Globalization

GLOBALIZATION 13

is one of the worldwide effects that technology has to the humanrace. is the process where the whole globe operates asa single unit despite the differences involved, especiallyeconomically, socially, and even politically. In globalization,international relations between one nation and the other are madepossible as the distance between countries is narrowed, transformingthe world into a small village. The development of infrastructure andother schools of life, such as education and health care are as aresult of the gradual positive impacts of globalization. In otherwords, globalization is what a layman would describe as the nextlevel of technology in the 21stcentury. is one of the key components required inensuring that the earth is in a better place through the evendistribution of resources such as technology, business, education,and security among other factors.

Argument

Sincethe introduction of the globalization concept, more than a millenniumago, the world has advanced significantly. The massive growth oftransport and communication facilities, as well as a boost in thegeneral economic stability of the whole world is part of the evidencehighlighting the influence of globalization.

History

Thehistory of globalization can be traced back to the 16thcentury, a time when the slave trade was rampant throughout theworld. This first phase of globalization was termed as the archaicglobalization and it took place during the 16thcentury. As evolution and civilization continued to grow in theglobe, so did globalization. Between 1600 and 1800, another phase ofglobalization termed as the early-modern globalization was witnessed(Gallagher, 2005). The most recent phase of globalization is themodern globalization, which started in the 19thcentury. The era marked the time whereby industrial revolution wasused to spread globalization culture.

BackgroundInformation

Inrecent years, some of the minority population has not enjoyed orprofited from the fruits of globalization. The disadvantagedindividuals have raised concerns, arguing that since theintroduction of globalization, only a certain elite group of peoplewithin the society stood to enjoy the benefits that came with theact. Furthermore, others began questioning the fact whether themerits of globalization have really outdone the disadvantages. Hence,the question that really intrigued the majority was if globalizationwas worth the trouble that the world was wallowing and worse stillthe imminent danger it stood to face in the future as the effects ofthis civilization spread.

Relevanceof the Essay

Theobjective of this essay is to prove to the reader, as well as thewhole world that globalization is indeed a necessary evil. Thissimply means that despite the challenges that come withglobalization, it is only wise to conclude that its merits are worththe risk. Today, more than ever before, globalization has proved toboost infrastructural systems, stabilized economies, as well asenhanced internal peace and unity. All these three aspects mark theattributes of a renewed generation that has evolved from simple tocomplex form.

Benefitsof

Amongthe benefits of globalization in the world is wealth maximization.has ensured that the economies of scale of every potential businesshave been taken a notch higher. This is done through the availabilityof resources such as ideal transport facilities that are modern andmore suitable to the current trend of affairs. In addition,communication systems such as the use of internet and mobile phonesto create public awareness also play a great role in maximizingwealth. At the end of every financial year, the fiscal policies ofseveral corporate entities usually revolve around marginal profitsand returns, especially if they channeled their resources in theright places (Hill, 2015).

Additionally,globalization improves life and society status. Since globalizationwas introduced in the world, it marked the commencement of socialclasses, which then created room for group status. The world hasgotten to a place where the social status of an individual counts inthe manner in which a person interacts with the outside world. Inthat sense, an individual with a higher social status is moreprivileged to enjoying a wide range of services that life has tooffer (Gallagher, 2005). When the other members of society witnessthis, they are motivated and they all struggle to achieve the samestatus for equal treatment.

Moreover,another major benefit of globalization is that it fostersinternational trade. favors the growth and developmentof transport and communication, a thing that when used appropriatelyhas the potential to boost and enhance International trade. has seen to it that transport facilities in the 21stcentury are up to the task required by international cooperates suchas the use of pipeline to transport liquid commodities that are inhigh demand in various countries (Faúndez &amp Tan, 2010).Additionally, globalization has also enhanced unity and peace withinnations, a strategic move that in turn helps international trade ascountries set policies that accommodate and support foreigninvestment.

Improvementof infrastructure is another advantage that people enjoy as a resultof globalization. The combination of both transport facilities andcommunication systems is defined as infrastructure. The above pointcan be seconded through the simple analysis of third world countrieslike most West African states such as Senegal. A few years back, thedistribution of electricity usage in the whole of Senegal was basedin most of the urban areas where most economic activities took place.However, as time went by and globalization effects spread, it led tothe equal distribution of resources for the whole of Senegal, a movethat greatly boosted its economic stability, especially in the early2000s (Gallagher, 2005).

Likewise,globalization promotes international affairs since it allows room forthe prevalence of peace and unity through creating a rapport betweenone state and the other. A good example to consider is the fact thatthe United States and Cuba have been sworn enemies for quite a longtime, but recently, it was reported that the two countries had buriedthe hatchet and began conducting foreign trade between each other.Here, it is evident that globalization has played a part and cementedthe broken relationships that existed between various countries inthe whole world (Stern, 2009).

Enhancementof economic growth is also promoted through the advent ofglobalization. In the history of all human races, the first economicdepression that the world ever witnessed was in the early 17thcentury as a result of the inappropriate allocation of resources andfunds (Stern, 2009). The great depression that began in NorthAmerica, took place a millennium later, after the introduction of theculture of globalization. At this time, the culture had not yetestablished concrete grounds within which it would set its roots andthat is what led to the great depression. Ever since the introductionof the early modern globalization, the world has not yet experiencedany financial constraints on that scope (Faúndez &amp Tan, 2010).

is also instrumental inthereduction of cultural barriers. has brought by thespread of education, which has in turn played a massive role in theelimination of long existing cultural beliefs that are of no use tothe current world. Most communities in the developing countries inconjunction with the people of the Amazon possess some culturalactivities, beliefs and religious ceremonies that create a barrierbetween their ways of life with that of the civilized world. In thiscase, globalization has helped in the spread of western culture whichis geared towards socialism and ideal development rather thancapitalism and restrained growth (Faúndez &amp Tan, 2010). Forexample, globalization has helped in the education of many Africancountries concerning female genital mutilation and led to thereduction of the practice in most nations.

Besides,globalization contributes to the promotionofpeace and unity.The culture plays a big role in creating good relationships betweenone country and the other. In the event of activities such as tradeand other international events such as games and sports, it is theobligation of all the countries that are participating to abide bythe rule of law and interact with others without causing any fracas(Mathews, Ribeiro &amp Vega, 2012). When these countries convergefor a single reason, it goes without being mentioned that thiscreates some form of uniformity and program that is ideal in theprocess of promoting peace and unity between each other. Therefore,through the promotion of varying cultures and beliefs, the advent ofglobalization encourages tolerance resulting in unity and peace.

Moreover,globalization aids in theenhancementof education. As the civilization continues to establish clearboundaries in the whole world, the system of education of severalcountries, especially developing nations keep changing for thebetter. Most of nations that are still developing may have been usingeducation systems that do not offer quality opportunities in thecurrent competitive corporate world. A good example of this fact isthe use of the 8-4-4 system in Kenya or the Saudi Arabian religiousstructure. The adoption of modern systems used in the West in thesenations, is proving to be more reliable as opposed to the formermethods system of education (Faúndez &amp Tan, 2010).

Furthermore,globalization increases labor productivity in the world. The factthat industrialization has continued to gain momentum all over meansthat more people are accessing more employment opportunities invarious regions. Once an individual is financially stable, it is wiseto assume that they can live the life they have always dreamt of, butstill focusing on the source of income at the same time. When otherunemployed people get this idea, they will ape it and sooner or latermore industries, firms and organizations will keep coming up in orderto hire more people for labor production. The best resources usedduring the initial processes of the production of any commodity arein most cases geared towards maximizing labor, which in turn boostthe general productivity of the business (Mathews, Ribeiro &ampVega, 2012). Moreover, since globalization eliminates nationalboundaries, people are free to seek employment opportunities in anycountry as highlighted through the aspect of outsourcing.

Challengesof

Oneof the chief challenges of globalization is that it poses greatdanger to the environment.Forglobalization to establish its roots, a lot of space is needed to putup more space for primary, secondary, and tertiary industries. Sincemost industrial and developing countries have exhausted most of theirspace by settling their citizens due to population increases, theexisting vegetation has to be cleared in order to give room for theconstruction of factories and companies. In conjunction to that, therate of deforestation increases, hence chances of global warming areincreasing day by day (Potter &amp Biukovic, 2011). isa great hazard to the environment and negatively affects human,plant, and animal life.

Accordingly,there is uneven distribution of resources.Itis quite an irony that globalization has greatly contributed tounfair distribution of resources though it has increased theproduction of the same capital and assets. Many countries have comein handy in generating raw materials, but since the commodities maynot be plentiful to meet the demands of the market, they are onlyexported to the countries that can afford the products. Unevendistribution of resources does not only happen at an internationallevel, but also locally (Potter &amp Biukovic, 2011). A lot ofinfrastructure is being put up in centrally located places,especially the urban areas. This move leaves the rural areasunderdeveloped with minimum resources that barely sustain the nearbyresidents (Kogut, 2003).

Likewise,globalization increases the rate of unemployment:Amajor issue that is related to globalization is advanced technology.The more states and countries yearn to participate in globalization,the more eager they are to take their technology to the next level.Numerous machines are being manufactured to perform work faster andmore efficient, hence jobs that were previously performed manuallyare no longer available to most of the citizens (Kogut, 2003).Machines in huge numbers are currently replacing employees and manyremain idle and unemployed for quite a long time.

Additionally,globalization increases international and local crime. Thecivilization has made it easy for citizens to move back and forthfrom country to country since transportation has been enhanced.Improved transportation makes it easier for terrorists to access thecountries that were previously difficult to reach. The rates of sextrafficking, drug smuggling, and poaching are higher than they usedto be before (Potter &amp Biukovic, 2011). Locally, crime increasesdue to the high number of unemployed individuals. Much of the time ofthe unemployed young people is spent idling with nothing important todo, hence crime becomes part and parcel of their lives.

Consequently,globalization poses a huge threat to agriculture.Astechnology advances, in order for countries to meet the demands ofglobalization, industrially processed foods are becoming the norm formost citizens. The rate at which local organic food is beingpurchased is lower each day. The food that is grown on the farms, endup going bad because there are less number of people interested inthem (Kogut, 2003). The agricultural sector is currently facing hugelosses, which inhibits it from growing both locally andinternationally. Another problem that agriculture faces due toglobalization is the production of genetically manufacture organicproducts that has become a trend due to the high demand that is posedby competitive industries in different countries.

Anotherchallenge is that it creates room for extreme debts. Some of thecountries that participate in globalization do not own enoughresources to provide for their citizens and export to other parts ofthe world. Since they prefer to stick to the globalization trend,they rather opt to borrow resources or funds from other traders andpay later. With time, the debts they owe other countries increasesand they somehow fail to pay within the set time they were given torepay the loans. Due to this, the economy suffers a huge loss sincemost of the income earned is used to pay lenders. It thereforereaches a time when the economy becomes stagnant (Hill, 2015).

Lackof ideal transparency in management processes is another challengewitnessed because of globalization. Poor managing is a common demeritthat is related to the rise of globalization as more wealth is gainedwith more selfishness and injustice. The managers that controlglobalization may not be concerned with the welfare of the people aslong as they are earning huge income. Most ordinary people end upneglected and given few resources that barely sustain them (Potter &ampBiukovic, 2011). In other words, the poor especially the ones thatreside in the rural areas do not receive enough resources and worseis that the managing team does not care. The gap between the rich andthe poor keeps increasing daily.

Further,social injustice is a massive demerit of globalization. A lot ofmultinational companies are having it their way in the third worldunderdeveloped countries as they exploit certain undiscoveredresources. Since these multinational companies are the only ones thathave expensive technology and currency to extract these resources,they become controlling and unfair to the local citizens that theyemploy. Through such power they even control governments resulting inpoor working conditions for the neighborhood people. Local citizensof the third world countries are exploited and paid little money thatis not worth their performance at work (Potter &amp Biukovic, 2011).

Equally,globalization causes the spread of diseases.has somewhat made transportation among different states and countriesmore possible. Road, air, water, and railway transportation have beenimproved which means that people can move from one region to anotherwithout any difficulties. However, the mobility poses a great dangerof spread of diseases in different regions. Airborne and communicablediseases are finding their way in many countries faster that themedical sector is able to discover them. A good example is the caseof Ebola spread in many regions of West Africa, which caused a lot ofpanic and death among citizens (Gallagher, 2005).

Conclusionand Recommendations

Approachingglobalization cautiously would lead to its seamless adoption withoutcausing too much problems.Manycountries are overwhelmed by the fact that globalization is takingthem to another level. International relationships are beingimproved, which are the foundations of trade and wealth. However, todo well in globalization, countries must approach globalization withmuch care so as not to lose themselves in it (Hill, 2015). Forexample, compatibility matters a lot when it comes to globalrelations. Countries should not go for what they cannot afford andexpect to pay debts later because it can cause bad relations whenthey fail to keep their word. Trade should be carried out betweenregions that are compatible in relation to the resources they own.

Similarly,countries should encourage creativity to allow new ideas,particularly in local contexts.Thegovernments must play an important role to allow globalization takeplace at its best level. The local industries should be supported toavoid extinction of original resources. Neglect of the localindustries also known as the primary industries, is detrimental asthey the core of resources (Mathews, Ribeiro &amp Vega, 2012). Takefor example the Juakali Industryin Kenya. This local industry manufacture original products yet theKenyan citizens are neglecting them and running for the importedproducts. As such, this kind of creativity should not be neglected.

Furthermore,administrations should create a balance between foreign environmentand nature. cannot be completely done away with justbecause it poses a great danger to the environment. It is up to humanbeings to ensure that the foreign environment brought about byglobalization and the nature is balanced (Mathews, Ribeiro &ampVega, 2012). Achieving a balance between the two Balancing can beacquired through growing more plantations where bare land has beenleft due to construction of buildings. Trees can also be plantedwhere they never existed before to replace the ones that have beencleared. Moreover, balancing means taking precaution measures, suchas constructing gabions and terraces when and where necessary, toavoid irrigation erosion.

Whatis more, nations should ensure even distribution of resources.Foreveryone to appreciate the pros of globalization, then they should bemade a part of it. will only prosper for a longer timeif every citizen in each country gets to taste its fruits. It canonly be achieved if the managing team in charge sees to it thatresources have been distributed evenly among the people. More effortshould be put to ensure that the rural areas are developing just likethe urban areas (Forde, 2008). For example, infrastructure such asschools, hospitals, and industries should put up in the rural areas.Resources such as electricity and water, which are the most importantshould be made more available and accessible in these areas.

Encouragementof honesty and transparency in management would also facilitatepositive globalization effects.Themanaging team in charge of resources should not rest until they seeto it that people are satisfied with what they have offered. Honestyis an ethical requirement in any workplace. Some managers may not becompletely sincere once they receive funds to improve certain areasand end up misusing the funds meant to improve the lives of otherpeople (Hill, 2015). Such cases have to be handled strictly by thejustice system. Any kind of dishonesty and misuse of funds shouldearn an individual some time in detention.

Essentially,globalizationis one of the key components required in ensuring that the world isat a better place through the even distribution of resources such astechnology, business, education and security just to mention a few.It is beyond reasonable doubt that ever since the introduction ofglobalization more than a millennium ago, the world has advanced inseveral fields of life. The massive growth of transport andcommunication facilities, as well as a boost in the general economicstability of the whole world is part of the evidence to dispute anyopposition that globalization has ever encountered.

References

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Mathews,G., Ribeiro, G., &amp Vega, C. (2012). from below: The worlds other economy.Florence, GB: Routledge.&nbsp

Potter,P. B., &amp Biukovic, L. (2011). and local adaptation in international trade law.Vancouver: UBC Press.

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