Old Testament


Relevanceof the Creation Story

Theexistence of the creation story in the Bible is of relevance, becauseit gives Hebrews a sense of origin, where all their spiritualityemanates. It gives a foundation to the Israelites faith. In thecreation story, God created the heavens and the earth making himindependent. On this fact, the supremacy of God is established, wherecreation has an obligation to its maker. This makes the manunderstand that God was before, is and always will be, he is eternal,on this understanding respect and adoration are cultivated for God.

Thecreation story also brings about the concept of responsibility wherethe man is given dominion over all creation and has the duty oftaking care of them, setting the pace for the nature of nurturing theenvironment (Coogan, 2009). Relationship and connection between manand God are established when He creates a man in his likeness andtaking the time to mold and breath him His life. Here God brings aspecial connection with humanity that is denied to other creations,thus establishing a bond between man and God.

Theconcept of marriage is born in the creation story where God seeingAdam’s loneliness molds a woman out of his rib to give him company(Coogan, 2009). This sets the pace for marriage between man and womanin early life. The creation story is also incorporated in the Bibleto bring about order, to show where humanity begins. It gives thereligious teachings of Israelites authenticity. It would be difficultfor the whole doctrine to have a valid standing if it lacked a storyof origin, from where everything can be traced from.

Accordingto the Dictionary of the Bible

Accordingto the Dictionary of the Bible, Pentateuch has two accounts ofcreation stories which are mutually irreconcilable and exist side byside (Hastings, Lambert &amp Mathew, 1909). The first Genesis storyaccounts for the introduction of the priestly code. The second inGenesis 2 opens the Yahwistic document. These two stories express thesame fundamental religious ideas, but differ greatly. The priest codestory begins by describing that there existed a dark abyss filledwith water from where light and order evolved.

Thestory fails to show exclusively that creation came out of nothing. Itfollows a series of eight fiats. The Dictionary also states that theformal features of creation are somehow artificial, but strategicallypremeditated and have a balanced organization of eight creation worksin a structure of six days. The story is quite arranged though thereisn’t a complete correspondence between the two sequences. Itclaims that the sequence was adopted in the importance and venerationof Sabbath law and that assimilation accounts for some irregularitiesthat appear to characterize the reliability of the creation order.

Thesecond narrative according to the Dictionary of the Bible depicts howthe earth was lifeless, and nothing could grow, and no man wasavailable to till the land. The idea of man superiority in thisnarrative is stressed. The stories emphasize the preparation of manto inhabit the earth through the creation of a garden which he couldoccupy and eat from. A noble companionship is created out ofloneliness from his body part. The expressed account of reference tothe well-being of a man in each story of creation makes itunbelievable whether the orderly account of the beginning of thingswas considered by the writer or if the writings are not to be takenas a mere literature work that has been produced by vital facts ofsociety and human life.

Thedivergence from the first story is so eminent to exclude the effortto blend the two or treat the second story of creation as acomplement to the first. Much creativity has been exhausted in theattempt to harmonize the Biblical narrative of creation in aconsensus with the facts revealed by up to date sciences of astronomyand geology. The formation of the sun and the moon and life afteralternation in days is a scientific impossibility. Without prejudice,the idea of creation in the Bible is at variance with the known factsof science.

Thecosmology story has become a conventional expression of themonotheistic belief in the . Different from othertheologian stories, it affirms that everything came from the will ofGod whose personality surpasses and exists independently of theuniverse. And the man was created in the likeness of God and iscrowned as the center of creation. The story of creationnevertheless, gives a spiritual truth which distinguishes it from allother creation stories, and thus it is ranked among most crucialrecords of revealed religions (Hastings et al., 1909).

Applicationin the Society

Everyoneneeds a home and a father to identify with the creation story givesmeaning and fills this void. Christians and those who practiceJudaism get the meaning of their existence from these stories. Also,human beings are honored and crowned as the jewel of all creation.They were given dominion and created in the likeness of God. Suchconnotations have been used in the society to show the value ofpeople in the eyes of God and fellow men.

Whena preacher walks to the podium and looks at the congregation andquotes those words, he/she gives a sense of worth and hope to peoplethat God cares about them. He created and gave them dominion over allliving creatures, after placing Adam and Eve in the Garden of Edenwhere they would enjoy every fruit of the land except the one ofknowledge and truth. Thus, the story of creation not only givesChristians identity but also a sense of worth by connecting themdirectly to God.

Godcreated a human out of His hands and breathed into him giving life,while the rest of creation was formed by a word of mouth let therebe and it was. But God gets dirty and out of dust, he creates forth aman. That action itself shows how God treasures humans, and it hasbeen used as a motivational instrument to inspire Christians byasserting that He knows and cares about us because he is our Fatherand Creator. Thus, the creation story has been used to show peopletheir purpose in this life and gives legitimacy to the worship ofGod.

Relevanceof David’s Anointing

`David was the youngest of the sons of Jesse, despite being young,God sent Samuel his prophet at that time to anoint him (Coogan,2009). God chose David of all his brothers for he looked not at aman’s physical appearance or lofty stature, but he looked at hisheart. The relevance of David’s anointing story is to remind peoplethat “not as a man see does God see”. The story was put there tobe used as an instrument of teaching against pride.

Goduplifted David, who was a harpist to Saul to replace him. This showsthat God creates any means and ways to exalt he whom he has favored,no matter your position in the society. Saul allowed him to serve forhe approved of him, this raised David’s stature. The relevance ofthis anointment is that God makes sure that the man whom he haschosen reaches his designed standing in the society. This part isalso relevant as it helps to uplift the spiritual and human status inthe society those who are low are highly motivated in that they canrelate directly to David’s story.

Everybodycan be lifted no matter your reputation or the views of man. God’sview of human life is the most important factor. The story wasrelevant in that time as God used David, who was meek to bring thegreatest reign and dynasty, breaking the significance of backgroundsin leadership. Also, the anointing of David has been used to show theextent to which God was willing to find a good king for Israeldespite earlier Him warning the Israelites against physical rulers.

Accordingto the Dictionary of the Bible

Accordingto the Dictionary of the Bible, David is the second and the greatestof Israel kings (Hastings et al., 1909). He belonged to the eightsons of Jesse from the Bethlehemite tribe of Judah. The Dictionaryclaims that the Hebrew text in some ways is very corrupt. The earlylife of David shows that he was a young man with the required courageand strength to be a custodian of sheep. He was more than a youthwhen he first appeared on the public scene. It adds that there arethree accounts of David’s early life.

In1 Samuel 16 1-13 David is depicted as a successor of Saul accordingto Yahweh. When Samuel is sent to anoint the designated King ofIsrael, he meets with seven sons of Jesse, but the Spirit does notanoint any. He thus questions whether there were any other childrenDavid is then brought and anointed. The graphic of the story isincomplete. A mere boy who no one cared about is presented as afuture king and according to the Israelites, leaders were chosen outof things they did, family lineage and their superiority. Saulhimself was a mighty man of valor.

Also,when we examine Jehu’s anointing in 1 Kings 19 and 2 Kings 9, hewas from a recognized family. Thus, the story of David soundsincomplete. The second account shows that David was already knownbecause he played the harp and also as an armor-bearer of Saul. Thethird version in 1 Samuel 17 is that David entered the public scenewhen the Israelites went to battle the Philistines as a mere errandto bring supplies to his elder siblings who were in the army. It isimportant to note that in the three accounts David is presented asthe beloved of Yahweh, harpist and final as a warrior which isclosely related to actual history (Hastings et al., 1909).

Applicationin the Society

TheKing David story of anointing has been inspirational to those whohave ever come across it. It upholds various ideas that many lobbygroups advocate this day. David was just a mere boy taking care ofsheep who was not in the eyes of his father recognizable to beappointed the reason he was not present when Samuel visited Jesse’shome. It encourages people no matter their past, nature andbackground they can be great.

Buta twist is witnessed God must intervene for the meek to be uplifted. These teachings have allowed Christians, Hebrews, the Israelites andpeople of all walks of life to welcome the ideology that anyone todaycan be used for God’s purpose, and it does not necessary mean aparticular family can serve God. The moral teachings have also beenrepresented in leadership positions which are not within the confinesof religion as people understand and appreciate the concept ofequality.

Theseprinciples have allowed people to trust a higher power to determinetheir fate than depend on their mightiness, thus instilling a virtueof humbleness in people. David was anointed as a result of pride ofPaul “a man of valor” which reflects the social construct of manypeople in this society. The life of David can be seen from variousleaders who arose from a very poor background to the high position ofpower. For instance, Obama is an orphan yet despite the challengesand his humble background he pushed, and he became the president ofthe mightiest nation on earth. Thus, the story of David’s anointinghas instilled the virtue of humbleness in many people and alsoincreased their trust in the will of God.

Relevanceof Job’s Suffering Story

Jobwas a very rich man (Coogan, 2009). Most rich people may forget theprovider of all their possession, and they may start worshipping it.Job’s story is included in peculiar time in the history ofIsraelites. The Israelites had a habit of complaining despite Godalways being there for them. For instance, when they were taken outof slavery some wished that it was better to die in Egypt than thedesert because they met a lot of challenges. So immorality and idolworshipping continued until it became necessary to have a moral storythat taught people the importance of perseverance.

WhenSatan was allowed by God to test Job, he lost all his property andhis children, but he did not turn his back on God. He knew that Godwas all he wanted in his life and had the power to give and take asHe wills. Job’s suffering was too much that even those who weredear to him as his wife, were sympathetic to a point they asked himto curse God. Despite Job’s suffering, he kept on worshipping Godbecause he understood that the one he serves was not a man, but themost Supreme Being. Job triumphed over all the tribulations becauseof the strong faith that he had in God.

Afterall the suffering, God blessed him. He was given a double of what hehad previously. He was also given the most beautiful daughters in thewhole world. This story is relevant as it teaches us that despite allthe challenges that we face in life we should depend on God and neverturn our backs on Him. Tribulations are inevitable in our dailylives Satan will tempt you so that he can win you over, but strongfaith in God will always help to endure the suffering. He will blessyou abundantly and make it flow over because He knows that you are astrong believer, and He can entrust you with bigger things.Christians ought to believe and trust the Lord completely even whenour mortal selves and family are in danger of death.

Accordingto the Dictionary of the Bible

Job,apart from his book and other few scriptures he is described inEzekiel as a righteous man (Hastings et al., 1909). This shows thatthe Jewish were familiar with him. The Bible dictionary regards Jobas a gentile, so is his friends. The dictionary asserts this becauseof the names that have been used to describe God, which are notdistinctively Jewish. It adds that the story does not share anythingto do with Israelites history and it is an independent excerpt. Thebook is written in a poetic form exploring the mystery of why justpeople suffer afflictions.

Jobdespite the many sufferings he longs for God, who he cannotunderstand. The answer from God at first is not clear, but as youcontinue to read, there is a suggestive response from Yahweh, whichdoes not reply to Job’s bitterness and cries, but reminds him ofthe wonders of Yahweh from where he draws his comfort. Also, in hissuffering an unforeseen being that inflicts suffering is revealed,which later leads to the manifestation of glory as he preserved andhe holds fast to his faith in God. In the book of Job, there is ayearning for something better, but it differs little with the lifehereafter of the (Hastings et al., 1909).

Godis depicted as peerless who saves people in His time. The bookexpresses the spiritual experience of Job as he changes moods but heis indestructible in his desire for God. The suffering of Job revealsthat afflictions come in every possible way which both his personalproperty and family members.

Applicationin the Society

Lifeis full of problems, and it does not matter whether you are aChristian or not. Job’s story has been used in many societies andcenturies to encourage people not to despair despite being intribulation for no good reason. Sometimes Christians suffer at thehands of persecutors unjustly, but they are advised not to stoop solow and repay evil with evil. Jesus teaches that when your enemystrikes you, turn the other cheek.

Hedied on the cross innocently and in His agony He asked His Father toforgive His persecutors. Jesus actions resonate around Job’s lifeexperience. Job lost everything he had except his wife, but he kept“it is well” attitude and humbled himself. Furthermore, he didnot curse God as he had been advised despite not knowing whether hispains would vanish. He persisted through harsh moments while beingfaithful to his Creator.

Thesame has been used to encourage and build Christians faith as theyare motivated to emulate the life and actions of Job and otherChristian examples that persevered through trials. Job’s lifeexperience has opened and amplified the lesson of meekness andfaithfulness while seeking God instead of lamenting when in trial. Itstresses the importance of spiritual growth and not succumbing toevil.

Justas Christ promises that in the world there will be trials and ourfaith should not fail, Job’s life is used to encourage Christiansthat despite what the evil promises, we should not switch sides asgood always defeats evil. Thus, the teaching of Job has been thereference point from where people who follow his teaching can relatewith in situations which demands to curse and utmost lamenting.


AmericanBible Society. (1962).&nbspTheHoly Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments.New York, NY: Author.

Coogan,&nbspM.&nbspD.(209).&nbspAbrief introduction to the : The Hebrew Bible in itscontext.New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Hastings&nbspJ.,Lambert,&nbspJ.&nbspA., &amp Mathew,&nbspJ.&nbspC.(1909).&nbspDictionaryof the Bible.New York, NY: Charles Scribner`s sons.

Meeks,&nbspW.&nbspA.(1996).&nbspTheHarperCollins study Bible New Revised Standard Version.New York, NY: HarperOne Inc.