, foreach party, chooses his own vice president. The next step from hereis the one-on-one campaigns and debates. Opinion polls, also, formpart and parcel of the presidential elections.
TheElection Day is usually the first Tuesday after the first Monday ofNovember, which occurs after a four-year period (Sterling, 10). Thereis the popular poll and the electoral vote in which the winner takesall votes within the states, apart from Maine and Nebraska that havea total of four and five electoral votes respectively (Sterling, 17).The states of Maine and Nebraska work under different rules when itcomes to winning their electoral votes during the Election Day. Inthe 2 and the 3 congressional districts in Maine and Nebraskarespectively, the awarding of the electoral votes is on a “winnertake it all” basis while the remaining two electoral votes in eachof “these states only” are centered on the general state vote ofwinner-take-all.
Thepopular vote in the nation controls the electoral votes but it is thecalculation of the "electoralvote”, whichmust add up to 50 plus one for one to win the presidential election(Sterling, 21). The electoral vote officially elects the presidenthence, it possible for popular vote winner to lose the presidency bylosing the electoral vote.
Fromthe discussion, the presidency election process in the USA has beenclearly addressed. The process is a cycle in that after the presidentis elected the parties get back to the drawing board in preparationfor the next election.
Sterling,Joanna. "System Justification, and Candidate Evaluations in theU.S. Presidential Election." PlosONE11.3(2016): 1-21. AcademicSearch Premier.Print. 26 July 2016.