Imaging Science


ARadiology Information System (RIS) such as an Electronic MedicalRecord (EMR) is a network software that enables distribution,storage, and manipulation of patient radiology imagery and records(Hawkes,2013). Thissystem also manages both the operational and administrative functionsand roles of radiology. It is the core system of the management ofimaging departments electronically. Its main functions includescheduling of patients to various radiologists, management ofresource inflow and outflow, distribution of the results and theoverall billing process (Hawkes,2013). Itconsists of Hospital Information Systems (HIS) and Picture Archivingand Communication System (PACS). PACS relates to conducting of x-raysand ultrasounds and emailing or faxing the results to the respectivedoctors. The essay blow discusses the capabilities of the RadiologyInformation Systems as well as its pros and cons.

TheCapabilities of the Radiology Information System Based on Current andFuture Needs

TheElectronic Medical Record (EMR) has several capabilities. It supportspatient registration and scheduling, management of patient list,management of department workflow, reporting of results andprintouts, delivery of the results through the Emailing and Faxing ofthe clinical records, tracking of patients, the creation of technicalfiles, and management of inflow and outflow of materials.

AnElectronic Medical System acts a database management system in whichall operations are conducted electronically and stored in a database(Hawkes,2013). Forexample, the electronic medical system registers patients, schedulesthem for an appointment, manages their list and the flow of work inseveral departments, a technical file is created for each patientwhere the doctor in charge reports the results, prints them out andsends them via email or fax to the head doctor.

TechnicalCapabilities in Terms of Security, Privacy, Department Workflow,Storage of Data, Physician Viewing, and Price Relative to Capacity

TheElectronic Medical Record (EMR) also has technical capabilities.These technical capabilities relate to the security of the patientrecords and all the data of the organization, the privacy of patientdata and records, the flow of work in every department, the storageof data, the viewing of the results by a specialized physician, andthe pricing strategy.

Concerningthe security of patient records and data, several backups have beenmade on the electronic medical record and firewalls have been createdto prevent hacking and cracking of the passwords. Firms have usedthis system to maintain the privacy of their patient records byinstalling passwords and only granting access to the records toauthorized personnel. The electronic information record has alsoensured that departmental workflow is possible by centralizing of thecomputers (Hawkes,2013). Here,the client is responsible for the processing and storage of datathereby preventing the manipulation of patient data. The system hasensured that data is stored in the client computer and backed up inthe workstations. When an enterprise uses the electronic informationrecord, a physician can be able to view the images and diagnose thehealth issue. Lastly, the electronic medical record (EMR) is able tooffer the pricing strategy for different services depending on thecomplexity and technicality of the service.

WhetherI Would Recommend the System and Reasons

Iwould definitely recommend the system for several reasons. TheElectronic Medical Record ensures smooth flow of work from departmentto department thereby minimizing time wastage. Results are also sentvia email and fax reducing wastage of the available resources. When acompany implements the system, they are able to track its patientsand manage its resources thereby reducing the chances ofirregularities occurring. I would also recommend the electronicmedical record since it ensures privacy and security of patient dataand records and enables storage of the information for futureretrieval (Hawkes,2013).Generally, the system acts as a database system where all records anddata of a company are processed and stored in the main computer orthe client computer thus giving room for centralization. Here,secrecy and privacy of the company data is made possible as only theauthorized personnel can access the records, as one would requirelogins to access them (Hawkes,2013). Lastly,I would recommend the system since it performs all the administrativeand operational work of the hospital institution.

Prosand Cons of Purchasing the System

TheElectronic Medical Record has several pros and cons. Purchasing anRIS would be beneficial as the cost is minimal. This is because thecompany will only pay the purchase price of the system and nointerests will be paid. Second, purchasing an RIS is advantageoussince the system will become an asset to the company (Hawkes,2013). Bythis, I mean organizations will have to lay off some workers sinceevery operation will be automation. Reduction in the costs of thefirm will increase the returns of the company in the long haul. Onthe disadvantages, an RIS will influence a company financially sinceit will have to spend some amount of money, which would affect itscash flows. Its useful life is 5 to 10 years. After the end of theuseful life of the RIS, the company will have to maintain itregularly. This implies that they will be incurring regular repairand maintenance costs implying a reduction in the company returns.


AnRIS is an important asset of a company. I would recommendorganizations to install this system because it will enable smoothflow of operations within departments as well as enhance the internalcontrol system of firms by ensuring security and privacy of data.


Hawkes,P. (2013). Advancesin imaging and electron physics.Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Academic Press. Retrieved on 27 July2016.