EGYPTIAN ART 3
PairStatue of Userhat and Kha
ThisEgyptian art work is a seated couple sculpture from the Egypt, KarmaCachet, in the later 18thand 19thNew Kingdom Dynasty. It is a small sculpture, 21 inches high imagecurved from black granite. Usherhat, the scribe of the king, Thebesgranaries overseer and Kha, his wife are seen seated together withintertwined arms.
Fromthe outline, one can see Userhat and Kha sitting on the chair withUserhat’s right hand enfolded around his wife’s left arm. Theirfaces are emotionless and postures rigid, for instance, from aviewer’s stand point on Kha’sface shows some sense of discomfort. She looks sad. She has anoval-shaped face, while Userhat has round face with an upright chipportrayed as a sign of male dominance. Jewelry on Kha’s bodydisplays her feminine nature. The throne on which the scultures arehave Userhat’s side elevated. This creates an inclined view that isfurther abstracted by right side leaning of Userhat.
Their frozen image does not depict any sigh of affection. They lookat the front. The entire image is lifelike, howbeit, the solid erectbody and posture. The author created the statue to radiate serenity,a common effect among the Egyptians. Userhat and Kha wear wigs andheaddress and have no shoes. They have a slight belly, loose wrinkle,breast and hieroglyphic text engraving on their thighs.
Theauthor creates an emotionless image using the black granite. Thematerial (texture) surface is hard, frozen and coarse with darksilver color. The granite mineral extracted from River Nile is anigneous rock commonly used by ancient Egyptians, because Granite is abit harder compared to copper and limestone. Use of hard granitemakes the sculpture increasingly more expensive than othersculptures. This shows that ancient Egyptians had special techniquesof using hard stones.
Regardingthe scale, the author curved the position, torso and height withouthigh distinctions. The body of Userhat is slightly bigger than thatof the Kha. The sculpture has an advanced position but the genderdifferences cannot be easily established. This is because the imagehas similar physical qualities that may challenge the viewer’seffort of gender distinction. The similar qualities includeandrogynous facial features, hairstyles and elegant clothingarticles, traditionally used during similar time periods. Further,the portrait is engraved as a naturalist with no oversize.
Theportrait has various cultural significance, for instance, Userhat’ssculpture shows a symbol of dignity. He is portrayed as intelligent,significant in the society and knowledgeable as scribe. Although theauthor created the sculpture as stiff and rigid using the availabletechniques of the time, the composition is delicately naturalistic.The portrait shows some sign of dignity, aging and depicts crucialEgyptian culture.
Theportrait is styled in a frozen emotionless way to show the eternityof the Kha’s home, the force of human life. The choice of hardstone (granite) rather than other cheap materials sends a crucialcultural message. For instance, curving Userhat and Kha out ofgranite stone, the sculptor transformed the couple into an imperviousstate as immortal humans.
Realisticrepresentation of the couple depicts aging sins. For instance, theauthor engraved them with protruding belly, sagging chest, andwrinkled faces as signs of aging. The hair dress and clothes denotereal life and high position.
Inconclusion, therefore, the portrait could be termed as high reliefsculpture. It has granite material and has maintained its originalcolor to date. It has coarse and hard texture, naturalistic line andscale and the stiff upright and emotionless gesture.
PairStatue of Userhat and Kha portrait downloaded from LACMA(2007). "LACMA collections online/Egyptian art."http://www.lacma.org
Hagen,Rose-Marie, Rainer Hagen, and Norbert Wolf. 2007. Egyptart.Köln: Taschen.
LACMA(2007). "LACMA collections online/Egyptian art."http://www.lacma.org