SYRIAN CRISIS AND MIGRATION 5
Since time immemorial mankind has fought each other in civil andterritorial wars to attain or expand power. In most instances, thewars lead to population and humanitarian crisis. The political crisisin Syria in the beginning of 2011 brought a lot of problems to theinhabitants creating one of the biggest refugee predicaments inhistory. There was mass exodus of people into the neighboring Asianand European countries. There was widening socio-economic, politicaland environmental effects on the respective countries receiving theserefugees. According to the articlepublished in the Migration Letters journal, on August 2015,regional impacts of the Syrian crisis were overwhelming (Yazgan, Utku& Sirkeci, 2015). There was increased displacement and negativehumanitarian consequences based on the increasing tensions in thecountry which translated to more immigrants into neighboringcountries.
Questions on the future of Syria following democratic unrests thatswept across most of the Arab countries and the rise of the extremistISIS group are still waiting sustainable answers. The Syrian crisisshook the European Union’s foreign policy touching on migration andasylum provisions (Yazgan et al 2015). Countries like Greece createdwalls and fences to reduce the number of immigrants. Other countrieslike UK, Germany and France increased restrictions on cross-borderimmigrations in an attempt to categorize these immigrants as refugeesor economic immigrants (Yazgan et al 2015).
Economic aspect of such immigration was considered in literaturebecause of the historical migration of Arabs from Syria to Lebanon,Europe and USA for employment and trade (Yazgan et al 2015). This isnot the way forward in handling refugee crisis. European countriesneed to be accommodative of new immigrants from Syria because peoplewill always migrate from areas where they feel insecure. Managingsuch refugee immigration should not be a factor of border closure buta factor of transnational peace (Bardakci, 2015).
In the wake of 2015 the number of refugees trying to reach Europeancountries through unorthodox routes had increased immensely. Deathtolls of many Syrians had increased too especially across the Greekand Turkish shores (Yazgan et al 2015). Based on the fact that theSyrian crisis won’t come to a stop any time soon, there is a needto come up with ways to support the countries welcoming refugees tocater for the expected effects. The truth is Syria has been havingmultifaceted problems ranging from unemployment, suppression ofminority groups and income inequality to oppression of opposition.This means the tensions in the country will take longer than expectedespecially with the rise of ISIS.
There has been many conflicts and effects of Syrian refugees in thenative countries they were housed. For instance, there were manyconflicts between native Turks and refugees. Turkey had accommodatedat least 2 million refugees by 2014. The UNHCR reported a total of 6million refugees living abroad and neighboring countries by August2015 (Yazgan et al 2015). There were about 2.5 million refugeesliving in Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon by this time. The environmental,physical and socio-economic impact of such a high number of refugeesis unimaginable.
There was increased financial burden in terms of food, shelter,education and security and other social infrastructures to hostrefugees especially for less developed countries like Turkey, Jordan,Lebanon and Greece (Lozi, 2013). Jordan alone spent about US$215million to cater for education of Syrian students in refugee camps in2015 (Lozi, 2013). These countries advocated for internationalcooperation to sustain such expenses. There was increasedenvironmental degradation around the refugee camps with destructionof ecosystem such as trees, grass and land.
Many water resources were overwhelmed. In Lebanon, the problem ofsolid waste disposal ensued with threats of communicable diseases(Berti, 2015). The disposal of these wastes in water bodies posed aproblem to water life and other users of the water. There were labormarket problems with many refuges flocking to compete for the fewavailable jobs with the locals (Berti, 2015). The internationalcommunity and the non-governmental organizations like Amnestyinternational, UNHCR, International Relief and Development andInternational Crisis Group need to be in the forefront in findingremedies for the effects of this crisis. Thank you.
Berti, B. (2015). The Syrian refugee crisis: Regional and humansecurity implications. Strategic Assessment, 17 (4), 41-53
Lozi, B. M. (2013). The Effect of Refugees on Host Country EconomyEvidence from Jordan. Interdisciplinary Journal of ContemporaryResearch in Business, 5 (3), 114
Yazgan, P., Utku, D. E., & Sirkeci, I. (2015). Syrian crisis andmigration. Migration Letters, 12 (3), 181-192