Linux operating system

Linuxoperating system

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Linuxoperating system has been serving the technological world since themid-1990s. According to Wang,Xiao, Su, Qi &amp Xu (2013),Linux is applied in every aspect of technology that requires anoperating system. Some of these technologies include the smartphones,the vehicles we use every day and computers. Many people may notrealize how frequently they use the software while others may denyhaving used it, but we apply it to our technological devices. Anoperating system refers to a program that controls the hardware partsof computers(Singh, 2008).Linux runs a significant number of devices responsible for supplyingthe internet, and it is the operating system in mainframe computersand is also used in stock exchange programs.

Operatingsystem manages the interaction between a computer`s software andhardware. Operating systems consist of such components as bootingsoftware, which enhances a computer start up the kernel, whichmanages the CPU peripheral devices and the computer memory. Linux isthe kernel of the operating system. Other components of the operatingsystem (OS) are background features called daemons. Linux commandline enhances the use of computers through processing of commands.There are also graphical servers, desktop environment andapplications that make the use of computers easy and efficient.

Linuxusers have grown to significant numbers that influence industries andcontinents(Shotts, 2012).For system administrators, Linux helps to simplify operations. WithLinux, you only require setting a program and no follow-ups arerequired to assess the performance of the program. Linux servers runfor years without being rebooted which shows the reliability of theOS(Wang, Xiao, Su, Qi &amp Xu, 2013).Hochstetler(2007), states that&nbspLinuxis an operating system built by the people and for the people. Thisphilosophy enhances the adoption of the operating system by manyusers.

Linuxis of high quality and has many easily accessible application titles(Hochstetler, 2007).Many modern Linux distributions have app store-like devices thatprioritize and ease applications installation. For instance, theUbuntu Linux hosts the Ubuntu software center that enhances fastretrieval of software among loads of other software and installs themfrom a prioritized site. Linux developed into the most reliabletechnological operating system in the world. sare free to install and contain the best features for computers.Linux is a stable operating system that has eliminated malware issuessuch as viruses that affect the way computers run(Shahzad, Shahzad &amp Farooq, 2013).The distribution of Linux follows an open source certificate.

Linuxhas developed various versions for different types of consumers.Almost all of these versions are free on the internet. Linux versionssuch as Ubuntu, Deepening, and Linux Mint are suitable for the peoplewith basic computer skills while the advanced users can installdistributions such as Debian or Fedora. Gentoo is the most advancedversion of Linux (Shotts,2012).The installation of operating systems seems to be a daunting task formost computer users. However, Linux has simplified the installationprocess such that one can even run the OS from an external devicesuch as a universal serial bus flash drive without causing changes toyour hard disk. It implies that the application can run even withoutinstalling it on the computer.

Accordingto Singh(2008), thereare many similarities between Linux and other operating systems. Inmost cases, the software developers have developed a Linux version ofthe features in other operating systems. Linux is highly customizablebecause it is not just applications that can be swapped out, theusers can select from some core components including system graphicsand user-interface features. Those companies and individuals whoprefer to use Linux as their servers enjoy high-security levels, andthere is adequate support from the massive user base of the operatingsystem(Wang, Xiao, Su, Qi &amp Xu, 2013).Some user companies offer commercial support, for instance, thecanonical company and the red hat company.

Thetrademark name “Linux” originates from the company’s creatorLinus Torvalds. Linux kernel is crafted in the computer programminglanguage and incorporates a little bit of assembly and otherlanguages. Linux offers a broad range of freedom for its users. Apartfrom the readily available distros, one can freely give thedistribution to other people, as it has an open license. One canprogram their distribution to their liking. Linux is easier toinstall than Windows. Hochstetler(2007), notes that Linuxoperating system rarely malfunctions. When Linux crashes, only a fewfeatures go down but not the whole system. Theblank-blue-screen-death of Windows is unfamiliar to Linux users. Manycomputer viruses are designed to attack Windows through the Active xfeature (Shotts,2012).Linux lacks such a feature, therefore, cutting down its vulnerabilityto viruses. Linux users download and install software only from theirdistribution’s certified software application stores ensuringhigh-security levels.

Oneparticular security characteristic with Linux is that files are onlyexecutable by the administrator because a password is created toblock out unauthorized users. This feature implies that if a virusfinds its way into a Linux computer, it cannot run without theadministrator intentionally executing it. Another feature adding tothe Linux security is the openness of its source. As the code isavailable and viewable to many people, it is always examined makingit tough for malware to hide within the system. Security alerts getconveyed quickly with Linux as many people are using the OS than theother operating systems(Shahzad, Shahzad &amp Farooq, 2013).

Linuxcomputers do not slow down when performing various tasks. Reducedcomputer processing speed is a condition caused by the prevalence ofmalware in the computer systems. The reason why Linux computers donot slow down is that unlike Windows, Linux has no logging sites formalware and Trojans (Wang,Xiao, Su, Qi &amp Xu, 2013).This feature qualifies the software as the best option for companyoperations as it is less likely to compromise their operations.Another feature that enhances the efficient running of theapplication is that it has no registry features like the otheroperating systems. Therefore, the software cannot, host registryerrors that can compromise the speed of the computers over time. Alsounlike Windows, Linux hard drives do not require defragmentation.

Accordingto Wang,Xiao, Su, Qi &amp Xu (2013), Linuxcan revive the dormant computers. Once the software is installed, itruns faster, and one can perform all the basic tasks such as browsingthe internet, sending emails, playing games PowerPoint presentations,creating and editing documents with the old computers, previouslyconsidered as obsolete. This feature creates new uses for the oldmaterials and thus the software can help both individuals andcompanies to cut down on the cost of acquiring new computers wherethey choose to install Linux on the old computers and use theminstead.

Linuxalso has a variety of distributions with different features,therefore, giving clients a range of variety to choose from based onindividual needs. Many innovations occurring in Linux are catalyzedby of its open source. The popular distributions such as OpenSUSE,PCLinuxOS and Ubuntu have good software options within theirapplication managers. One can access any software from these sitesthat give a person a range of choices to fit their particular needs.One can download some applications such as games, educationalapplications, office applications among others. Some smallerdistributions such as Peppermint are based on Ubuntu and hence canaccess Ubuntu’s application repositories. These applications arealready tested for safety and compatibility, therefore, eliminatingany doubts of their efficiency. There is also a central packagemanagement system where Linux users can update their software in anefficient and secure process.

Choosingthe best computer operating systems can be daunting and frustratingfor computer users (Shotts,2012).Linux has a range of advantages from excellent packages,affordability, and flexibility. Linux programs are easy to use whilethe machines that use the ensure soundmanagement reputation, as they are flexible to meet thespecifications required. The reasons why Linux stands out as anoperating system are many. It might be due to its affordability whencompared to other operating systems it is also a very secure andhighly protected OS. A flexible operating system is a quality thatattracts many people. It increases people`s control over theiroperations and not the other way round. The software is also fast andefficient thus quicker execution of commands, which saves lots oftime and energy. Therefore, it is, true to say that the Linuxoperating system supersedes many other types of operating systemscommonly used around the globe. Linux has many quality features thatare suitable for both the individual and institutional applications.It is also an engaging operating system.

References

Hochstetler,S. (2007).&nbspTuningLinux OS on System P the Power of Innovation.[United States?]: IBM, International Technical Support Organization.

Shahzad,F., Shahzad, M., &amp Farooq, M. (2013). In-execution dynamicmalware analysis and detection by mining information in processcontrol blocks of Linux OS.&nbspInformationSciences,&nbsp231,45-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ins.2011.09.016

Shotts,W. (2012).&nbspTheLinux command line.San Francisco: No Starch Press.

Singh,V. (2008).&nbspLinuxOS fundamentals.New Delhi: Computech Publications.

Wang,Z., Xiao, L., Su, X., Qi, X., &amp Xu, X. (2013). On theOptimization of Real Time Performance of Software Defined Radio onLinux OS.&nbspCN,&nbsp05(03),292-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/cn.2013.53b2054