How Can Public Health Professionals Contribute to Achieving and Maintaining a Healthy and Fit American Nation? Background

HowCan Public Health Professionals Contribute to Achieving andMaintaining a Healthy and Fit American Nation?


Thehealthcare fraternity in the United States of America has alwaysfocused on the concepts of nutrition and physical exercise in thequest to bring down the number of deaths caused by chronic ailments.Research has shown that about 300,000-570,000 people in the USAsuccumb to death, annually, as a result of poor nutrition practicesand being inactive physically (Fielding, Teutsch, and Koh, 2012). Thedeaths were attributed to cases of diabetes, overweight, stroke,blood pressure, and cardiovascular implications. Statistics that werecollected in the year 1990 confirmed that over 14% of the numbers ofdeath in the USA were as a result of unhealthy diet and physicalinactivity while other studies attributed the death to the sedentarylifestyle that was common among the US citizens (Fielding et al,2012). Research carried out and published in the American journal,estimated that almost 80% of the American population do not consumeadequate fruits, more that 60% do include low levels of vegetables intheir diet while more than 64% heavily consume foodstuff with a highsaturation of fats (Fielding et al, 2012). It pointed out that thediets of the larger population contained a high percentage of fatsand calories but lacked the critical minerals like calcium. Physicalexercises on a regular basis are necessary for a healthy life. Peoplewho have adopted a sedentary lifestyle characterized by physicalinactivity are twice prevalent to develop heart complicationscompared to the individuals who are active physically. In fact, aperson who is physically inactive is exposed to the same risks as theperson who smokes the cigarette. Through careful research andanalysis, it is clear that the health professionals have a taskbefore them to maintain the health standards among individuals. Iwill base my argument on the various mechanisms that the healthofficers have adopted to ensure the American nation is not only fitbut also healthy. Undeniably, inadequate consumption of fruits andconsumption of saturated foodstuffs have high likelihood ofinfluencing the prevalence of coronary heart diseases, differenttypes of cancers, and diabetes hence, it is of enormous significancethat healthcare professionals take the necessary measures required tocurb such prevalence.

Roleof the health professionals towards a healthy nation

Toachieve this course, health professionals need to focus on aspectsthat promote health and also those that prevent the prevalence ofailments. For instance, they can adopt a program to promotebreastfeeding among expectant women and the maiden mothers as well aspromote their moves towards breastfeeding they can also incorporatemechanisms to teach on healthy feeding habits of the infants(Fielding et al., 2012). Although healthy nutrition should beinculcated at an early stage of an individual development andretained all through the life, many medics in the health sector havealways targeted on older children in their prevention strategies andschools have always provided a good platform for health growth. Theyhave also targeted adults to intervene into their bad eating habitsespecially, those who have not developed the ailments. Healthprofessions target specific people, institutions, groups, strategies,and the environment that can be harnessed in various contexts toachieve healthy conditions.

Oneof the contributions made by health professionals is the adoption ofthe strategies addressing the importance of physical activity(Fielding et al., 2012). Under this umbrella, they have come up witha total of five policies that will promote the levels of physicalactivities within the entire the US population. They aim at dealingwith the moderated and the enthusiastic lifestyle behavior among theadults and the young individuals.

Theyhave organized campaigns across the communities. Since thesecampaigns are always on a large scale basis, the messages have alwaysreached the targeted audiences through different media liketelevision coverage, radio announcements, newspaper articles, movies,erecting of billboards and sending of corporate emails toindividuals. They have also emphasized the need of including physicaleducation in the school curriculum. They have called for schooladministrators to increase the total time taken by children inphysical activities or increasing the level of the activities theytake part in during the PE class.

Programsthat target individuals have also been initiated. They haveformulated certain daily routines that can be taken by individuals toincrease their physical activities. This has been achieved bycultivating behavioral skills among the individuals like setting ofpersonal goals, establishing a support system in the social settings,rewarding mechanisms in case they achieve the targets problem-solvingskills and how to avoid a setback. Other strategies within thisapproach are making platforms for physical exercise accessible andalso the provision of social support within the communal backgrounds.

Healthprofessionals have also come up with medical care programs. Thepivotal role played by these programs is the provision of servicesthat aim to prevent health complications. The health programs alsotarget to promote the physical well-being, healthy eating habits,adequate and quality health care system and engagement of thecommunity residents.

Theyhave been able to come up with evidence-based standardized practicesto provide prevention services. Averagely, healthcare plans have setup standards that examine the levels of physical activities andnutrition in the community they are serving. All children who havebeen registered under the programs have been able to access bothprimary and secondary services of prevention in relation to eatinghabits and physical activities.

Inrelation to this program, they have taken a personal initiative toget registered and comply with the health care field regulations toprovide quality preventive services to the clients. Partnership withthe health care institutions has also been evident through theprovision advice and guidance on preventive measures touching on thediet and risks of a sedentary lifestyle.

Thefight against the addiction on social media has also been a majorcontribution by professionals in the field of medical. On average,individuals between the ages of 2-17 years spend 4.5 hours glued onsocial media platforms. Two and half hours of the 4.5 hours havebeen spent on the televisions. Addiction to this social mediaplatforms and particularly television watching have been the mainreason behind the sedentary lifestyle. It is also possible that theadvertisements that go round the social media have not only directlyplayed a significant role towards the consumption of junk food butalso slowed down the rate of metabolism among the youth. This has ledto increased cases of obesity and chronic implications (Fielding etal., 2012). Health practitioners have come up with several strategiesto fight this trend among the youth. They have recommended thatchildren can be allowed to watch education programs on televisionthus limiting the time they spend on television.


Thepaper brings out some of the measures that have been taken by healthprofessionals to ensure that the American nation is always fit andhealthy. The professionals have adopted policies to promote physicalactivities, established health care programs to ensure prevention andfight against the excessive use of social media.


Fielding,J. E., Teutsch, S, and Koh, H. (2012). Health Reform and HealthyPeople Initiative. AmericanJournal of Public Health,102,1-5.

How Can Public Health Professionals Contribute to Achieving and


Maintaining a Healthy and Fit Nation?

Maintaining a Healthy and Fit Nation?

Public health professionals can contribute to achieving andmaintaining a healthy society by preventing the occurrence ofdiseases, especially among the high-risk groups in the nation.

Public health professionals can make a real difference inmaintaining the health of the nation by increasing the level ofawareness about the catastrophic consequences of substance abuse.Despite some progress that has been made in the reduction oftobacco use, smoking rate is still high among adolescents and adultscompared to the desired target (1). Alcohol and substance abuse are areal challenge for public health professionals since they affect manyage groups and communities in the U.S. Consequently, it is notsurprising to hear that abuse of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugsis costly to this nation. It is estimated that the management ofcrime, health care services, and lose of work productivity as aresult of these risky behaviors costs more than $700 billion annually(2).

Moreover, substance abuse causes many health problems that become aheavy burden on the public, country, and the health system. Examplesof these health problems are respiratory diseases, cancers, mentalhealth, and psychiatric problems. Notably, public health officialshave a fundamental role to play in educating people in differentcommunities about the risk of consuming tobacco and other illicitdrugs. Public Health Professionals also provide communityprevention activities and establish programs that target thevulnerable populations. In addition to these activities, theyuse the media to show the negative impact of tobacco use on healthand the community (3). It is clear how public health professionalscan participate in promoting health and maintaining a healthy nationby using different methods to prevent substance abuse. Additionally,this will reduce the high financial burden on the country and healthcare system. The burden is caused by the large number of sick andaddicted people.

Although the application of efforts at eradication of badhabits from the community can play a role in building a healthiernation, public health professionals can contribute more effectivelyby supporting healthy lifestyle programsin areas that are well known for a high risk ofserious diseases. Many chronic diseases (such as type2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, andhypertension) develop secondary to sedentary, low physical activity,and obesity. Besides the low physical activity in the dailylife of most Americans, certain kinds of setting (such as a sedentarywork environment) increase the risk of developing many chronicdiseases. Furthermore, low physical activity at workpredisposes middle-aged male workers in the U.S. to the risk ofdeveloping total and central obesity (4).

It is widely acknowledged that conditions (such as type 2 diabetes,obesity, and hypertension) can beprevented through healthy dietary habits and rigorous physicalexercise. Therefore, public health professionals candramatically limit this risky environment by increasing physicalactivity in the work environments. This can be accomplished byencouraging walking and climbing stairs, instead of riding elevatorsor escalators (5). In addition, there are many lifestyles thatincrease the risk of inactivity, such as playing video games andusing a computer for long hours. Undeniably, these chronicdiseases cost the country billions of dollars each year. For example,the total cost of managing diabetes in 2013 was about $ 245 billion.Definitely, when health care professionals work together toreduce the occurrence of the sedentary lifestyle-related diseases,billions of dollars are saved and used to improve other aspects ofthe health care system.

The process of reducing communicable diseases in the nation isnot less important than fighting substance abuse. Consequently,public health professionals can maintain a healthy nation byeducating people about the prevention of sexually transmitteddiseases (STDs). STDs are a significant health challenge facingthe United States. According to Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, about 20 million new cases of STDs are reported everyyear, where half of them affect young people aged 15-24 years. Themanagement of these cases cost almost $16 billion per year (6). Therate of STDs infection is higher in women and younger people thanother populations. The rise in the rate of infection in mencontributed to the increase in the overall prevalence of STD in 2014(7). In addition to a high risk of transmitting more severediseases (such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)infection), STDs is well-known as a major cause of complications infemales.

Despite these catastrophic effects of STDs on the nation, Publichealth professionals can contribute to preventing these diseases andimproving the public health by applying simple measures and effectiveprotection strategies. The evidence-based sex education programs areamong the most effective strategies that enhance positive youthdevelopment, reduce risky behaviors, increase the use of protection,and lower the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (8).However, health care providers can make more effectivepromotion of health through routine screening of all high riskindividuals. Applying such measures will limit the rate oftransmission of many STDs and reduce complications (such as pelvicinflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy) that arecaused by these infections. A case in which only a few people getsick means that the nation has a high number of individuals whocontribute to its economic progress through business-relatedprocesses. Since these STDs cause a heavy burden on people andthe health system, an input made by the public health professionalsin lowering the prevalence of these diseases can largely contributeto maintaining a healthy nation and enhancing the overall publichealth.


1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Wonder.Available at: focus.htm. AccessedNovember 16, 2010.

2. National Institute on Drug Abuse (2015). Trends and statistics:Brief description. NIDA. Available at:

3. Fielding, J. E., Teutsch, S., &amp Koh, H. (2012). Health reformand Healthy People initiative. American journal of public health,Vol102, No. 1, 30-33.

4. Choi et al., (2010)

5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015, November 17).Reported cases of STDs on the rise in the U.S. CDC. Availableat:

6. Task Force on Community Preventive Services (2016). Prevention ofHIV/AIDS, other STIs and pregnancy. Task Force on CommunityPreventive Services. Available at: index.html. Accessed November 16,2010.

How Can Public Health Professionals Contribute to Achieving and Maintaining this Healthy and Fit Nation?

HowCan Public Health Professionals Contribute to Achieving andMaintaining this Healthy and Fit Nation?

HowCan Public Health Professionals Contribute to Achieving andMaintaining this Healthy and Fit Nation?

Thispaper seeks to determine how public health professionals cancontribute to achieving and maintaining a healthy society.

Dueto the increased benefits of having healthy people in a nation,health professionals should maintain a healthy society. Fielding,Teutsch, &amp Koh (2012) set off the discussion by describing thepassage of the Affordable Care Act as a gesture, which sought toenhance preventive care rather than treatment. According to theCenters for Disease Control, the core function of public health is toprotect and improve the health statuses of people by advocating forhealthy lifestyles, engaging in extensive disease research and how toprevent them, as well as early detection and control of infectiousdiseases. Therefore, the Affordable Care Act places a greaterobligation on the public health sector.

Itis apparent that public health professionals can achieve and maintaina healthy nation by enhancing and focusing on the prevention ofinfections and sicknesses rather than treatment (Fielding et al.,2012). If a few people get sick, then it means that the nation has ahigh number of individuals who contribute to its economic progressthrough business-related processes. On the other hand, the countrymay experience a high financial burden if a large number of peoplefall sick regularly. In this context, it can be seen that prevention,which is a crucial obligation of the public health sector, is betterthan cure.

Healthcare professionals can also contribute to achieving and maintaining ahealthy, fit nation by developing strategies which would facilitatethe early detection of diseases. Early detection of diseases wouldprovide enough time for medical scientists to study and developeffective treatment therapies which could be used to counter suchdiseases. Public health officials can also contribute towards keepingthe nation of America healthy and fit nation by providing the rightinformation to people to help them protect themselves againstinfections and diseases.

Concentratingon averting infection and sickness before they happen will makehealthy homes, working environments, schools, and communities withthe goal that individuals can live long and profitable lives anddiminish their medicinal services costs. Better wellbeingemphatically affects our society and our economy.

PublicHealth ProfessionalsPlanfor Better Health and Wellness

Extendingexcellent preventive services in both community and clinical settings

Whenindividuals get preventive cure, for example, vaccinations andmalignancy screenings, they have better wellbeing and lower socialinsurance costs. For instance, implementing preventive plans, forinstance, diabetes counteractive action programs that bolsterpreventive endeavors in communities and can enhance access topreventive administrations.

Disposingof health discrepancies

Bydispensing with aberrations in accomplishing and looking afterwellbeing, public health professionals can enhance personalsatisfaction for a nation. For instance, medicinal service supplierscan prepare and procure qualified staff from underrepresented racialand ethnic minority and physically challenged individuals.

Constructingsafe and healthy community environs

Lastly,prevention of malady begins in communities and at home not merely inthe specialist`s office. For instance, organizations and businessescan embrace practices to urge their workforce to raise physicalmovement and decrease contamination.


Fielding,J. E., Teutsch, S., &amp Koh, H. (2012). Health reform and HealthyPeople initiative. Americanjournal of public health,102(1),30-33.