India-Pakistani Conflict



Adeney,K. (2013). Federal Instability in Pakistan. In A. Katharine,Federalismand Ethnic Conflict Regulation in India and Pakistan(pp. 137-162). London: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Inthis book, the author compares India and Pakistan in the seventhchapter. The section provides reasons behind the failure of Pakistanto attain territorial integrity. The need for developing effectiveinstitutions is emphasized. The effects of religious politics arefurther discussed for instance the unwillingness of the Muslim Leagueto compromise with any language and regional identities. A comparisonwith the Hindu religion is also described. The Hindu Brother’seffect on linguistics and segregation is mentioned. Religiousconflicts have also been illustrated more so between the Sunnis andShias. This is coupled with the involvement of external powers, forinstance, Saudi Arabia and Iran, who fund diverse Islamic sects.

Blahnik,T. (1999). AHistory of the Conflict between India and Pakistan with Interventionfrom the United Nations.Ethics of Development in a Global Environment.

Thisarticle identifies the fundamental reasons for conflict asoccupation, religion and political factors. The central theme of thissection is the role of the United Nations throughout the entireconflict era from the beginning until now. In a step by stepillustration, the alternating situations from 19th to the 20thcentury are provided. Ultimately, the writing assists in thehistorical comprehension of the happenings throughout the region.

Heo,U. &amp. (2003). Conflictin Asia: Korea, China-Taiwan, and India-Pakistan.Westport: Praeger.

Inthis book, the authors identify three main areas within Asia that areconsidered as highly volatile regions. The places mentioned areunstable both politically and militarily including North Korea,China, and Taiwan. The authors here argue that the close of the ColdWar did little or nothing to extinguish the geopolitical conflicts inAsia. The primary reasons for such conflicts are identified asterritories and ethnicity. Similarly, nuclear races between India andPakistan. Likewise, China and Taiwan are not in real terms since theWorld War. Involvement of the United States in the aspects of tradeand human rights has become problematic due to the presence ofconflicting interests, thus making policy development and enactment ahard task to perform. However, the book also goes on to mention thatin the case of any war eruption between the three cases, the UnitedStates would have to be involved.

Hogg,W. (2011). South Asia`s Embedded conflict: understanding theIndia-Pakistan rivalry. In T. Paul, TheIndia-Pakistan Conflict: An Enduring Rivalry(pp. 251-266). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thecontributor to this section directs us to have a closer look at thefixed issues within the conflict. As such, the examined factors inthis section include the balance of power both globally and withinthe war zone, nuclear weapons, politics, identity, economics andtrade, power distribution and religious factors. Different from otherauthors, the editor of this volume utilizes relations paradigms likerealism and power balance to give a clearer understanding. The bookis useful in providing an insight that by finding a comprehensiveexplanation of the underlying factors, long-term working solutionscan be generated and implemented.

Kapur,A. (2012). Major powers and the persistence of the India–Pakistanconflict. In T. V. Paul, TheIndia-Pakistan Conflict: An Enduring Rivalry(pp. 131-155). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Eversince the advent of the war between India and Pakistan, the twocountries have not been able to resolve their differences and put anend to their issues. Despite the attempts to bring peace, most of theefforts were either abandoned or failed to kick off. This paper looksat the Powers that have been involved in the mediation process,especially China and the United States. The author focuses onexplaining the role of the countries which have tried to help to putto rest the rivalry. On top of that, the article also explains thatthis conflict is a facet of international politics, especiallyinvolving the US and the USSR. This work gives more insight on therole of the Superpowers in either reducing or increasing thecontention between India and Pakistan.

Lyon,P. (2008). ConflictBetween India and Pakistan.Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO.

Theauthor of this encyclopedia delves deep into the ongoing conflictbetween India and Pakistan from independence to the present day.These two states have engaged in battle three times, and they havealso come close to engaging in open warfare. The book describes theinfluential individuals who took part in the formation of the twostates and it further goes on to illustrate the culture, economics,politics, religion and foreign as well as local laws which havefuelled the conflicts. Apart from these features, the writerexpressly provides information regarding the cities and town thathave been directly affected such as Jammu, Srinagar, and the SiachenGlacier. In a sequential manner, the encyclopedia describes the yearby year happenings concerning the Indo-Pakistan relations.

Nasr,V. (2010). National identities and the India–Pakistan conflict. InT. V. Paul, TheIndia–Pakistan Conflict: An Enduring Rivalry(pp. 178-201). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thisarticle sheds more light on the causes and changing aspects of theconflict. The main reason behind the sources of war is identity. Inthis case, the character is taken to mean ethnicity and language.Furthermore, it is also a facet that describes politics, the state,general societal values, and interests, various political actors andthe regional constituencies that exist. The perceptions to theseforms of identities are derived from religious and politicalideologies. National identity is identified as the leading cause ofPakistan-India unrest. Religious identity has further fuelled thealready present instability, although the exact impact is unknown.This book, therefore, provides a critical outlook of the character asa major player in conflict eruption.

Paul,T. (2005). TheIndia-Pakistan Conflict: An Enduring Rivalry.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thebook begins by acknowledging the India-Pakistani rivalry as one ofthe most persistent conflicts of this era. Since the making of thetwo states, there have been continuous and periodic events of war andcrises. These clashes have led to the diminished relationshipsbetween the countries and despite efforts of reconciliation, theconfrontation does not seem to reduce. Using comparative politics andrelations theories, the writers of this book attempt to provideexplanations for the persistence of this enmity. The factors thathave been described herein include distribution of power regionally,power politics, territory issues, nuclear weapons development and useand the national identity and ethnicity problems. Apart from theidentification of factors influencing eternal hostility, the bookapplies the findings to offer possible solutions that can worktowards alleviating this long-term difficulty.

Schofield,J. (2014). Institutional causes of the India–Pakistan rivalry. InT. V. Paul, TheIndia–Pakistan Conflict: An Enduring Conflict(pp. 225-248). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thiswork alludes that the ongoing conflict between India and Pakistan hasbeen occurring for a long time but with varying intensity. The twodifferent regimes in the two states are identified and their rolesanalyzed. The book, therefore, indicates that there is a relationshipbetween the type of rule and the outcome. Apparently, some regimeshave increased tension and disputes while others have decreased themto a considerable extent. The author tries to explain why the Indiandemocracy is less likely to perpetuate war while Pakistan’sauthoritarian and military rule seems to escalate the rivalry. All inall the article provides information concerning the need to evaluatethe regime types for more insight.

Schofield,V. (2010). Kashmirin Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unending War.London: I.B.Tauris Publishers.

VictoriaSchofield in this book gives relevant answers to the concernssurrounding inter-state disputes and nuclear threats. It alsodiscusses the role of Kashmir’s separatist movement in the ongoingthreats of war and instability. Beginning from a historicalperspective, the author illustrates the growth of Kashmir from anindependent kingdom to a battleground situated between two nuclearPowers. The origins of these stand-offs are observed to have begun inthe 19th century. The information contained herein is impeccablesince it takes us through the genesis of the war, an assessment ofmilitary prowess between the two sides and also the overall historyof Jammu and Kashmir. The relevance of this article is founded on theidentification of the source of the conflict as well as the currentsituation in the valley of Kashmir.

Wirsing,R. (2004). India,Pakistan, and the Kashmir Dispute: On Regional Conflict and itsResolution.New York: St. Martins Press.

Wirsingprovides one of the most researched, thoughtful and balancednarration of the dispute between India and Pakistan. The accuracy andbright illustrations provide the reader with more information andanalyses about the causes and effects of the engagement. Similar to afew other articles, the author suggests recommendations for endingthe long-lasting stalemate. He suggests the reduction of militarypersonnel in Kashmir and also commends the partial cease-fire in 1992due to fears of escalating the conflict to greater levels. However,the book, later on, describes an adverse scenario in which Indiaattempts to destroy the separatist movement in Kashmir andsubsequently relinquish all negotiations. At the same time, Pakistanwill be playing the Spoiler.