Everyindividual is said to possess a set of unique preferences thatprofoundly influence his/her mode of behavior towards particularsituations. These preferences are developed as a result of one`sperception of the world. Perception involves the manner of becomingaware of other people, things, and different actions. TheMyers-Briggs Indicator personality inventory is a self-developedquestionnaire that focuses on an individual’s preferences toexplain the personality type of the person. The MBTI assumes thateach person has specific preferences that develop his experience.Similarly, these preferences can be used to assess the personality ofan individual in regards to interests, needs, values, and motivation.
Asproposed by Carl Jung, the theory insinuates that there are fourpsychological functions through which individuals experience behavior(Schwartz, 2013). These features include sensation, intuition,feeling and thinking, which are used to evaluate how an individualundertakes a decision thereby assessing personality. However, thetheory argues that out of the four functions, one is usually dominantin the case of every individual. Therefore, one would suggest thatthis feature influences the mode of behavior portrayed by differentindividuals. In this case, my personal evaluation proved that Iretained the personality type of SEFP. In the MBTI dichotomies, thefour letters represent Sensing, Extraversion, Feeling, andPerception. It is important to note that the degree of preferencedifference is not taken into account but rather, the amount ofpreference evaluated is used to classify different individuals intotheir personality type group. This implies that irrespective of thepreference level an individual shows, the clarity is used to give theperson preference function.
TheBig Five personality traits of the five-factor model focus onevaluating character based on the recognized behavioural languages.Unlike the MBTI, the model does not rely on practicality andexperiments to describe the personality of an individual. Instead, ituses an instrument (factor analysis) to classify the mode of behaviorexpressed. The Big Five personality traits consist of five elementsnamely, openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion,agreeableness and neuroticism (Schwartz, 2013). Each factor under thebig five personality traits is said to include other forms of primarybehavior. For instance, Extraversion is correlated with other typesof behavior, such as excitement seeking, assertiveness, and positiveemotions.
Thebig five personality traits were developed as a result of improvingthe relationship between personality and learned behavior. The modelperforms a deep analysis of the individual’s behavior using thefive factors as a reference. Following a discussion of each factor,researchers have been able to describe the personality of anindividual, by differentiating the mode of behavior the personexpresses. In order to learn about my personality, I enquired fromdifferent people about their perception of my behavior andpersonality according to their knowledge of the matter. Besides, Ivisited a psychologist to inquire and learn about my personality. Thepsychodynamic psychologist described my unconscious motivations to berelatively high, and well distinct defensive mechanism due to thehigh preference of Extraversion. A non-Freudian psychologist woulddescribe my personality as a sensor, an extrovert, and individual whopursues feelings and behaviors concerning established perceptionrather than judgment. A humanistic psychologist would view mycharacter as a person with high levels of esteem and open minded. Mypersonality would mainly focus on individual characteristics such asbeing self-focused and elevated levels of self-perception.
Schwartz, E. J. (2013). Personality, gender and age. Tobias: University of Warwick, United Kingdom.