STUDY OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE AND GLOBAL WARMING Class

Global Warming and Climate Change 3

STUDYOF THE CLIMATE CHANGE AND GLOBAL WARMING

Class

Cityand State

Abstract

Currently,the greatest worry among the environmentalists and the UN is the hugeconcern regarding the present rising levels of the earth’stemperatures. Among their top concern is the continued effects ofgreenhouse gases to the atmosphere that continually contribute to theglobal warming of the earth. More so, the increased and exploitativeusage of the fossil fuels in the modern industries contributes to theincrease in the global temperatures. The reason of the worries is thefact that the over-accumulation of the carbon IV oxide in theatmosphere continually deteriorates the climatic balance of theearth. Additionally, the top reasons causing the worries of theglobal warming effects on the Earth arise from the provision that thefactors leading to the global warming and causing the upsettingclimatic changes are synthetic and human beings contribute a hugerole to the destruction of the atmosphere. The following write-upaims to focus on the various contributing factors of the climatechange and those causing global warming. More so, the paper willaddress the challenges and benefits that would arise if theconventional energy producers would consider seeking greener orrenewable sources for their energy, with a particular focus on oiland petroleum companies. In addition, the paper will have specificinstructions for adaptable processes that various governments,institutions, and corporations to adopt and help in the overallcampaign for environmental protection to reduce the detrimentaleffects of the climate change and global warming.

Causesof Climate Change and Global Warming and Issues Connected to theGlobal Warming and Climate Change

Theleading cause of the climate changes and the global warming is theincreased and uncontrolled presence of greenhouse gases in theatmosphere (Klein, 2015). The greenhouse gases end up in theatmosphere through some ways. The leading contributor of thegreenhouse gases to the atmosphere is the burning of the fossilfuels, by deforestation, and through increased environmental warmth(Klein, 2015). Combustion of fossil fuels- oil and petroleum andother carbon-related fuels are the most common source of energy forvarious applications in the 21st Century. The burning of the fossilfuels for energy releases carbon, which then combines with theatmospheric oxygen to create carbon IV oxide. The high levels ofcarbon IV oxide in the environment keep on increasing on a dailybasis since a huge population of the earth uses the carbon fuels toproduce energy to power their cars, for domestic purposes, for thevarious industrial uses. Apart from the carbon IV oxide being thelead contributor of the greenhouse gases, other gases such as methanereleased from agricultural practices and landfills, nitrous oxidefrom the various farming fertilizers, the gases from refrigerationand the different industrial applications also contribute to theformation of the greenhouse effect to the higher atmosphere (MATHEZ,2009).

Thegreenhouse gases play a huge role in the climate change andcontribute heavily to the global warming. When the greenhouse gasesaccumulate in the atmosphere, they absorb the radiation, preventingand slowing the loss of heat to space. Hence, the greenhouse gasesact as a blanket to the earth, resulting to the earth to being warmerthan it would otherwise be, hence the remarkable greenhouse effect(MATHEZ, 2009). The continuous release of the greenhouse gasesincrease the greenhouse effect of the earth and causes temperaturesof the land to rise gradually hence the term global warming. Thescientists worry that the increase in the carbon IV oxide and otherleading greenhouse gases in the past decade has been rampantfollowing the growing usage of the fossil fuel across the globe. Theincreased effects of the greenhouse gases have shifted the knownclimatic patterns of the past, to create the new extreme climaticconditions of the earth. The new climatic conditions place the liveson the planet at risk since the climate extremities create harshweather patterns that make it hard for living organisms to survivenaturally within their habitats. The changing climatic conditionstend to create extremities such as the continuous melting of ice fromvarious regions, long and unpredictable periods of drought, heavy anddestructive rainfalls, catastrophic sandstorms, all attributed to theeffects of the changes in climate change. Additionally, naturallyoccurring creatures face extinction since the changing climate makesit harsh for their survival.

Thereis the global awareness campaign that aims to address the activitiesof man to help reduce the detrimental effects of climate change andthe levels of global warming. The UN and the leading nations thatfight for environmental protection for the benefit of survival of theliving organisms on earth should place a top priority on certainfactors that would help mitigate the devastating effects of theglobal warming and the adverse changes in the climate. Their goalsshould be to lower and control the global warming through curtailingthe release of the carbon IV oxide in the atmosphere and reduce thetrapping effect of the other contributing greenhouse gases that findtheir way to the atmosphere. The processes upon which the UN and theother environmental bodies can help us to mitigate the global warmingand climate change include campaigning and advocating for efficientmanipulation of available energy sources to have as low emissions aspossible (GOLDMAN, 2013). Additionally, advocating for alternativeenergy sources apart from the conventional sources should be amongthe methods to mitigate the effects of the global warming and climatechange.

TheShift from Fossil Fuels to Renewable Energy the Benefits andChallenges of the Oil and Petroleum Companies

Ina directive to reduce the levels of emissions from the fossil fuels,there is great advocacy for the fossil fuel companies to considerventuring to other processes that provide green energy. The solutionto such venture is the introduction of renewable energies as themainstream sources of energy for the daily uses in the modern world.The renewable sources of energy provide clean energy and almost zeroemissions in their utilization (POSNER, 2010). More so, the renewableenergy sources are by themselves sustainable by the fact that thesources are infinite. The renewable energy can help the fossil fuelfirms to reduce their dependency on the oil and gas deposits thatnear depletion in the current future. More so, the renewable energysources such as wind, solar, moving water, and heat within Earth haveeconomic benefits when utilized. The cost of using solar energy ismuch cheaper when compared to the cost of utilization of the fossilfuels. It translates to that the fossil fuels especially oil willhave stable prices hence, lowering the instability of the oil pricesin the current world markets. The cost effectiveness of theutilization of the renewable energy sources will push big business toallocate some energy operations to the renewable sources, a move thateventually lowers the emissions. However, the fossil fuels will facechallenges while seeking ways to substitute the fossil fuels with therenewable energy. The principal problem is the fact that therenewable energy cannot generate the massive levels of energypreviously produced by the fossil fuels. Consequently, the energyprovision would have to be a balance between the renewable energysources and the fossil fuels energy sources. Additionally, thereliability of the renewable energy sources is poor since most of thesources are dependent on the prevailing weather conditions. With theunavailability of direct sunshine, or strong water currents, or highwinds, it might be impossible to generate the energy for the variousapplications. Additionally, the fossil fuel companies in theirefforts to launch to renewable energy might spend massive funds toacquire and install the necessary technology needed to extract energyfrom nature.

Thesustainable development for the oil and gas companies aim to meet theenergy requirements of the world population of oil and gas at areasonable cost, maintaining high safety standards and offeringminimal impact to the environment (ROSENDAHL, 2013). The process ofsustainable development for the fossil fuels tends to get cumbersomeas most of the oil reserves are depleted annually (Kang, 2015). Moreso, the urge to protect the environment is neglected by the huge oilcompanies. Hence, there is a need for the companies to come up withclear solutions that will help protect the environment and provideenough energy until they find alternative sources of providing energyto the world populace. Therefore, the current developments to findalternate energy sources that will sustain the energy needs are notfutile. The efforts address the UN Conference on Human Developmentheld in Stockholm in 1972 that aimed to address the globalenvironment, and the development needs (TORDO, 2011).

PracticalActions the UN Should Take to Mitigate the Effects on the Environment

TheUN should place emphasis among home settings to help them emit tinygreenhouse gases in the daily home applications that require energy.More so, the processes would lower the strain placed on the fossilfuels to provide the energy needed to run the various activities athome. Among them is the emphasis to switch to energy-efficientlighting. Switching to energy-saving lighting systems at homes lowersthe energy bills to nearly 7000 pounds of carbon IV oxide in the airover the lifetime of the bulbs (HOFFMAN, 2015). More so, UN needs tourge companies to manufacture home appliances that areenergy-efficient. The companies need to come up with equipment withenergy ratings that will help customers choose and buy the deviceswith the highest energy rating when acquiring the new appliances fortheir homes (HOFFMAN, 2015). Furthermore, the reduction of the energyspent on the heating and the cooling systems would significantly helpto lower the emissions from such systems. Passive technologiesprovide energy-efficient cooling systems, hence unloading the overallamount of carbon fuel needed to run the conventional cooling systems.

TheUnited Nations in its war to mitigate the effects of the globalwarming and climate change needs to improve and control on thevehicle fuel efficiencies. Fuel-efficient cars are among the bestcars to enforce in the market to lower some carbon gases thatpetroleum-driven vehicles emit on normal occasions (METZ, 2009). Thenew hybrid cars that use gas-electric engines cut down the amount ofcarbon fuels used to power the engines hence, their adoption wouldhelp substantially lower the accumulation of the greenhouse gases inthe atmosphere. The UN should move resources to ensure the petroleumcompanies sell fuel with low-risk emissions to the environment. Suchefforts are present by the elimination of leaded fuel in the market,but to protect the earth from the detrimental global warming andclimate change, the petroleum and oil producers should focus onselling fuels with low carbon fuels. The driving of the machineryusing carbon fuels should be fuel-efficient driving. The UN shouldintroduce mechanisms in the motoring industry to occasionally aid inthe easy maintenance of the machinery. Regular maintenance lowers theinefficiencies of the engines hence, saving on the fuel used (METZ,2009). Nations that encourage less driving and motivate more walkingand cycling are among the leading countries in controlling thegreenhouse gases emanating from the vehicles.

Phasingout the fossil fuel electricity is a significant move to tackle theclimate change (KIRTON, 2015). The reduction of the fossil fuelelectricity should be a move by the UN to eliminate the power systemsthat manipulate coal. Key processes the UN should undertake includenot allowing any construction of coal-burning power factories,starting an organized shutdown of the coal powered companies andcapturing the emissions from the left existing coal plants (KIRTON,2015). Management of agricultural processes and conservation offorests can fight global warming. The reduction of the emissionsaccumulated from the deforestation processes and controlling thefarming and other agricultural chemicals lowers the levels ofaccumulation of the carbon and other greenhouse gases in theatmosphere that create the greenhouse effect (KIRTON, 2015).Additionally, the UN has the mandate and power to launch nations intonuclear power exploration and usage. The nuclear energy has fewgreenhouse gas emissions. However, despite the go-ahead on theefficiency of the nuclear power, the UN should put into considerationthe risks associated with the nuclear energy.

Inconclusion, I firmly believe that the human activities have increasedthe burden of the provision of clean energy for utilization. More so,the apparent lack of clear structures in the past that would regulatethe amount of emissions that companies emitted to the atmospherefacilitated to the current destruction of the global climate. Themassive emissions during the Industrial Revolution were hugelyuncontrolled, and consequently, the structures to control theenvironment were absent. The current levels of global temperatureswill keep on rising since the world is highly dependent on the fossilfuels for the daily energy provisions. The factories and cars stillrun on petroleum products hence, the emission will continue. Howeverif active bodies such as the UN and other environmental conservationsgroups combine efforts and fight to protect the environment, thefuture generation can have lowered levels of emissions. That wouldprotect the environment, and it would provide the earth with cleanersources of energy that are sustainable even for the variousgenerations to come.

References

GOLDMAN,C. R., KUMAGAI, M., &amp ROBARTS, R. D. (2013). ClimaticChange and Global Warming of Inland Waters: Impacts and Mitigationfor Ecosystems and Societies.http://catalogimages.wiley.com/images/db/jimages/9781119968665.jpg.

HOFFMAN,A. J. (2015). Howculture shapes the climate change debate.http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&ampscope=site&ampdb=nlebk&ampdb=nlabk&ampAN=946073.

Kang,S.J. and Park, Y.C. eds., 2015. Theinternational monetary system, energy and sustainable development(Vol. 138). Routledge.

KIRTON,J. J., &amp KOKOTSIS, E. (2015). Theglobal governance of climate change: G7, G20, and UN leadership.

Klein,N., 2015. Thischanges everything: Capitalism vs. the climate.Simon and Schuster.

MATHEZ,E. A., &amp SMERDON, J. E. (2009). Climatechange: the science of global warming and our energy future.New York, Columbia University Press.

METZ,B. (2009). Controllingclimate change.Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

POSNER,E. A., &amp WEISBACH, D. A. (2010). Climatechange justice.Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.

ROSENDAHL,T., &amp HEPSØ, V. (2013). Integratedoperations in the oil and gas industry: sustainability and capabilitydevelopment.Hershey, PA, Business Science Reference.

TORDO,S., TRACY, B. S., &amp ARFAA, N. (2011). Nationaloil companies and value creation.Washington, D.C., World Bank.