Professor`s Name

TheOxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

Religiousfoundations are rooted in the belief of regenerating and sustainingman to ensure his immortality. Almost all religious requiresacrifices that use either violent or nonviolent methods according todivergent ethics that control rituals. TheOxford Handbook of Religion and Violenceis a book by MarkJuergensmeyer, Margo Kitts, and Michael Jerryson, which interrogatesthe use of traditions such as sacrifice and martyrdom that representforms of rituals used to justify violence as a religious culture. Thebook provides an overview of sacrifices in ancient traditions amongthe Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, Jewish, Christian, Chinese, Africantraditions and Islamic religions. Authors highlight the acceptance oftorture in Christianity, Islam, and other religious foundations. Allthe religious traditions discussed in TheOxford Handbook of Religion and Violenceusespecific ethical euphemisms to conceal violence against man oranimals sacrifices.

Sacrificein Hindu religion is meant to ransom man’s being from the gods. Thedifferent parts of the sacrificed victim assume natural order as thebuilding blocks of the Brahmin’s universe. DharmaranyaPuranais a Vedic text that presents the history of Hindu religious debateconcerning the use of violence to maintain life. According to thebook, the Brahmins assert that man must indulge in violence as anecessity to eat. Logically, the Brahmins believe that man mustinflict violence whether on an animal or plant in order to sustainhis life. On the other hand, the Jain monks rebuked both physical andmental violence. Seemingly, violence against an animal beingsacrificed acted as a medium to connect God and the man performingthe ritual. Ethics of sacrificing an animal requires a Brahmin to usespecific ritual words and acts that automatically converts the animalfrom a victim to a willing participant. In effect, the pacificationprocess is a euphemistic expression of violence that provides a moralbacking for religious fierceness. Moreover, the act of killing ananimal is shifted from torture to represent regeneration for both thevictim and the Brahmin. Sometimes, the actual words of a sacrificeare concealed and only euphemistic taboos are used to hide themeaning of murder.

Similarly,the Buddhist traditions allow ritual sacrifice of small animals witha good intention. A conscious sacrifice of one’s body is a form ofsacrifice sanctified by Buddhists as the consummation of incomparablewisdom. In addition, a Buddhist understands the Four Noble Truths,which claim that the world is full of suffering, and man must act toliberate oneself. The concept of Dhamma forced people to commitatrocities against themselves or other beings in a violent manner inthe hope of grasping the unlimited source of wisdom.

Christianityglorifies the ritual killing of oneself or murder of a religiouspersonality as martyrdom. Early Christians accepted the idea ofviolence as a form of religious sacrifice meant to benefit theliving. Torturous narratives form the basis of Christian foundationsthat are twisted with euphemist expressions to create a notion ofredemption through martyrdom. Protestant reforms fit in with thenarrative of violence against the rigid measures of Catholic beliefs.In the same measure, Islamic beliefs accept religious motivatedviolence such as terrorism as a ritual to attain a specific goal.Besides, the expansion of Islam benefitted from extreme violentcampaigns that eradicated traditional religion of the Arab peopleforcing them to accept Allah or face death. Just like Buddhists,Islam accepted the concept of killing non-believers as a process ofcleansing the world from profanity. Equally, religious competitionsand wars have occurred between Muslims and Christians for the controlof regions. For example, violence on religious ground such asJerusalem is acceptable by both Christians. In that context,Christians launched Crusades against Moslems who equally defended thesacred ground as the third most holy place on earth after Mecca andMedina. Contests over religious sacred grounds remains legitimatelyprotected because of profit and security extracted from the violenceby religious leaders.

Thecross symbolizes the persecution of Jesus Christ for the forgivenessof human sins. While shedding the blood of an innocent man who isunwilling to die is violent murder, Christ remains a symbol ofredemptions through his torture and death on the cross. Although thelogic of the death is symbolic, the fact remains that violence isfabricated in the context of seeking for God’s redemption.Correspondingly, the legacy of violence among Jews is highlightedfrom the context of the Torah, Talmud, and other religious texts thatclaim that only when the messiah shall create order and stop chaos.Therefore, the Jewish people used God to justify the use of violentwars and political executions that entails the expansion andoccupation of the land of Israel. The Torah recounts violent warsagainst neighbors in during the expansion of Israel to cover theentire land of Palestine.

Personally,I believe that violence against persons, nations, and people isillegitimate even if the victim is worthless or willing to become asacrifice. Protection of human life is critical to emphasize areality experience with God that far from violence. I accept theJainism belief in using non-violent rituals and religious practicesthat preserve life without turning to either human or animalsacrifice. The primary religious content presented by the authors ofthe book is that people should consciously reevaluate the ethicssurrounding religious rituals and sacrifices in order to eliminateviolence. Acceptance of ritual killing by Islam, Buddhist, andChristian religions is based on the context of martyrdom. I rejectthe fact that religious institutions use hidden language andeuphemistic expressions to legitimize violence as a way of ensuringconformity to specific beliefs.

WorkCited

Juergensmeyer,Mark, Margo Kitts, and Michael Jerryson.TheOxford Handbook of Religion and Violence.New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2013. Print.

Professor`s name

&quotRead-OnlyParticipants: A Case for Student Communication in Online Classes&quot

Onlineeducation has experienced a tremendous growth all over the years withmore and more learning institutions using the platform to interactwith their students. Through online education, students can learn andaccess revision materials without necessarily attending classes. In atraditional education set up, students used to earn credit by justattending classes. However, that one has changed with theintroduction of online classes. Therefore, in the article &quotRead-OnlyParticipants: A Case for Student Communication in Online Classes&quot,the authors seek to address various questions. For instance, theappearance of students in an online environment, if their lack ofparticipation affects the entire learning process and finally theextent to which class participation contributes to the success ofstudents(Nagel, Blignaut &amp Cronje n.p).

Tosuccessfully conduct their research, the authors organized an onlineMasters course which lasted for eight weeks. Notably, WebCT was usedas the learning management system (LMS). Also, the case studyinvolved a total of twenty three participants, both male and female.They were from diverse geographical backgrounds and racial origins.The students had different ages and they were expected to participatein the class discussion group as well as forum posts. Data fromcommunication in online classes’ case study was collected throughWebCT(Nagel et al n.p).The Learning Management System noted the frequency in which each andevery student logged into the course. Also the total number of postsmade by each student was recorded as well as the responses made toother students.

Fromthe study, it was established that online classes was a success.However, the system had various weaknesses. To begin with, onlinecourses where both students and teachers interacted had a positiveimpact on the learning process. Also, skills required in an onlineclassroom helped in nurturing critical thinking since the posts anddiscussion forums compelled students to create and apply learnedknowledge. Additionally, the case study discovered that teachers whodirectly involved themselves in class discussions had a positiveinfluence on the students. On the other hand, failure of onlineclasses was also noted .Students do not energetically participate inclass. Online courses limit student’s desire to ask questions dueto isolation or unfamiliarity with the technology. From the casestudy, the authors strongly believe that communication is an integralpart in online classes. It has to be incorporated into the new systemof learning for better and effective results (Nagelet al n.p).

WorksCited

Nagel,L, A Blignaut, and J Cronje. Read-OnlyParticipants: A Case For Student Communication In Online Classes.1st ed. 2009. Print.

Professor`s name

Analysisof cultural values as expressed through advertising and entertainment

Advertisingplays a substantial role in marketing any particular product toalready existing customers or new clients. It is one of the beststrategies that a company or organization can use to widen its clientbase, gain competitive advantage and above all accrue more profits asa result of an increase in the number of sales (Percy,Larry &ampRichard).Similarly, the entertainment industry always intends to catch a largenumber of viewers as possible through their various programs andevents. However, a strong emphasis on the cultural values is crucialin the various advertisements or entertainment programs. A properunderstanding of the cultural values and the features to use lays thebasis for advertising a product or program depending on the viewersor target customers. Therefore, the essay will primarily focus onanalyzing how the various features used in the advertisement of themovie “Hillary’s America: The Secret History of the DemocraticParty” by Dinesh D’Souza are appealing as well as the messagethey are trying to put across to its viewers Hillary’sAmerica: The Secret History of the Democratic Party N.p).

(Hillary’sAmerica: The Secret History of the Democratic Party N.p).

Tobegin with, the title of the movie “Hillary’s America: The SecretHistory of the Democratic Party.” from the advertisement, isappealing to both the viewers and the members of the public. TheUnited States is preparing for a presidential election in earlyNovember this year with Hillary Clinton as the Democratic Partynominee and Donald Trump for the Republican party. Therefore, thetitle is interesting thus able to attract a greater number ofcitizens more especially in this election mood. Most of them will becurious to know the history and the secrets of the Democratic Party.Probably, some citizens might not have a concrete background as faras the Democratic Party is concerned, therefore, they will befascinated by the title. It will make them develop the interest oftrying to learn more about the party as well as the history ofHillary Clinton in politics. Equally important, the movie willattract more viewers from the Swing and the Battleground States inthe United States, where no party or presidential nominee enjoysmassive support (Hillary’sAmerica: The Secret History of the Democratic Party N.p).Itwill directly influence their decisions in choosing their futureAmerican president. Dinesh D’Souza who is the filmmaker builds thetitle of the movie by giving its history to the audience. He startswith describing how President Andrew Jackson, a Democrat, forcefullyevicted Native Americans from their land which he later sold at cheapprices to buy votes. Further, the author reveals how the currentDemocratic Party presidential nominee Hillary Clinton’s misdeeds inthe Whitewater Scandal(HOFFMAN n.p).The title, therefore, conveys the message contained in the entiremovie in a manner that is likely to compel more citizens and viewersto watch.

Also,the background of the advert creates curiosity and the urge to watchthe entire movie to establish its content as well as the message thatit is trying to convey. First, there is a picture of Hillary Clinton,she is formally dressed speaking to a crowd of people. The mode isdressing is an indication that she is a public figure, therefore, theneed to dress decently. The crowd seems to and cheer her up, and anindication that they are supporting her presidential bid as the nextpresident of the United States of America. However, in the backgroundis somehow red in color with the face of a man watching. The redcolor might be interpreted to mean the hardships that the citizens ofAmerica will expose themselves to in case they elect Hillary Clintonas the next president come November (Hillary’sAmerica: The Secret History of the Democratic Party N.p).Onthe same note, the man’s eyes watching tries to send a message tothe Democratic nominee that the citizens are aware of her politicalpast as well as that of the party. However, the secrets might only beknown to a few number of people hence the reason as to why DineshD’Souza came up with such movie.

Toadd on that, the titles given to the people who took part inreleasing the movie are both convincing and outstanding. Forinstance, award winning producer, Gerald Molen, best-selling authorDinesh D’Souza and finally the producer of the exorcist WilliamPeter Blatty. These titles are meant to assure the viewers and thecitizens that the movie is of high quality and has been done byprofessionals who have won various awards for their exceptionalperformance. Also, the subtitle utterly terrifying, makes the viewersbe more interested to find out finer details about the movie (HOFFMANn.p).

Toconclude, advertisement and entertainment are two areas that go handin hand. They are essential for attracting more buyers of a product,viewers of a particular TV program, event or organized performance.This calls for proper, more appealing and attractive advertisementsto be made. Just like the movie “Hillary’s America: The SecretHistory of the Democratic Party.” the advert is designed in a waythat it communicates its intended message to their target audience ina clear manner, but at the same time, make them curious so that theycan be interested in watching the movie. Lastly, the background colorwith a man’s face also symbolizes and support the title of themovie (Percyet al n.p).

WorksCited

Hillary’sAmerica: The Secret History of the Democratic Party.&nbsp2016.N.p. By D’SOUZA MEDIA CORPORATION. Ed. William Peter Blattey andGerald Molen.

HOFFMANJOHNATHAN. “Review:&nbspHillary’sAmerica: the Secret History of the Democratic Party.” TUCSONWEEKLY.TucsonWeekly. 28 July, 2016. Web. 30 July. 2016.

Percy,Larry, and Richard Rosenbaum-Elliott.&nbspStrategicadvertising management.Oxford University Press, 2016.

Professor`s Name

Annotatedbibliography: W.E.B. Du Bois` The Souls of Black Folk

Bessone,Magali. &quotW. E. B. Du Bois And The Souls Of Black Folk ByStephanie J. Shaw&quot.&nbspAnnales.Histoire, Sciences sociales (French Edition)&nbsp70.3(2015): 798-799. Web.

Thisbook is stylish and has a continuous flow of ideas and writings whichare majorly the work of Stephanie Shaw. Stephanie is a historyprofessor at the Ohio state university. In 2015, she published W. E.B. Du Bois and the Souls of Black Folk (UN press), which contains anew outlook on Dubois’ iconic study that is a major component ofphilosophical works. The book offers a precise and unbiasedclarification of the famous compilation of essays written by W. E. B.Dubois, the Souls of Black People, which were published in 1903.According to the author, historical, political, psychological andsociological conditions limited the interpretation of the collectionand therefore, it led to the failure to understand Du Bois’ mainambition of philosophical dimension.

Theauthor is idealistically thoughtful. It is evident in the Hegelianthought where the author talks about “the phenomenology of spirit.”She stipulates that the interpretation of “the souls” should notbe as a set of scattered texts but as a complete whole. This new typeof argument compounds the current dialectical movement inphenomenology and self-awareness, driving the mind through reason.

S.Shaw noted that a few commentators had already emphasized the need ofphenomenology in portraying the “drama of otherness.” This aspectis applied to souls to help understand what was behind the metaphor“double conscious afro-American,” proposed by Du Bois and arelated issue of “recognition” of black identity. S. Shawrecommends a course of action that emphasizes the types of movementsfound throughout the book of Du Bois. This action would distinguishthe movement’s work, culture, and freedom.

Hubbard,Dolan.&nbspTheSouls Of Black Folk. Columbia:University of Missouri Press, 2003. Print.

DolanHubbard’s, celebrating Du Bois’ work (ix) provides us with anopportunity to get the twenty-first-century souls’ possibilitiesand capabilities. They include the ability to stroke, reshape, act asa portal to the past and as a controlling factor to our imagination.Hubbard’s introduction shows the effectiveness of combining somedisciplinary tactics. The volume is introduced by a poem composed byThelma B. Thompson to honor Du Bois in a similar way that heacknowledged his hero by a poem he composed titled “the Passing ofDouglass”.

Hubbard’sintroductory text celebrates Souls as the old testament oftwentieth-century African American letters, a keystone to thetwentieth century thought, a book of all seasons, a familiar song, anational scripture and a single candle in the dark. The volumeincludes critiques and essays. The volume contains essays thatexamine the double consciousness role of the African world point ofview in developing communication methods among the African Americans,visual arts, and representations of race and the complex nature oftraditional allusions in souls. It also includes the sublime andaesthetic aspects that relate to the after enlightening concepts ofrace.

Rabaka,Reiland. &quotThe Souls Of White Folk: W.E.B. Du Bois’S CritiqueOf White Supremacy And Contributions To Critical WhiteStudies&quot.&nbspJournalof African American Studies&nbsp11.1(2007): 1-15. Web.

ReilandRabaka is an associate professor of Africana studies in theDepartment of Ethics Research at the University of Colorado. Thisvolume contains a complete overview of the critical work on probablyone of the most imaginative and creative perceptive and prolificpioneers of the discipline of sociology. This journal utilizes DuBois’ often ignored classic works of “the Souls of the WhiteFolks” in forming a connection between the African research andjudgmental white analysis. The work compares and contrasts Du Bois’groundbreaking criticisms in the “Souls of the Black Folks” witha more radical critique that he reconstructed in the political worldof racial discrimination and white chauvinism in “the Souls ofWhite Folk”.

Understandingand analysis of the power portrayed by the author in the articleignores the legal, social and ethical conventional issues that keepon giving rise to debates. It bends towards supporting power with theworks of Du Bois on critical social theory, philosophy and sociologyof race and radical politics. Du Bois has been known as a historian,Marxist, sociologist, political activist but not as a classicalsocial theorist with substantial political interests. His interest isnot only on black liberalization or racial equity but also interestsin women liberation, the poor, working class and the colonized.

Raine,Anne. &quotDu Bois’S Ambient Poetics: Rethinking EnvironmentalImagination In The Souls Of Black Folk.&quot&nbspCallaloo&nbsp36.2(2013): 322-341. Web.

Noother book has impacted more on the symbolic landscape ofafro-American literature than W. E. B. Dubois’ “the souls ofblack folk” (1903). The way he describes the southern environmentand his experiences in his journey to the south has been aninspiration for African American writers. With its canonical statusand its complicated approach to the environment, Souls is a startingpoint for dialogue between ecocriticism and African Americanliterature. It is surprising that few critics have examined souls asan environmental writing showing that they have been missing acrucial component of the work. The book explores the connectionsbetween modern science, American modern literature and the beginningof the twentieth century Back to Nature Organization. The above bookalso looks into how modern female authors and other writers, whomajor on nature, engaged in a broad cultural rethinking of naturepartially triggered by industrialization and urbanization and theprofessional sciences. The rethinking was also triggered by feminizedfield of nature`s work

Young,Alford A.&nbspTheSouls Of W.E.B. Du Bois. Boulder,Colo.: Paradigm Publishers, 2006. Print.

AlfordA. Young is an associate professor of sociology at the University ofMichigan. His work thoughtfully analyzes the relationship betweenDubois’ works the relationship of “the Souls of Black Folk” toother articles in Du Bois’ scholarly profile and his larger workconcerning race, racial identity and social objective of academicengagement.

Thebook includes an introduction by Alford A. Young. He reconstructs theDu Boisian legacy, therefore, giving the readers a historicalperspective of his work. He gives us an overview of most of the worksthat Du Bois did over his lifetime. In his work, he recognizes DuBois as the founding father of sociology and majorly as the pioneerof the comprehensive study of African Americans rather than shapingthe discipline more broadly. The last two decades have experienced alot of effort to recover and reclaim him as a major contributor tosociology after his work has been ignored for some time. The book hassome level of criticism stating that Du Boise never embraced hisarguments, but instead he blankly talked against ethical inferiorityclaims that prevailed in the twentieth century.

Workscited

&quotW.E. B. Du Bois And The Souls Of Black Folk&quot.&nbspChoiceReviews Online&nbsp51.07(2014): 51-4060-51-4060. Web.

Bessone,Magali. &quotW. E. B. Du Bois And The Souls Of Black Folk ByStephanie J. Shaw&quot.&nbspAnnales.Histoire, Sciences sociales (French Edition)&nbsp70.3(2015): 798-799. Web.

Hubbard,Dolan.&nbspTheSouls Of Black Folk. Columbia:University of Missouri Press, 2003. Print.

Raine,Anne. &quotDu Bois’S Ambient Poetics: Rethinking EnvironmentalImagination In The Souls Of Black Folk&quot.&nbspCallaloo&nbsp36.2(2013): 322-341. Web.

Young,Alford A.&nbspTheSouls Of W.E.B. Du Bois. Boulder,Colo.: Paradigm Publishers, 2006. Print.

Professor`s Name

Peopleare entitled to live in peace and harmony because it is not aprivilege but a right. How would you feel if you saw your neighborbeing attacked because they are weak? Will you just stand there andwatch your neighbor being beaten helplessly? We are emotional beingsmeaning that we care a lot for each other, and we would do anythingthat’s right to help our fellow friends if they are in trouble. Itis our human nature to help out and in this case, the USA had tointervene to liberate Kuwait from Iraq. This paper seeks to analyzethe speech of the president of the USA on the matter concerning theattack on Kuwait.

AnalyticalEssay on President Bush’s Speech on Kuwait Liberation

Justafter he deployed his military squad to the purposes of ending hiseminent problem and threat to his nation, Saddam Hussein, PresidentBush made a public speech to his country to inform them of his courseof action. In his speech, he outlines the eminent danger that thenation is facing, and the reason why immediate action is needed to betaken.

Thepresident is a genius in the art of communication. The President’sstate addressed speech is simply a masterpiece of a carefully craftedand evocative method of communication. He incorporates differentaspects of literature which not only makes the statement clear andunderstandable but also an impressive piece of work. Suchcommunication techniques are essential especially when one tocommunicate to many people on issues of high sensitivity andintegrity(Gitlin, Marty 98).

Thespeech begins with a light tone and well-chosen words that catch thelistener’s attention, concentration, and emotion. This tone is aneasy way of convening some bad news to the public. The use of a roughone would result to the invocation of the people’s anxiety, andthis could lead to fear and frantic attitudes(Gitlin, Marty 50).While violence may have been eminent during that time, the news onthe advent of war may have shocked many citizens. Therefore, theintroduction of the speech was an efficient way of containing thepeople’s anxiety.

Injust a few words he conveys the nature of the matter that they arefacing. He uses simple and easily understandable words such thatanyone would understand, and there would be no need for furtherexplanations. He also portrays real, careful consideration of words.The creation of a bigger image of Allied Forces which America hadjoined was a strategic approach to justifying the participation ofAmerica in the war while putting into consideration the freshmemories of the loss they encountered during the previous war. Duringthe last war, America had chosen rather a single approach in tryingto push its influence in Vietnam where their military personnel endedup being seriously annihilated. He portrayed a better approach toovercoming the past mistake by rather engaging in a united front ofnations than fighting together alone and risk sufferings similarconsequence.

Afterthat, he proceeds to invoke range into the people through thedescription of the basis for their action. According to GitlinMarty, itwould be brutal if after any individual managing to annihilate hiscountry he precedes to serve the same portion of another country notwithin his sovereignty. This behavior invokes hatred for theiropponent as it appears that the enemy has a warring nature and is noteven ready to observe anyone’s rights save for the foreigners’. He paints a picture such as that you would get off the number onepublic enemy. His introduction of the matter is short, clear andprecise.

Hisuse of the present continuous tense in explaining the course ofaction they have adopted adds weight to the reality of the situationand produces such a vivid image of the situation. The words are in asystematic order whereby after admitting to war the president directsthe attention to the objective of putting in some checkpoints towardsthe evolution of the situation into a much conducive setting. Hisspeech is tailored in such a positive and optimistic tone. Thisconfidence clearly stipulates on his faith in the decision, and healso demonstrates the efficiency and capacity to handle and fulfillthe decision.

Hefurther states a brief overview of their strategy. The brevity of theexplanation of the major aspects brings an impression that everythingelse is in order. This approach would prevent the wrong over reactionto the problem and such confidence in the leadership. He thenconfirms on the current assessments of the situation and confirmsthat everything is functioning properly. It clears the doubts one maypossess about the situation. It has a relieving effect. The use ofcollective nouns such as“our” generates the impression oftogetherness and participation in the case.

Hethen gives a detailed picture of the desired type of situation afterthe initiative. This opinion justifies the action further as it wouldlead to the bettering of a bad situation. The president realizes thatthere is always a level of doubt in any case. He, therefore, goes onto accommodate the voice of questions of doubt in a sarcastic toneand answers them with a harsh tone. He reinforces on the decisionfurther by stating other less radical approaches they have applied inthe past which yielded meager or no results at all.

Therepetition of the words “while the world waited,” has anemphasizing effect on the audience. It creates a deepening effect ofthe message upon the audience. A series of events that constituteSadam’s wrong doings are emphasized. It also indicates that therewas time given for internal reforms within the country to effect, butthe leaders were not prepared or were just unwilling to comply. Headopts a descending order of arranging the occurrence of events fromthe peak of the issues to the onset of the problem. This approachhelps to refresh people’s minds on the consistency of the problemor the wrongdoer. He also consistently refers to the event as a sadtragedy imposed upon an innocent victim. It calls for sympatheticassistance.

Thespeech also incorporates the use of reference to indicate the sourceof moral refrains such as the will of the United Nations aboutSadam’s exit or forced exit out of Kuwait. It makes the antagonistseem like a wicked person who needs enough correcting or directing oreven worse retrenchment out of his misconduct. He also uses adverbsto symbolize on the types of relationships that are existing amongthe various parties in the effort to pursue a common objective.

Repetitionon the nature of their operations serves as an emphasizing factor onthe viability of anticipated result of the actions to be taken(Gitlin,Marty 77).He understands the major area of concern would be on the ability oftheir military personalities to avoid casualties. He pushes thepeople’s faith further by describing a perfect kind of societyliving. The proximity to the achievement of such a situation was onlyunderway if that war was to be won. This use of imagery continuouslykeeps the picture vivid in mind and not only is it a picture but alsoit’s a reality estimation of the current situation and the likelycircumstances of a new world order with struggle coming in midway.

Aspectsof moral backgrounds mark the end of the speech. The address uses astereotype that no nation can stand against a word focusing on them.It comes in as a much mild tone as the president comes to concludehis speech. The falling intonation would catalyze deepening of theinformation in the people’s subconscious. There is the use of aquotation from a famous person which brings further insight into theproblem and the justification of the incidences. He also tries tomake his speech as less sensitive as possible by stating that theydon’t have any quarrels with the people of Iraq. He uses a realistapproach where he observes that few casualties will be witnessed andwishes for the best and a swift achievement of the objective.

Heuses a timely approach to the delivery where he announces an actionthat just started about two hours in the past. This puts a seriousmood on the speech and hence the audience cannot just take the matterlight-heartedly. He even poses Sadam’s threats as personal againstthe country. He repeats on the unwillingness of Hussein to complywith the regulations that have been imposed on him. This creates apicture of his stubborn nature and further this is a justificationfor the need for forced eviction of such leaders. The use of thefirst person when referring to the supervision of the operationindicates on the seriousness of the matter and that they haveprioritized their forces to the effect.

Conclusion

ThePresident Bush’s state addressed speech is enough proof that he isa genius in communication. It is simply a masterpiece of a carefullycrafted and evocative method of communication. While he made a speechexplaining to the country why the full dedication of militaryreaction was necessary to topple Hussein’s forces from Kuwait, heused very simple words that are easily understood by anyone who wouldlisten. His evolution of ideas is in such an organized order thatthey continuously captivate the people’s attention and keep theminterested in the speech. The voice of reason behind thejustification of this course of action is also strong and veryinvoking. He is quite positive about the success of the operationwhere he consistently admits to the likelihood of its success. Hisideas are also well organized thus ensuring that the listener canfollow through effectively.

Workscited

Gitlin,Marty.&nbspOperationDesert Storm.Edina, MN: ABDO Pub. Co., 2009. Print.

Professor`s Name

Peopleare entitled to live in peace and harmony because it is not aprivilege but a right. How would you feel if you saw your neighborbeing attacked because they are weak? Will you just stand there andwatch your neighbor being beaten helplessly? We are emotional beingsmeaning that we care a lot for each other, and we would do anythingthat’s right to help our fellow friends if they are in trouble. Itis our human nature to help out and in this case, the USA had tointervene to liberate Kuwait from Iraq. This paper seeks to analyzethe speech of the president of the USA on the matter concerning theattack on Kuwait.

AnalyticalEssay on President Bush’s Speech on Kuwait Liberation

Justafter he deployed his military squad to the purposes of ending hiseminent problem and threat to his nation, Saddam Hussein, PresidentBush made a public speech to his country to inform them of his courseof action. In his speech, he outlines the eminent danger that thenation is facing, and the reason why immediate action is needed to betaken.

Thepresident is a genius in the art of communication. The President’sstate addressed speech is simply a masterpiece of a carefully craftedand evocative method of communication. He incorporates differentaspects of literature which not only makes the statement clear andunderstandable but also an impressive piece of work. Suchcommunication techniques are essential especially when one tocommunicate to many people on issues of high sensitivity andintegrity(Gitlin, Marty 98).

Thespeech begins with a light tone and well-chosen words that catch thelistener’s attention, concentration, and emotion. This tone is aneasy way of convening some bad news to the public. The use of a roughone would result to the invocation of the people’s anxiety, andthis could lead to fear and frantic attitudes(Gitlin, Marty 50).While violence may have been eminent during that time, the news onthe advent of war may have shocked many citizens. Therefore, theintroduction of the speech was an efficient way of containing thepeople’s anxiety.

Injust a few words he conveys the nature of the matter that they arefacing. He uses simple and easily understandable words such thatanyone would understand, and there would be no need for furtherexplanations. He also portrays real, careful consideration of words.The creation of a bigger image of Allied Forces which America hadjoined was a strategic approach to justifying the participation ofAmerica in the war while putting into consideration the freshmemories of the loss they encountered during the previous war. Duringthe last war, America had chosen rather a single approach in tryingto push its influence in Vietnam where their military personnel endedup being seriously annihilated. He portrayed a better approach toovercoming the past mistake by rather engaging in a united front ofnations than fighting together alone and risk sufferings similarconsequence.

Afterthat, he proceeds to invoke range into the people through thedescription of the basis for their action. According to GitlinMarty, itwould be brutal if after any individual managing to annihilate hiscountry he precedes to serve the same portion of another country notwithin his sovereignty. This behavior invokes hatred for theiropponent as it appears that the enemy has a warring nature and is noteven ready to observe anyone’s rights save for the foreigners’. He paints a picture such as that you would get off the number onepublic enemy. His introduction of the matter is short, clear andprecise.

Hisuse of the present continuous tense in explaining the course ofaction they have adopted adds weight to the reality of the situationand produces such a vivid image of the situation. The words are in asystematic order whereby after admitting to war the president directsthe attention to the objective of putting in some checkpoints towardsthe evolution of the situation into a much conducive setting. Hisspeech is tailored in such a positive and optimistic tone. Thisconfidence clearly stipulates on his faith in the decision, and healso demonstrates the efficiency and capacity to handle and fulfillthe decision.

Hefurther states a brief overview of their strategy. The brevity of theexplanation of the major aspects brings an impression that everythingelse is in order. This approach would prevent the wrong over reactionto the problem and such confidence in the leadership. He thenconfirms on the current assessments of the situation and confirmsthat everything is functioning properly. It clears the doubts one maypossess about the situation. It has a relieving effect. The use ofcollective nouns such as“our” generates the impression oftogetherness and participation in the case.

Hethen gives a detailed picture of the desired type of situation afterthe initiative. This opinion justifies the action further as it wouldlead to the bettering of a bad situation. The president realizes thatthere is always a level of doubt in any case. He, therefore, goes onto accommodate the voice of questions of doubt in a sarcastic toneand answers them with a harsh tone. He reinforces on the decisionfurther by stating other less radical approaches they have applied inthe past which yielded meager or no results at all.

Therepetition of the words “while the world waited,” has anemphasizing effect on the audience. It creates a deepening effect ofthe message upon the audience. A series of events that constituteSadam’s wrong doings are emphasized. It also indicates that therewas time given for internal reforms within the country to effect, butthe leaders were not prepared or were just unwilling to comply. Headopts a descending order of arranging the occurrence of events fromthe peak of the issues to the onset of the problem. This approachhelps to refresh people’s minds on the consistency of the problemor the wrongdoer. He also consistently refers to the event as a sadtragedy imposed upon an innocent victim. It calls for sympatheticassistance.

Thespeech also incorporates the use of reference to indicate the sourceof moral refrains such as the will of the United Nations aboutSadam’s exit or forced exit out of Kuwait. It makes the antagonistseem like a wicked person who needs enough correcting or directing oreven worse retrenchment out of his misconduct. He also uses adverbsto symbolize on the types of relationships that are existing amongthe various parties in the effort to pursue a common objective.

Repetitionon the nature of their operations serves as an emphasizing factor onthe viability of anticipated result of the actions to be taken(Gitlin,Marty 77).He understands the major area of concern would be on the ability oftheir military personalities to avoid casualties. He pushes thepeople’s faith further by describing a perfect kind of societyliving. The proximity to the achievement of such a situation was onlyunderway if that war was to be won. This use of imagery continuouslykeeps the picture vivid in mind and not only is it a picture but alsoit’s a reality estimation of the current situation and the likelycircumstances of a new world order with struggle coming in midway.

Aspectsof moral backgrounds mark the end of the speech. The address uses astereotype that no nation can stand against a word focusing on them.It comes in as a much mild tone as the president comes to concludehis speech. The falling intonation would catalyze deepening of theinformation in the people’s subconscious. There is the use of aquotation from a famous person which brings further insight into theproblem and the justification of the incidences. He also tries tomake his speech as less sensitive as possible by stating that theydon’t have any quarrels with the people of Iraq. He uses a realistapproach where he observes that few casualties will be witnessed andwishes for the best and a swift achievement of the objective.

Heuses a timely approach to the delivery where he announces an actionthat just started about two hours in the past. This puts a seriousmood on the speech and hence the audience cannot just take the matterlight-heartedly. He even poses Sadam’s threats as personal againstthe country. He repeats on the unwillingness of Hussein to complywith the regulations that have been imposed on him. This creates apicture of his stubborn nature and further this is a justificationfor the need for forced eviction of such leaders. The use of thefirst person when referring to the supervision of the operationindicates on the seriousness of the matter and that they haveprioritized their forces to the effect.

Conclusion

ThePresident Bush’s state addressed speech is enough proof that he isa genius in communication. It is simply a masterpiece of a carefullycrafted and evocative method of communication. While he made a speechexplaining to the country why the full dedication of militaryreaction was necessary to topple Hussein’s forces from Kuwait, heused very simple words that are easily understood by anyone who wouldlisten. His evolution of ideas is in such an organized order thatthey continuously captivate the people’s attention and keep theminterested in the speech. The voice of reason behind thejustification of this course of action is also strong and veryinvoking. He is quite positive about the success of the operationwhere he consistently admits to the likelihood of its success. Hisideas are also well organized thus ensuring that the listener canfollow through effectively.

Workscited

Gitlin,Marty.&nbspOperationDesert Storm.Edina, MN: ABDO Pub. Co., 2009. Print.

Professor`s Name

Peopleare entitled to live in peace and harmony because it is not aprivilege but a right. How would you feel if you saw your neighborbeing attacked because they are weak? Will you just stand there andwatch your neighbor being beaten helplessly? We are emotional beingsmeaning that we care a lot for each other, and we would do anythingthat’s right to help our fellow friends if they are in trouble. Itis our human nature to help out and in this case, the USA had tointervene to liberate Kuwait from Iraq. This paper seeks to analyzethe speech of the president of the USA on the matter concerning theattack on Kuwait.

AnalyticalEssay on President Bush’s Speech on Kuwait Liberation

Justafter he deployed his military squad to the purposes of ending hiseminent problem and threat to his nation, Saddam Hussein, PresidentBush made a public speech to his country to inform them of his courseof action. In his speech, he outlines the eminent danger that thenation is facing, and the reason why immediate action is needed to betaken.

Thepresident is a genius in the art of communication. The President’sstate addressed speech is simply a masterpiece of a carefully craftedand evocative method of communication. He incorporates differentaspects of literature which not only makes the statement clear andunderstandable but also an impressive piece of work. Suchcommunication techniques are essential especially when one tocommunicate to many people on issues of high sensitivity andintegrity(Gitlin, Marty 98).

Thespeech begins with a light tone and well-chosen words that catch thelistener’s attention, concentration, and emotion. This tone is aneasy way of convening some bad news to the public. The use of a roughone would result to the invocation of the people’s anxiety, andthis could lead to fear and frantic attitudes(Gitlin, Marty 50).While violence may have been eminent during that time, the news onthe advent of war may have shocked many citizens. Therefore, theintroduction of the speech was an efficient way of containing thepeople’s anxiety.

Injust a few words he conveys the nature of the matter that they arefacing. He uses simple and easily understandable words such thatanyone would understand, and there would be no need for furtherexplanations. He also portrays real, careful consideration of words.The creation of a bigger image of Allied Forces which America hadjoined was a strategic approach to justifying the participation ofAmerica in the war while putting into consideration the freshmemories of the loss they encountered during the previous war. Duringthe last war, America had chosen rather a single approach in tryingto push its influence in Vietnam where their military personnel endedup being seriously annihilated. He portrayed a better approach toovercoming the past mistake by rather engaging in a united front ofnations than fighting together alone and risk sufferings similarconsequence.

Afterthat, he proceeds to invoke range into the people through thedescription of the basis for their action. According to GitlinMarty, itwould be brutal if after any individual managing to annihilate hiscountry he precedes to serve the same portion of another country notwithin his sovereignty. This behavior invokes hatred for theiropponent as it appears that the enemy has a warring nature and is noteven ready to observe anyone’s rights save for the foreigners’. He paints a picture such as that you would get off the number onepublic enemy. His introduction of the matter is short, clear andprecise.

Hisuse of the present continuous tense in explaining the course ofaction they have adopted adds weight to the reality of the situationand produces such a vivid image of the situation. The words are in asystematic order whereby after admitting to war the president directsthe attention to the objective of putting in some checkpoints towardsthe evolution of the situation into a much conducive setting. Hisspeech is tailored in such a positive and optimistic tone. Thisconfidence clearly stipulates on his faith in the decision, and healso demonstrates the efficiency and capacity to handle and fulfillthe decision.

Hefurther states a brief overview of their strategy. The brevity of theexplanation of the major aspects brings an impression that everythingelse is in order. This approach would prevent the wrong over reactionto the problem and such confidence in the leadership. He thenconfirms on the current assessments of the situation and confirmsthat everything is functioning properly. It clears the doubts one maypossess about the situation. It has a relieving effect. The use ofcollective nouns such as“our” generates the impression oftogetherness and participation in the case.

Hethen gives a detailed picture of the desired type of situation afterthe initiative. This opinion justifies the action further as it wouldlead to the bettering of a bad situation. The president realizes thatthere is always a level of doubt in any case. He, therefore, goes onto accommodate the voice of questions of doubt in a sarcastic toneand answers them with a harsh tone. He reinforces on the decisionfurther by stating other less radical approaches they have applied inthe past which yielded meager or no results at all.

Therepetition of the words “while the world waited,” has anemphasizing effect on the audience. It creates a deepening effect ofthe message upon the audience. A series of events that constituteSadam’s wrong doings are emphasized. It also indicates that therewas time given for internal reforms within the country to effect, butthe leaders were not prepared or were just unwilling to comply. Headopts a descending order of arranging the occurrence of events fromthe peak of the issues to the onset of the problem. This approachhelps to refresh people’s minds on the consistency of the problemor the wrongdoer. He also consistently refers to the event as a sadtragedy imposed upon an innocent victim. It calls for sympatheticassistance.

Thespeech also incorporates the use of reference to indicate the sourceof moral refrains such as the will of the United Nations aboutSadam’s exit or forced exit out of Kuwait. It makes the antagonistseem like a wicked person who needs enough correcting or directing oreven worse retrenchment out of his misconduct. He also uses adverbsto symbolize on the types of relationships that are existing amongthe various parties in the effort to pursue a common objective.

Repetitionon the nature of their operations serves as an emphasizing factor onthe viability of anticipated result of the actions to be taken(Gitlin,Marty 77).He understands the major area of concern would be on the ability oftheir military personalities to avoid casualties. He pushes thepeople’s faith further by describing a perfect kind of societyliving. The proximity to the achievement of such a situation was onlyunderway if that war was to be won. This use of imagery continuouslykeeps the picture vivid in mind and not only is it a picture but alsoit’s a reality estimation of the current situation and the likelycircumstances of a new world order with struggle coming in midway.

Aspectsof moral backgrounds mark the end of the speech. The address uses astereotype that no nation can stand against a word focusing on them.It comes in as a much mild tone as the president comes to concludehis speech. The falling intonation would catalyze deepening of theinformation in the people’s subconscious. There is the use of aquotation from a famous person which brings further insight into theproblem and the justification of the incidences. He also tries tomake his speech as less sensitive as possible by stating that theydon’t have any quarrels with the people of Iraq. He uses a realistapproach where he observes that few casualties will be witnessed andwishes for the best and a swift achievement of the objective.

Heuses a timely approach to the delivery where he announces an actionthat just started about two hours in the past. This puts a seriousmood on the speech and hence the audience cannot just take the matterlight-heartedly. He even poses Sadam’s threats as personal againstthe country. He repeats on the unwillingness of Hussein to complywith the regulations that have been imposed on him. This creates apicture of his stubborn nature and further this is a justificationfor the need for forced eviction of such leaders. The use of thefirst person when referring to the supervision of the operationindicates on the seriousness of the matter and that they haveprioritized their forces to the effect.

Conclusion

ThePresident Bush’s state addressed speech is enough proof that he isa genius in communication. It is simply a masterpiece of a carefullycrafted and evocative method of communication. While he made a speechexplaining to the country why the full dedication of militaryreaction was necessary to topple Hussein’s forces from Kuwait, heused very simple words that are easily understood by anyone who wouldlisten. His evolution of ideas is in such an organized order thatthey continuously captivate the people’s attention and keep theminterested in the speech. The voice of reason behind thejustification of this course of action is also strong and veryinvoking. He is quite positive about the success of the operationwhere he consistently admits to the likelihood of its success. Hisideas are also well organized thus ensuring that the listener canfollow through effectively.

Workscited

Gitlin,Marty.&nbspOperationDesert Storm.Edina, MN: ABDO Pub. Co., 2009. Print.

Professor`s name

LACKOF INTERNET REGULATIONS

Howdifficult is it for anyone to open a Facebook account? Needless tosay, as long as one is connected to the internet they can open anysocial media or email accounts. It is impossible to know the motiveof a person due their anonymity which makes it difficult to know whofollows the set conditions and who does not. Despite the benefitsassociated with it, despite the benefits associated with it, lack ofinternet regulation has led to various vices in the society. Thisstudy will focus on cyber bullying, lack of privacy and online sexualsolicitation and predation.

Communicationtechnology primarily refers to any application or communicationdevice, for instance, cellular phones, television sets, satellitesystems, computer network software and hardware whose major role isto facilitate connection and the passing of information from oneindividual or location to another. In addition, communicationtechnology is also accompanied with other applications and serviceswhich include distance learning and video conferencing. Notably, theapplication of communication technology depends on the context suchas libraries, health care facilities or the education system.(CALIFORNIAADOLESCENT HEALTHCLLABORATIVE).

Cyberbullying is one of the media-related challenges in the contemporarysociety. The widespread use of technology has resulted to increasedcases of cyberbullying. The perpetrators of cyberbullying use devicessuch as mobile phones, tablets, computers as well as othercommunication gadgets to send abusive messages whose intention is tohurt or harm their intended victims. On top of that, the bullies canalso use other social platforms such as Facebook, twitter, Instagramor Snapchat to send or post defamatory messages so that they canachieve their ill intentions. All these has been facilitated bycommunication technology. Equally important, perpetrators of cyberbullies can also use electronic mail to hurt their intended victims.Besides, they can access private information of an individual andsend it to various people (CALIFORNIAADOLESCENT HEALTHCLLABORATIVE).This makes the victim more vulnerable to attacks from otherill-intentioned individuals who have access to their privateinformation. Besides, the bullies can also use the email address toattach harmful computers virus and send it to their targets with amotive of destroying their personal computers thus resulting to lossof crucial information (Devex). The dynamics of communicationtechnology such as distance have even made it more difficult to tracethe perpetrators of cyberbullying and hold them accountable for theiractions.

Also,lack of privacy is another media problem that is associated withcommunication technology. A significant number of people moreespecially the teenagers are not cautious on the type of informationthey share on various social media platforms. Most youths do not payattention to the private policies outlined by the respective websiteshence making them be more vulnerable to disclosing privateinformation to third parties. These people might use the informationto track their location and kidnap them after which they will startdemanding ransoms from their parents or guardians so that they cansecure the freedom of their children (AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFICAND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH).Some of them are even killed hence bringing more grief to theaffected families. Moreover, the kind of photos or information theyshare might be used my malicious individuals to conduct variouscrimes. On the same note, some teenagers who use mobile phones andother communication devices are not concerned with the kind of peoplethey talk to or share information using online platforms. This isvery dangerous as it exposes them to attacks or any other form ofcrime such as abduction.

Communicationtechnology is associated with online sexual solicitation andpredation. Communication technology is on the rise and more teenagersare falling. This happens when other people compel them to talk aboutsex or even share sexual information even if it is against theirwill. Moreover, the teenagers might also be tempted to meet peoplewhom they have talked to online. This might lead to sexual predationor even rape cases (Haliso &amp Yacob).

Inconclusion, communication technology is associated with variousbenefits in as far as connecting people and facilitating theircommunication is concerned. However, this technology is alsoassociated with negative media related effects due to lack ofdefinite regulations on internet usage such as cyber bullying, lackof privacy as well as sexual solicitation and predation. Thecontinuous inventions and widespread use of technology has led to anew form of intimidation referred to as cyber bullying. Theperpetrators harm or hurt their victims or intended targets throughonline platforms. Also, the various social media platforms as aresult of communication technology have exposed people moreespecially the youths and teenagers to risks such as abduction. Thisis majorly attributed to the fact that they are not cautious on thetype of information they share with third parties. On the same note,communication technology has made teenagers be victims of sexualsolicitation and predation. Most of them engage in conversations withpeople they don’t know while others consider meeting them. This isvery risky as it makes them vulnerable to rape or any other crimeactivities. Therefore, it is very crucial for all parents andguardians to monitor the kind of activities that their kids doonline. They should also sensitize them on the type of informationthey should share as well as encourage the kids to be cautious on thetype of people that they talk to or decide to meet. Doing so willplay a significant role in reducing media-related challenges as aresult of communication technology (Stam &amp Gertjan).

Workscited

AMERICANJOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH . Informationand communication technology in the construction.2011. Retrived from&lthttp://www.scihub.org/AJSIR/PDF/2011/3/AJSIR-2-3-461-468.pdf&gt.

CALIFORNIAADOLESCENT HEALTHCLLABORATIVE. &quotImpact of Social Media onAdolescent Behavioral Health in California.&quot Impactof Social Media on Adolescent Behavioral Health in California.California Teen Health.org, n.d. Web. 2011. Retrieved fromhttp://www.phi.org/uploads/application/files/g9g6xbfghdxoe3yytmc1rfvvm8lt1ly9sr3j369pstkojdly15.pdf

Devex. The five key challenges in implementing ICT for development. 12 December 2013. retrieved from &lthttps://www.devex.com/news/the-five-key-challenges-in-implementing-ict-for-development-82499&gt

Haliso, Yacob. Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) Use by Academic Librarians in Southwestern Nigeria. 2011. &lthttp://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1602&ampcontext=libphilprac&gt

Stam, Gertjan van. Constraints for Information and Communications Technologies implementation in rural Zambia. November 2012. received from &lthttps://www.academia.edu/2123262/Constraints_for_Information_and_Communications_Technologies_implementation_in_rural_Zambia. 25 7 2016.&gt

Professor`s Name

Celebrityworship

Celebrityworship is an obsession with the details of a famous person`s life.According to the evolutionary biologists, it is natural for people toimitate personalities who get attention because of their affluence.Works byLawrence, Cooper indicate that thepractice comes in many dimensions from entertainment social tointense personal and borderline pathological. People tend to developan interest in celebrities when they are searching for their identitysuch as during their tender ages as teenagers. They get absorbed andat times they may end up being addicted if they experience a tragedysuch as losing someone they loved(Sheridan, Lorraine et al 33).

Bythe time most people hit their twenties, they are hooked with a lotof celebrity obsession to an extent of losing individualism(Lawrence, Cooper 51).When people base their looks or even personality on other people, werealize how celebrity worship can get people out of control. When wesee productive and famous people and start aspiring to be like themthan being ourselves, it becomes the entry point of the unhealthyaddiction (Sheridan,Lorraine et al. 30).In the present day we worship some people for no reason, they are“famous for being famous” such as the Kardashians.

Theorigin of the condition lies in our misdirected fascination with thepop culture (Sheridan,Lorraine et al. 33).It seems people have given up on themselves and resolved to followand idolize those who have not. According toLawrence, Cooper whenone generates popular culture around a product or person, there is aguarantee of a sellout. People lose sight of their struggles andpriorities and become immature and irresponsible. Another area wherecelebrity worship is prominent is in the political and economicworld. Some people get obsessed with the daily activities of thepolitical world than with other aspects of their life. As a trendingculture, celebrity worship has a major cost to the society.

Workscited

Lawrence,Cooper.&nbspTheCult Of Celebrity.Guilford, Conn.: Skirt!, 2009. Print.

Sheridan,Lorraine et al. &quotCelebrity Worship, Addiction AndCriminality&quot.&nbspPsychology,Crime &amp Law13.6(2007): 559-571. Web.