Major Bones of the Body and One Muscle

MajorBones of the Body and One Muscle

Accordingto Thompson (2013), the human body has 206 bones that are attached byabout 500 distinct muscles. The majority of the bones form the humanskeleton therefore, the end of the bones is connected to otherbones. The following are the major bones and the muscles attached tothem.

Tibia– a lower leg bone attached to the hamstring, soleus and popliteusmuscle attach to the bone (Thompson, 2013).

Fibula– found in the lower leg. The hamstring, peroneus and soleusmuscles are attached to it (Thompson, 2013).

Femur– an upper leg bone linked to the gastrocnemius (a calf muscle) andglute muscles. The adductor, psoas major, iliacus and deep hiprotators are linked to the bone (Thompson, 2013).

Pelvis– some muscles attached to the bone include the hamstrings, glutes,deep hip rotators, and adductors. Other muscles connected to thebone include the Sartorius, rectus femoris and the abdominal musclessuch as the rectus abdominis and obliques (Thompson, 2013).

Scapula– some upper back muscles attached to it include levator scapula,rhomboids, and rapezius. On the upper end, the bicep and tricepsmuscles are linked to the scapula and then elongate to the elbowarea. The teres major, pectoralis minor and serratus anterior areconnected to the bone too (Thompson, 2013).

Humerus–the bone is attached to the four rotator cuffs, triceps, teres major,and deltoids muscles. Other muscles include the lower arm musclessuch as the brachioradialis and brachialis, as well as the pectoralismajor (Thompson, 2013).

Radius–It links with muscles such as biceps brachii, as well as the forearmmuscles like pronator teres and brachioradialis. Some thumb musclesare also attached to the bone (Thompson, 2013).

Ulna– it is attached to the thumb extensor muscles. Other musclesinclude the brachialis and the flexor (Thompson, 2013).

Mandible-Also known as the jawbone, it has four distinct muscles that areattached to it, including, the lateral pterygoid, medial pterygoid,temporalis, and masseter. All the muscles come in pairs (Mandible,2015)

Clavicle– Also known as the collarbone, the structure attachés todifferent shoulder and neck muscles such as deltoid, trapezius,pectoralis major and trapezius (Taylor, n.d).

Rib–some muscles attached to the rib bones include the external,interior, innermost and internal intercostals. Transversus Thoracismuscles are also locked to the ribs (Taylor, n.d).

Vertebra– they are found in the spinal column. Some muscles connected tothe bone column include lumbar, thoracic, and cervical muscles(Bridwell, n.d)

Phalanges– the bones are attached to flexor muscles, including, carpusulnaris, carpus radialis, palmaris lon gus and carpus ulnaris(Taylor, n.d).

Patella– also called the kneecap bone, it is attached to muscles such ashamstrings, calf and quadriceps muscles (Taylor, n.d).

Reference

Taylor,T. (n.d). Clavicle. Innerbody.Retrieved from http://www.innerbody.com/image_skelfov/skel15_new.html

Bridwell,K. (n.d). Spinal muscles: A comprehensive guide. SpineUniverse.Retrieved from http://www.spineuniverse.com/anatomy/spinal-muscles-1

Taylor,T. (n.d). Muscles of the knee. InnerBody. Retrieved from http://www.innerbody.com/image/musc09.html

Taylor,T. (n.d). Muscles of the hand and wrist. InnerBody. Retrieved from http://www.innerbody.com/image/skel13.html

Taylor,T. (n.d). Intercostal muscles. InnerBody. Retrieved from http://www.innerbody.com/image_chest1/chest01.html

Thompson,L. (2013, Aug. 6). List of muscles attached to major bones of body.LiveStrong. Web. Retrieved on 21 July 2016 fromhttp://www.livestrong.com/article/54072-list-muscles-attached-major-bones/

Mandible,(2015, Feb 5). Healthline. Web. Retrieved fromhttp://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/mandible