Settingand Achieving Goals
Importanceof developing plans in achieving organizational goals
Organizationalgoals are critical to the success of any business. Their developmentof organizational depends on the plans that must be properly laiddown and executed as required. Such plans are, therefore, vital tothe organizational goals in several ways.
First,they will help determine if the set firm’s goals can fit properlyinto the process of performance management (Oracle, 2012). Thestrategic plans explain the goals to be achieved in a particular yearwhereas the tactical plans are concerned on how they should beexecuted. The implementers of the programs will know what is expectedof them and the correct path to follow in the process. If what islaid in the plans is not followed, then the direction followed iswrong, and the target goals of the firm will not be accomplishedwithin the set time.
Secondly,the plans help the management of the businesses to set high goalsthroughout the life of the firm. All the important objectives of thefirm are outlined in the plans and in the case of any omissioncorrections can be done at the initial stages or in the course ofoperation of the business. The management can determine if what theyset is effective and quality to enable the success of the firm. Theworkers will remain disciplined and focused towards attaining the setobjectives at all levels. The needs of the firm will be met in a costefficient way that ensures that the resources of the business are notwasted (Oracle, 2012).
Thirdly,the organizational strategic plans ensure that such goals canaccommodate the changes that are likely to occur in the dynamicbusiness world. The leaders of any firm should use the plan as arequirement for their survival by predicting the possible changes andhow to navigate through them in case they occur. Adverse changes maycause negative turbulences that if not properly managed may lead tobusiness failure (Pirtea, Nicolescu, and Botoc, 2009).
Fourthly,the employees will remain engaged to attain the goals set for them.They work towards achieving the values and vision of the companybecause the aims of the firm are clearly communicated to them fromtheir seniors. The leaders are responsible for communicating thevision and values of the enterprise to the employees to create thesense of direction for them. This is the only way the employees willremain focused on achieving the long-term goals of the company.
Lastly,strategic plans enable the businesses to stay focused and avoid anydrift caused by unnecessary pressure that may occur on any particularday in future. The company sticks to its purpose and directiondespite the pressures caused by to daily tasks, and keeps most of theactivities balanced. The absence of plans will lead to failure of thebusiness in such scenarios since it is hectic to maintain thepressures due to changes in the business environment affecting itnegatively (Pirtea, Nicolescu, and Botoc, 2009).
Tosummarize, organizational plans are imperative to the success of thebusiness and should be properly implemented at all levels ofmanagement. Failure or success of the firm will depend on how theplans are executed in the enterprise.
Thetypes of planning used by organizations
Severalplans are employed in achieving the organizational goals. Among themare the strategic and tactical plans whose functions are distinctfrom one another. First, strategic plans rely on the top managementwho put the mission of the firm and the entire organization first.This means that proper leadership must be put in place. Themanagement use this plans to design the future goals of the firm andthe possible long-term objectives that it must accomplish after aspecified period. The management always sets goals on where theywould like their firm to be in a particular future period. The plansso developed will help the people responsible for executing the plansto ensure that the goals the business should accomplish in a givenyear are attained. The lower management will depend on the plansprovided by their managers as a framework for implementing the goalsof the enterprise. All the levels of management must be activelyinvolved in the implementation of the strategic plans for the aims ofthe firm to be met. The goals may differ from one enterprise toanother depending on the nature of the activities carried out. Somecompanies may require that by the end of a given year, the firmshould have grown to a certain level or the sales will have increasedby a specified percentage or more than that. Likewise, some companiesmay want to improve their productivity and profitability as well as along-term goal through the help of their strategic plan.
Secondly,tactical plans are also necessary for the development oforganizational goals. They ensure that tricky ones are translatedprecisely and put into application in the responsible business units.Competence is highly needed to get the desired results. They ensurethe lower-level departments are accountable and functions in thedesired way to fulfill their goals as per the requirement of the topmanagement. The middle-level managers are entirely involved in theseplans, and their actions will make sense to the success of the goals.These managers should ensure that there is a conducive environmentfor the execution of the goals as per the requirement of thestrategic plans. The tactical plans should rhyme with the strategicones in every step.
Theperiod of executing each plan
Boththe programs explained above are executed at various times. Thestrategic plans are executed when the firm starts its operations inthe given industry of service. The plans should be laid at theinitiation of the activities of a firm to give it the direction wherethe management wants it to be at a future specified date. The topmanagement has the responsibility to ensure that the long-term goalsof the firm are properly laid down to for its success. If wrong plansare developed, the firm will have no target and the chances of itssurvival highly minimized.
Onthe other hand, the tactical plans are set immediately after thestrategic ones. This is because the success of the tactical plansdepends on what is in the strategic outline. The middle-levelmanagers will determine what they should do after they have beenserved with the contents of the strategic plan. They will establishthe correct means in which the long and short-term goals as set inthe strategic plan should be accomplished. In case there’s changeof plans in the strategic outline, the tactical ones will be adjustedaccordingly. In a nutshell, the strategic and tactical plans workhand in hand, and the failure of one of it will negatively affect theother.
Oracle.(2012). GoalSetting: A Fresh Perspective. An Oracle White Paper,Retrieved fromhttp://www.oracle.com/us/media1/goal-setting-fresh-perspective-ee-1679275.pdfon 2 August, 2016
Pirtea,M., Nicolescu, C & Botoc, C. (2009). The Role of StrategicPlanning in Modern Organizations. AnnalesUniversitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, 11(2),Retrieved fromhttp://www.oeconomica.uab.ro/upload/lucrari/1120092/40.pdf on 2August, 2016.