ThesisStatement: played a significant role in transforming lives ofAmericans this was through advancement in the mode in which taskswere performed by mechanization, and utilization of improved carriagesystems as well as communication network. All these events occurredprior to the First World War, thus‚ fostering growth and improvedliving standards, in America and also in the entire world in general‚hence boosting productivity.
Industrialrevolution resulted in drastic change in lifestyle of individuals.The two categories of people who benefited mostly were the upperclass and middle classes. Evidently, these two groups were composedof individuals with a lot of wealth and material endowment. Duringthis era, even though these classes could afford to pay for productsand services at relatively high prices, there was significant fall inprices of commodities which led to further improvement of standardsof living.
Withmore advancement in industrial industrialization middle class membersbecame more stable hence forming new universities‚ libraries andschools. All above measures were taken to provide quality educationto inhabitants who were expanding at high rates. Since these twocategories of individuals received quality treatment services, hencethey were less vulnerability to diseases. The following were commonoccupations of members of class accountants‚ merchants andshopkeepers thus being able to raise to higher class easily althoughworking environment was not much conducive and work involved wasquite repetitive in nature. Many members of middle class crowded intocities as they shifted to seek employment opportunities so as tosustain their families. The income generated from working wasutilized to take advantage of newly created products by upcomingindustries, which included furniture, clothing materials, henceimproving in standards of living. Another paramount advantage accruedby members of this class was children could get quality educationwhich even raised further with subsequent generation.
Thepoor (Middle class)
Livingstandards for poor population advanced negatively, meaning theybecame poorer than before. Before industrialization this group ofpeople relied more on agriculture after which they were employed inthe industries that were paying lower wages. The disadvantage of thisshift was even if the whole family could spend all time working inthese companies still the family could not secure a decent life styleas payment was too low for them. Also, their children could notreceive quality education and health faculties.
Upperclass was composed of rich people who owned most of factories. Due toimproved capacity of production, goods were sold at relatively lowprices, hence creating huge volumes of profit margins for the owners.Also less cost could be incurred due to less cost of labor.
Duringthis period ‘working’ class employees were replaced withmachines, and the ones that were lucky to remain in employment werepaid low wages. However, applications of machines contributed togreat growth of production capacity in companies. Only people who hadexperience and creativity were lucky enough to be absorbed in thesecompanies to operate machines.
Theindustrial revolution affected Americans in three aspects whichincludes: -politics‚ economy, and agriculture. During this era,agriculture was transformed by harnessing new farming methods andtools. Such methods incorporated the use of fertilizers ‚newmethods of harvesting crops such as combined harvester and rearinganimals. The cumulative impact of all these led to increased levelsof food products in the agricultural sector.
Steampowered machines replacing animal power. The advantage of this was‚huge workload could be done within few hours. Animals which were usedprior industrial revolution could get tired easy thus the only smallpiece of work could be done per unit time thus less productioncapacity. American could be able to have positive impacts oninternational trade (Attack,2008).
Improvementof living standards of middles class Centralization of businessenterprises within the main cities led people to shift from ruralareas to offer labor to manufacturing plants. Wages and salariesearned out of employment were used in various ways by householdswhich revolutionary changed the way of life of people. In this regardwealth individuals who were the owners of the companies accumulatedmore wealth hence shifting the gap between the poor and rich in thesociety.
AfricanAmerican during this era‚ gap between Native Americans and AfricanAmericans expanded further which resulted in segregation hencedevelopment of marketing places on southern parts was very much as oflimited and redundant as compared to Northern areas.
Expansionof Lower class and middle-class workers increased number ofindustries led to the expansion of middle class as skilled lowerclass professionals advanced their standards of living upon beingemployment in companies and farms. Labor Unions were whichfacilitated defending the rights of employees and creating standardbargaining front.
Reductionof physical labor: As a result of mechanization people embraced theuse of machines in various farm processes than animal power thiscontributed to many people to be laid off. The concept ofurbanization into extent limited capacity of farmers` production.Secondly‚ no government regulations were provided by thegovernment.
NativeAmerican‚ as a result of industrial revolution urban centersexperienced growth which consequently led to narrowing of the lowerclass.
Womenright: education programs and job opportunities were created whichempowered women to participate in various social forums in society.Furthermore‚ reforms contributed to lower class members to workthus leading them to work under low wages and salaries.
Waysthrough which industrial revolt affected the lives of workingpopulation of American people.
Poorliving and working condition overcrowding of cities caused healthproblems to people more so as a result of poor sanitation. The sameway as in today whereby‚ major cities which accommodate a vastnumber of people have a problem regarding drainage system because themany towns are densely populated households and factories tend todispose of effluents in rivers which cause serious sanitation issuedue to blockage of drainage systems. Thus creating serious healthcatastrophe and health concerns to the residents.
Increasedcases of underpayment during industrial revolt many workers becomeselfish whereby they worked for long hours even under low wage rate.Nowadays this is the same trend in which people tend to create moretime to work extra further in place of working in specified shiftshence giving room to others. Consequently, standards living manypeople unemployed especially when combined with automation of variousfarm and industrial processes.
Improvedproduction as a result of the introduction of mechanization ‚factories were able to boost their production capacity. The number ofproduction runs per unit time was enhanced which significantly hadgreat a positive impact on meeting expanding market demand. Despitehuman and animal power which gets exhausted with time machines areflexible even in to extend that sometimes are run by robots withoutdirect control by operator thus supporting production processes torun across the day (Hirschman,& Mogford, 2009).
Improvedstandards of living‚ Industrial Revolution led to the production ofnew products and services in an efficient manner. For instance,people could afford to get enough food stuff at good and favorableprices, and they could also sell the surplus or exchange them withother quality products and services which not afford. Consequently‚you find that their way of life improved positively (Julian‚2009).
Increasedsense of creativity and responsibility urbanization contributed tothe improved level of inventiveness and accountability‚ asformation of companies demanded workers who has the capability inadapting to new environment and different mode of operations. As itis well known, growth of urban center is a function of variousaspects that involve expansion of residential areas and industrialzone to accommodate a larger number of industries. For a worker toremain relevant in area of his specialization‚ he or she must keepupdated to new mode of technology, since it is dynamic and usuallyadvancing. Moreover‚ creativity is required in case change involvedis not substantial for an individual to comprehend even in the courseof production some production processes needs one to improviseproduction need in case a client has placed commodities which are notof the same features as ones typically produced by the company.
Atack,J., (2008) Industrial Structure and the Emergence of the ModernIndustrial Corporation. Retrieved fromhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/4950183_Industrial_Structure_and_the_Emergence_of_the_Modern_Industrial_Corporation
H.,Mogford, E &Hirschman, C Mogford, E., (2009) Immigration and theAmerican Industrial Revolution from 1880 to 1920. Retrieved fromhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2760060/
Julian ‚H(2009).Understanding the Industrial Revolution.The Historical Journal.(30)1. 211 ­ 224