CROSS-SECTIONAL EVALUATION OF THE LIVER 3
TheImportance of Cross Sectional Evaluation of the Liver
Makingan anatomical cross-section of the liver involves bisecting throughits axis, and studying the newly formed cut faces to gather in-depthand fine details. Therefore, a cross-section makes it possible tostudy the liver in three-dimension. This offers more information tomedical students, and most importantly helps in detecting anddiagnosing liver injuries or diseases that are hard to detect intwo-dimensional (Luersen, Bhosale & Szklaruk, 2015).Cross-sectional evaluation of the liver is of paramount importancebecause, it does not only detect injury, but also other liverdiseases that are hard to noticein their early stages (Paulson, 2001).The improvement of equipments and techniques has allowed exceptionalimaging and evaluation of the liver, enabling early detection andbetter management of complex diseases associated with the organ.
Anatomicaldifferences may eliminate some patients from certain curativeoptions, and this might be the main cause of morbidity or mortalityafter surgery or interventional processes (Paulson,2001). Many complex liver conditions such as steatosis, fibrosis andcancer can be diagnosed and quantified through anatomical evaluation.Usually, these conditions have no symptoms till the last stages.Therefore, anatomical imaging plays a significant role in detectingthem early for treatment and improved patient management.Additionally, cross-sectional imaging can quantify the total andpartial liver volumes and estimate the future cancerous residue aftersurgery (Luersen,Bhosale & Szklaruk, 2015). Such information is helpful inselecting patients for further specialized treatment, such aschemotherapy to reduce post-operative complications. Paulson (2001)points out that with the improved technology, it is now possible fora cross-sectional anatomy to provide important segmental informationabout the liver parenchyma.
LuersenG., Bhosale P., & Szklaruk J. (2015). State-of-the-artcross-sectional liver imaging: beyond lesion detection andcharacterization.Journalof Hepatocellular CarcinomaVol2: 101—117
Paulson,E. K. (2001). Evaluation of the liver for metastatic disease. InSeminarsin liver disease(Vol. 21, No. 02, pp. 225-236). Copyright© 2001 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.