ThoughtFocused Treatment and Psychological/Psychodynamic Approaches
Indeedthere are various inherent differences between the psychoanalytic,psychodynamic and thought-focused treatment of mental dysfunctions.To better understand the distinction between these sets of treatment,it is important to know their real meaning. First, thought-focusedtreatments are those methods that base their principle on theprecepts that cognitions and thoughts are the central tenets ofchange. Cognitive clinicians have the belief that our thoughts depictour emotions which transcend into determining our behavior.Additionally, they have a factual point that through themodifications of ideas and creation of awareness, people cantransform their actions and feelings (Murphy & Dillon, 2011). Onthe other hand, psychological also called mind investigation, allowsthe clinicians to examine the patient`s unconscious and the consciousmind. In this precept, there is a strong belief that the unconsciousmind of a person has a direct influence on the behavioralcharacteristics of a person. Psychodynamic therapy involves theinstinctive examination of the unconscious processes as and when theyare depicted in the present behavior (McCarthy & Archer, 2013).
Anothersignificant difference in these approaches is that psychodynamics andpsychological analysis explores how meditation affects the patient`spast or current behavior. Thought focused treatment, on the otherhand, tend to encourage clients be attentive of their thoughts andtransform their progression of thought in the endeavor to changefuture behavior. From the discussion accentuated in chapter 7 and 8,another salient difference is that the hypothesis that supportspsychodynamic therapy was fashioned from psychological theory. Inthis prospect, the psychological treatment is inclined tounderstanding both the conscious and the unconscious processes whilepsychodynamic gives much attention to the unconscious processes(Seligman, & Reichenberg, 2009).
Thoughtfocused treatment structures are our continuous evaluations of ourexperiences in life. They tend to provide grounds for behavioralchange through the use of the past experiences and distinction of thebest behavior from the worst as per one`s mindset. Conversely,cognitive treatment systems, which entail psychodynamic andpsychoanalytic therapy, are quite flexible and powerful withexpansive relevance. There exists many advantages associated with thethought-focused therapy for example this type of therapy is lessthreatening and quite comfortable by asking about the thoughts andfeelings of a patient (McCarthy, & Archer, 2013). On the otherhand, cognitions are expected to be acquiescent to transformation andinvestigation but, perceptions can be put down on paper andeffortlessly analyzed. Lastly, in thought treatment system, theperceptional change is quite rapid. And characterized by the positivegain at the initial stage of therapy, it accelerates the client`smotivation and optimism. This notion culminates into the speeding upof the whole treatment process. Conversely, psychodynamic therapeuticsystems are deemed to be time-consuming since behavioraltransformation, and modification takes time (Murphy & Dillon,2011).
IrrationalBeliefs in REBT
Inthis study of cognitive treatment, there exist 12 types of beliefs inREBT, which are perceived to be irrational. One of these conceptionsis the fact that the adults consider it a necessity to be cherishedfor nearly every activity they carry out. A practical example is aninstance where a person tries his or her level best to gainrecognition and winning the heart of other for practical senseinstead of doing it for self-gratification. The person would,therefore, try to please others to gain their praise andappreciation. The mindset of the populace, therefore, is gearedtowards following the principles and regulations stipulated by anorganization to achieve the high level of recognition (McCarthy &Archer, 2013).
Anotherirrational belief is the conception issues. Often, most things areusually horrible and awkward when they are not the way we anticipatedthem to be. A practical example of this where this belief ismanifested is where a person is doing a Ph.D. Thesis. The person getsquite anxious due to some technical difficulty experience during thewriting of the document. In this line of thought, a minor problemfaced during the research ruins the momentum and motivational stanceof the student, something that could be solved quickly. The anxietyis created because issues are not turning out as earlier projected.It is important to note that the irrational part comes in at thepoint where the individual reacts inappropriately towards the currentsituation simple logical failure. The anxiety created, therefore, isentirely unnecessary and should be avoided to maintain the wholetrack of behavior transformation (Murphy & Dillon, 2011).
Thistype of therapy was brought on board by Beck Aaron and was recognizedto be effectual in countering dejection. It is quite imperative tounderstand that the therapy concentrates on investigating theconnotation patients provide to their encounters by their thoughtsand not feeling (Murphy, & Dillon, 2011). The central principleof cognitive therapy is trying to find the changes in the thoughts ofa person that would lead to a transformation in their feelings andeventually their behavior and actions. The treatment, therefore,needs a combination of collaborative and sound therapeutic systems.Additionally, the treatment here is usually goal-oriented, short-termand problem focused. It is a structured and active approach fortreatment. Cognitive therapy focuses more on the contemporary way ofthinking although the past behavioral conduct could also be used indepicting the current situation (Seligman, & Reichenberg, 2009).
Forthe complete treatment to be quite active, cognitive therapy requirescareful examination, diagnosis and profound treatment as per theresults of diagnosis. Furthermore, numerous interventions andstrategies are put in place to monitor any transformation incognition. In addition to this, there are the strategies such asSocratic questioning and inductive reasoning which indeed form partof cognitive therapy. This is a type of psycho-educational structurewhich educates the clients to encourage emotional health and reducesthe advents of relapse. This model is applied to teaching the clientsto evaluate, identify and transform their cognitions. Follow up taskassignment and client feedback are also important in making sure thatthe approach is a success (McCarthy, & Archer, 2013).
Thesedistortions are quite incoherent with authenticity and frequentlyinculcate pessimistic contemplations about an individual thatportends their low self-esteem as well as guilt. Beck accentuates thecognitive distortions which include Overgeneralization,Magnification, Emotional reasoning, All or nothing thinking, Mentalfilter, Labeling and mislabeling, Personalization, Jumping toconclusions, Catastrophizing, Mind reading, Must and shouldstatements. All or nothing philosophy is the perceiving of acondition in light of severity and not on a scale an illustration isa person who could say, "If I don’t watch the match for today,then I will never watch again." Jumping into judgment is themaking an abrupt and hasty verdict an illustration is a narration,"They did not want me to be at the party because the invitationletter didn’t reach me in time" (Murphy, & Dillon, 2011).
Shapingand Token Economies
Shapingis a technique that is utilized in initiating a gradualtransformation in behaviors among the populace. Because of theexpected change, the patients involved would be able to get thepicture of the project and desired change. This notion would leadsto new patterns of behavior change. For example, Reichenberg andSeligman (2009) propose four steps that would be used in transformingthe conduct of those with social anxiety. The first one is toencourage people to take 5010 minutes at the various socialgatherings. The last step is the notion of conversational discourseto give confidence to the individuals in communicating with others. A token economy is that portion of treatment structure that stresseson an action. It is quite important in a group setting such asprisons and schools among others (Patterson, 2006). This form oftreatment has been used successfully in transforming the behaviors ofothers in a multitude. There are guidelines which these patients canfollow which make the complete performance appraisal for the entiregroup quite easy. A practical illustration of a token economy is acamp on summer geared towards weight loss. The weightings on a dailybasis will be examined to understand the progress, and arecommendation will be proposed on the best way forward (Murphy &Dillon, 2011).
McCarthy,C. J. & Archer, J., Jr. (2013). Theories of counseling andpsychotherapy. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. ISBN:9781621781059
Murphy,B. C., & Dillon, C. (2011). Interviewingin action in a multicultural world(4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole
Patterson,C. H. (2006). Multicultural counseling: From diversity touniversality. Journalof Counseling and Development: JCD, 74(3),227. (Document 9257253).
Seligman,L. W. & Reichenberg, L. W. (2009). Theoriesof counseling and psychotherapy: Systems, strategies, and skills(3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson