Political Socialization


Theprocess of political socialization is influenced by various factorsin an individual’s environment. Most of the people take hardpolitical stances with only a few remaining neutral. The ideologiesadopted by the citizens are dependent on the values possessed bytheir families, friends, media, role models and, the educationalenvironment(McDevitt, 2016, p.7).Theevident regional political affiliations confirm that people exposedto a similar orientation are like to share common beliefs aboutgovernance(Jennings &amp Niemi, 2015, p.9).In the United States, Democrat and Republican are the major politicalparties. My current perceptions of the American political environmenthave been forged by four main factors including the family, school,events and the role models. The purpose of the paper is todemonstrate that the stances that people hold on to are molded byvarious players in their surroundings.


Accordingto Jenningsand Niemi (2015), the familyis instrumental in shaping children’s perception of various leaders(p.12). As a college student with a natural inquisitiveness, I amalways eager to indulge my father and elder brother into politicaldiscussions. My family embraces the Democrat philosophy and apartfrom my mother who rarely takes part in heated talks, the three of usenjoy discussing different decisions made by federal institutions. Iattribute my allegiance to the Democrat Party to the earlyorientation to politics. Since I was seven, I have known my father tobe a critical dissector of daily news. He would do it in our presenceand little did he know that he was shaping our political futures. Hewould criticize any individual or institution that faulted thegovernment. I once thought that he was defendant of any presidentuntil George Bush assumed office.

Hisnegative criticism drove me to presume that the government wasusually wrong in most of its policies. Even before I joined highschool, I was well acquainted with various Democratic policies thatwere perceived to be favorable for the country. I already made up mymind to vote for the Party’s candidate when I attained the legalage. After I joined college, I encountered people with variedpolitical views and we discussed cross-sectional policies withindividuals defending their parties. Nevertheless, the experience didnot alter my staunch Democrat affiliation.


TheMedia is imperative in providing information on political ideologies(Pye&ampVerba, 2015, p.5).The various sources including websites, social platforms, televisionsand print materials are valuable sources of discussion topics. Pyeand Verba (2015) provide that mostof the streamline media are non-partisan, and they provideinformation for the viewers to make their opinions (p.14). TheHuffington Post and the Blaze are my preferred websites since theyremain current. Also, the Democrats.org has been my primary referenceto understand rationales for resolutions made by different Democratleaders. However, I am mostly interested in articles that areinformative on the Democratic policies owing to my early orientation.

Theframing of the headlines in the various articles also affects theattention I will give to a particular section. The Democrat leadersaround the country make different remarks during public functions.The media provides information about the intentions of the party thathave not yet been debated in the public arena(Pye &ampVerba, 2015, p.13). At home and in college, I use the sources as premises for argumentsduring discussions. However, I find some of the opinions expressed bysome columnists as illogically opposed to the Democrat Party.However, if I were to author a piece to be published in a column, itwould be in support of the political vehicle that I support.


Differentevents have also shaped my political ideologies. Through reading, Ihave come to appreciate the role played by different leaders in thedevelopment of the United States. The occurrences that have takenplace since I was oriented to the family’s political stance havechanged the way I perceive the top leadership. For example, it waswhen George Bush (a Republican) was the president that terroristsattacked the World Trade Center resulting in hundreds of fatalities.It was a Republican idea to send troops to Iraq in 2003 leading toeconomic strain and death of more than 4,000 American soldiers(Jeffrey, 2015, p178).In my family, it was agreed that the intelligence department hadflopped.

Anothermajor event that contributed to the way I perceive political divideswas on May 2, 2011, when the United States seals neutralized OsamaBin Laden. George Bush, working under the Republican umbrella couldnot capture Osama even after attacking his country. Nonetheless,Barrack Obama, a Democrat sat and watched every agile move made bythe seals in Pakistan as they executed the long-hunted leader of AlQaeda. The ordeal demonstrated the willingness of the president tointensify security in America. In addition, the recent tour by Obamato Russia, Cuba and Japan had a significant effect on therelationship between Americans and the other nations. He became thefirst sitting president to visit Cuba. His move intensified mysupport for the Democratic Party.

PublicFigures and Role Models

Thepublic figures also influence people political decisions. The rolesthey play in the society and their contribution to the effectivenessof governance can convince or repel people from a given party (Leeet al., 2013, p.669).My father’s political observations and logical arguments thatinclined to the Democratic Party triggered me to consider theaffiliation as appropriate vehicle to achieve the American dream.

PresidentObama has also shaped my political opinion. First, he became thefirst African-American president in America. I consider it as ademonstration of the central theme of the Democratic Party toeradicate all biases related to race, religion or background.Recently, the president countered Donald Trump’s proposal ofbarring Muslim immigrants from entering the United States. Throughhis speech, Obama demonstrated that America would not participate inracial profiling in the 21stcentury. I consider his neutral stand as convenient for globalintegration.


Inconclusion, the political ideologies that people profess are shapedby different factors in their environments. My predominant Democraticfamily molded my cradle thoughts about the party, and I stillconsider the policies it professes as the most suitable in thecurrent society. The media is a source of valuable information, and Iremain updated by visiting different political websites, newspapers,and magazines. I also followed the events on the bombing of the WorldTrade Center and the hunt for Osama Bin Laden since the twodemonstrated the commitment of the leaders towards the citizens’security. Finally, the personality and policies adopted by PresidentObama towards former rivals and immigrants have influenced myattitude towards the political party of his affiliation.


Jeffrey,J. F. (2015). Why Counterinsurgency Doesn`t Work: The Problem Is theStrategy, Not the Execution. ForeignAffairs,94,178.

Jennings,M. K., &amp Niemi, R. G. (2015). Politicalcharacter of Adolescence: The Influence of Families and schools.Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Lee,N. J., Shah, D. V., &amp McLeod, J. M. (2013). Processes of A Communication Mediation Approach to YouthCivic Engagement. CommunicationResearch,40(5),669-697.

McDevitt,M. (2016). . TheInternational Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Communication.

Pye,L. W., &amp Verba, S. (2015). Politicalculture and political development.Princeton: Princeton University Press.