Integrative Approach to Counseling

IntegrativeApproach to Counseling

Thespecific issue

Asa counselor, my aim is to enhance recovery and prevent psychologicalbreakdown among the patients. My target is to counsel students in thelocal high school. Most of the students within the high school areimmigrants who lack adequate English knowledge. Due to thediversified cultures, as a therapist, I ought to be sensitive not todemean their beliefs. Apart from the immigrant children, the schoolalso hosts students whose parents are in the military. Such studentsmove from one country to another regularly. In that regard, they findit hard to make new friends or form strong relations. Thisintegrative approach will look to comprehend the various experiencesof these students and derive an effective plan on how to assist them.

Keyconcepts of the approach

Allthe counseling theories are valid in this case. This is because allof them apply distinct techniques to tackle particular issues.Nevertheless, some theories are more suited for the day to day schoolcounseling. In addition to that, they are more applicable to studentshaving emotional challenges.

TheAdlerian Therapy is chief among the key techniques I would adopt. Asper this technique, human behavior does not necessarily depend on theenvironment and heredity. The human nature strives to attain success,perfection, and completion. In that respect, everybody is capable ofinterpreting, influencing, and developing activities. Comprehendingeach other’s systems is core to understanding people. In otherwords, it is appropriate to have detailed information about people toeffectively understand them. Therefore, concerning the high schoolstudents, I would collect detailed info about them regardingattitudes, challenges, and goals among others. I would also want toknow their perception of life. This phenomenon is referred to asphenomenological that involves a person’s feelings, conclusions,convictions, thoughts, beliefs, perceptions, and values. All theseelements are distinctively evident in each. According to the AdlerianTherapy, encouragement is a powerful feature that can be utilized tochange an individual’s beliefs. By encouraging the students, it iseasier to influence their future choices. By focusing on the futuregoals, I would help the students to comprehend themselves to makeappropriate choices. The students will also be responsible for anyactions pertaining their futures [ CITATION Cor16 l 1033 ].

ThePsychoanalytic Therapy is also appropriate in this case. As per thistherapy, the unconscious power can influence how we behave, think,and feel. In addition to that, dreams are effective elements thatassist individuals to realize their central struggles, visions aboutthe future, and internal conflicts. As entailed in the therapy, pastdeeds, and early distressing childhood experiences can preventindividuals from living healthily and happily. People grow sociallysolving various events in their life. A core issue among high schoolstudents is the identity versus role misperception conflicts. It isan adolescent group striving to identify acclimatize to the differentbody changes. At this transitional stage, most of them get confusedand make inappropriate decisions that are injurious to their futures.Therefore, in this therapy, I would use lifestyle assessment methodproposed by Adler to establish the family backgrounds of thestudents. Additionally, it would reveal their childhood experiencesthat may be impacting on them currently. This technique willeffectively determine factors influencing the student’s futurechoices. It would, therefore, assist me as the counselor to offerappropriate guidance [ CITATION Cor16 l 1033 ].

Realitytherapy is another important part of the approach. It is founded on anotion that mental illness emanates from a person’s unsatisfyingcurrent relations. In order to maintain stable relations, we mustavoid force, blame, complain, coerce, or blame. The destructivebehaviors ought to be replaced by favorable ones such as caring,encouraging, love, acceptance, support, listening, and trusting.People have five primary needs, i.e. love and belonging, survival,fun, freedom, and power. Acceptance of personal responsibilityassists people to avoid putting the blame on others whenever there isan issue. Though these assertions are entirely right, I stillconsider a therapeutic value exists while acknowledging pastincidents. Once a client recognizes a past deed that is pullinghim/her back, they can embark on dealing with the present and future.As therapists, I will ensure my clients are offered adequate carewithout acts of blame or complaint [ CITATION Cor16 l 1033 ].

Utilizingthe Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) will also be a chiefresponsibility of my approach. The way people perceive problemscontributes to their psychological disorders. Our emotions,behaviors, and cognitions interact considerably and possessreciprocal causes and effect relations. I comprehend the intricacyinvolved in the mind. This therapy will assist adolescents who areentangled in low self-esteem issues while attempting to identify withthemselves. The theory champions realization of negative thoughts andreplacing them with positive ones. It is my role to discover thenegative thoughts in my patients, and help them to become positivethinkers. It is also my belief that an individual requires relatingclosely with another person to become emotionally stable. Heighteningthe mental strength of the patients will be my sole responsibility [ CITATION Cor16 l 1033 ].

Counselingconcepts I would employ

Byusing the Cognitive Behavior Therapy, my students and I will explorethe prospected advantages and barriers that may affect change. Iwould then assist them to realize how they can effect changesuccessfully. The first bit would be to set realistic goals that areachievable either in the short or long terms. The achievable targetswill boost the student’s morale. I would initiate a motivationalinterview section to assist the students in creating divergencebetween what is ideal and the present situation. That way, they wouldfeel comprehended thereby confronting the resistances. Self-efficacywould be attained through reinforcements to motivate the students andmake them understand that change is not impossible. The scales ofchange criterion will be used to assist the students to achievesuccess. In this criteria, the student notes down the things he/sheanticipates to do, and on one side place the benefits it would bringas well as the negative impacts. In that manner, I would assist themto deal with the challenges [ CITATION Cor16 l 1033 ].

TheRational Behavior Therapy (ABCDE) is another component that I mustutilize to deal with students having irrational beliefs. The ABCDEtechnique disputes and alters the irrational beliefs to achievepositive outcomes. A is activating the event, B the belief, C theemotional consequence, D disputing intervention, E the new effect,and F the new feeling. It is my responsibility to show my studentshow they would change the irrational beliefs and instill rationalones. Thought records and diaries would be utilized to identify whatthe student believes and how I can be helpful to him/her.

TheRational Emotive Imagery is another technique I would use. In thisapproach, I would tell the young individuals to state what they wantto achieve in approximately five or ten years. They would note themdown so that I can assist them to devise a framework. It is aproductive mechanism of setting goals and striving to achieve them.


Corey, G. (2016). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy 10th Edition.