The Cold War and How It Restructured Ideas of American Freedom

TheCold War and How It Restructured Ideas of American Freedom

TheCold War and How It Restructured Ideas of American Freedom

The Cold War was an ideological battle in which the USA clamored fordemocracy and freedom while the Soviet Union desired totalitarianism.Foner (2011a) asserts that the war was a struggle between communismand democracy in which specific aspects of the society were elevatedto fundamental roles in the concept of freedom predominantly freeenterprise. After the Second World War, Americans desire for personalcontrol of life, the right to affiliation, and national securitybecame greatly pegged on the world’s stability. As such, thecountry developed a concept in which people perceived instability asa threat to their freedom. Concepts such as democracy, individualism,and free enterprise were seen as great contributors of freedom. Thus,the struggle between communism and free enterprise or freedom andtotalitarianism allowed state bodies such as the CIA to becomepatrons of the Cold War.

Just as the confrontation with absolutism and fascist ways of Nazishaped the comprehension of freedom, the Cold War reformed theunderstandings once again. The fear of probable enemies within theboundaries of USA created a threat to civil liberties. The CIA playeda great role in counter-espionage by identifying the potentialenemies as a way of ridding off Communism. It resorted to trials andcharges on people who were deemed as enemies of democracy, forexample, the McCarthy trials, which threatened people’s privacy.People became fearful and distrustful due to violations of theirprivacy and right to affiliation and the development of Communism(Foner, 2011b). However, with the end of the Cold War, they sawfreedom as a critical aspect of international stability. This meansthat with the end of Cold War, free enterprise or capitalism becamethe fundamental notion of international agenda in political andeconomic matters. Thus, freedom developed to play a critical role ininternational affairs.

References

Foner, E. (2011a). Eric Foner on the Cold War, pt 1: Effects onAmerican freedom. Retrieved July 23, 2016, fromhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Qh78M09s4A

Foner, E. (2011b). Eric Foner on the Cold War, pt 2: McCarthyism.Retrieved July 23, 2016, fromhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Qh78M09s4A