The Ku Klux Klan Unit

KU KLUX KLAN

TheKu Klux Klan

Unit

AnnotatedBibliography

Graham., R.(2016).Inter-ideological mingling: White extremist ideology enteringthe

mainstream on Twitter. Sociological Spectrum: Mid-SouthSociological Association 36(1): 24-36.

In this article, Graham shows the growing interconnectedness betweenwhite extremist ideology led by the KKK and contemporary politicalideology on Twitter. The study samples 4800 tweets and investigatehow the growth of white extremism online predicts actual growthrace-based violence in real life. Further, the study assumes that theconvergence of politics and white extremism in cyberspace predictsthe potential coexistence of extremists with ordinary folks. This isnoted as a survival tactic that should have law enforcers and thepublic concerned. From the findings, the author concludes thatextremists are not isolated from society but have devised new ways toconnect and relate with others undetected.

Giorgio, G. (2016).Whitewashing the past: A KKK display in a small rural Midwesterntown.

QualitativeInquiry. doi:10.1177/1077800416629697.

This paper is a critical review of the book States of denialby Stanley Cohen. The article expounds on whitewashing the past as amainstay of the book. Ideally, whitewashing is presented as thedeliberate choice to ignore the atrocities committed by the KKK in asmall rural mid-western town. The paper thus calls for the need torevisit the crimes of the KKK as a way of addressing race matters inthe country and as a way of restoring the dignity of the black peoplewho have been the main victims of the group’s activities. Thereview concludes that failure to acknowledge the KKK’s atrocitiescommitted by the group works towards maintaining a caste system thatdisadvantages the black people.

Jenkins, W.(2016).The Ku Klux Klan in Western Pennsylvania, 1921-1928 byJohn Craig

(review).OhioValley History. 16(1): 91-93.

Similar to Giorgio (2016), the article is also a review on a book onthe KKK. It reviews John Craig’s book, The Ku Klux Klan inWestern Pennsylvania, 1921-1928. The review summarizes the bookto present a concise history of the KKK, its origins, and itsmembership prior to 1928. The author observes that the group wasstarted as a fraternal entity with the agenda of protecting themembers from onslaught by Catholics and Jews. The article alsosummarizes the group’s slight changes in its agendas according toits leadership over the years. All the changes are well captured bydocumented activities. As such, the article is useful to the study ofKKK as it traces the group’s footsteps over time.

Schimtz, R. (2016).Intersections of hate: Exploring the transecting dimensions of race,religion,

gender, and familyin Ku Klux Klan Web sites. Sociological Focus 49(3): 200-214.

The article discusses the activities of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) in thecyberspace. The author seeks to assess the manner in which the grouphas employed the internet to achieve its agenda. To do so, theresearcher samples several websites affiliated to the group, whichhas already made its social and political agenda known via othermeans, to asses how they have contributed to its growth. Key themesand messages covered on these websites are examined. Again, varioussub-groups within the KKK and their motives are examined. The authorthus concludes that the group has mastered the use of the internet inspreading its message and membership, which increases its threat as aterrorist organization.

Songer, A. (2016). Questioning Community in the Ku Klux Klan.Discussions 12(1): 1-11.

The articleexplores the origins of the KKK as a once harmless chivalry andpatriotism group, as per the group’s own description. The articlenotes the obvious disparity between how the group identifies itselfand how Americans and other people describe and perceive the group.The author traces the group’s activities and how they have mappedthe change in its agenda and beliefs of its members who arepredominantly white. The group provides ample description of thegroups violence activities over the years. The author concludes thatanonymity and misleading identity covers allows the group to thriveand carry out its activities.