NONADHERENCE TO LIFESTYLE CHANGES DURING PREGNANCY1
Nonadherence toLifestyle Changes During Pregnancy
Nonadherence to Lifestyle Changes during Pregnancy
At least 10% of pregnant women drink alcohol in the course of theirpregnancies, and this exposes them and their unborn babies to severalcomplications(Skagerstro, et al., 2011). Amedical doctor may detect that a pregnant woman is smoking if thelatter shows signs of tirelessness and shortness of breath. This isbecause tobacco reduces the amount of oxygen available to a woman andher unborn child. Symptoms that a woman is abusing drugs includesudden bleeding, poor appetite, problems making plans, and inabilityto recognize normal changes during pregnancy (Narconon Drug andAlcohol Rehabilitation and Education, 2015).
A pregnant woman who abuse drugs increase the chances of her unbornbaby developing complications that may trigger an abortion. For apregnant woman who smoke tobacco, her unborn baby may experiencealterations in the brain structure which may continue into earlyadolescence. A woman who takes illegal drugs during pregnancyincreases the likelihood of developing anemia and other bloodinfections (Narconon Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation and Education,2015). Additionally, alcohol intake by a pregnant woman may result inthe unborn child developing fetal alcohol syndrome. Some of thesymptoms of this condition include abnormal facial features such assmall palpebral fissures, an indistinct or smooth philtrum,macrocephaly, and a flat nasal bridge(Skagerstro, et al., 2011).
Some of the interventions available to pregnant women who smokecigarettes include counseling, nicotine replacement therapy,self-help materials, and antidepressants (U.S Department of Health &Human Services, 2016). NRT contains only nicotine and is free fromall lethal components found in cigarettes. For alcohol drinkingwomen, education may help address some of the misconceptions relatedto drinking during pregnancy. For instance, there exists amisconception that alcohol drinking during pregnancy result inincreased production of milk. For addicts, specialized inpatientdetoxification may be used to address this problem. Also, analcoholics anonymous group may be recommended to pregnant women whoare unable to control their drinking.
American Pregnancy Association. (2016). “Smoking during Pregnancy.”http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/smoking-during-pregnancy/
Skagerstro´m, J., Chang, G., & Nilsen, P.(2011). Predictors of Drinking During Pregnancy: A SystematicReview. Journal of Women`sHealth, 20(6), 901-913.
Narconon Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation and Education. (2015). “Druguse during Pregnancy.”http://www.drugrehab.co.uk/drug-use-pregnancy.htm
U.S Department of Health & Human Services. (2016). “SmokingCessation Interventions in Pregnancy and Postpartum Care.”http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/index.cfm/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?pageaction=displayproduct&productid=1423