Normanis portrayed by Alfred Hitchcock in the film as a child that depends on the mother and he really loves her so muchto the extent of adopting her abusive nature. The film depicts why Norman Bates murdered Marion but from the mind-set of hisinsane mother. Contrastingly, Robert Block’s book presents threemain personalities associated with Norman as a child who is veryobedient to the mother (95). Norman known as Norma is the femininepersonality that torments the grown man to the extent of adopting hismother’s attributes and habits. Norman’s voyeurism habits areexplored from a hole through the bathroom that ensured he had a clearview of Marion Crane while taking a shower. In the process, Normankills Marion since he believed under the mind-set of his mother thatMarion flaunted sexually to torment him since he perceived she knewhe was watching her from the small hole.

Equally,the book asserts that Norman is overweight and balding man, whichaccentuates his good relationship with the mother. However, the filmuses Anthony Perkins who is young, athletic, and not overweight, butstill attached to the mother. Norman is obsessed with Norma Bates asdepicted through his actions of wearing her clothes yet she is dead.The Freudian attachment between Norman and his mother turns outdetrimental when the boy kills and mummifies his domineering motherto escape from her controlling nature. Out of fear of losing herlove, Norman mummifies his mother and preserves her like the stuffedbirds in their house. Seemingly, the obsession with the mother tookover the mind of Norman and vowed to kill anyone who threatened themother-son relationship. Adopting the characteristics of the deadmother leads Norman to kill Marion, a detective, and Marion’ssister to protect both the mother and Norman.

Inthe film, Norman’s mother is absent conspicuously since theaudience only gets to interact with her from the mind-set of the leadactor. Norman asserts that his mother is sick and insane, but hewould never take her to a mental institution. However, the allusionto his mother being like a stuffed dead bird creates an analogy thatrefers to the present state of Norma Bates. Therefore, the closerelationship between Norman and his mother is insinuated in film, butnever shown. Instead, Norman adopts the behavior and habits of hismother to the extent of killing anyone who threatened theirattachment. Contrary to an unsympathetic character, Hitchcockpresented Norman as a proactive man with heightened sexuality and inneed of a lovely woman to overcome his obsessive mother. However, thefact that the mother’s mind has wrapped Norman prevents him fromachieving the complete freedom from her insanity. Therefore, whenNorman informs Marion that his mother is a psycho, he is onlydiscussing the negative split personality associated with him.

Thebook discusses a positive attachment relationship between Norman andhis mother while young, middle-aged and as an adult. Norman as amature person rationalizes his actions to counter the negativeimpacts of the mother in the book. However, in the film, Hitchcockemphasizes the extreme irrationality of Norman to the extent ofkilling Marion and hiding her body and trying to drown her with avehicle.


Block,Robert. .New York, NY: Fawcett World Library, 1959. Print

.Dir. Alfred Hitchcock. Perf. Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh, and VeraMiles. Paramount Pictures, 1960. Film.