Differencebetween Palliative Care and Hospice
Thereare differences between Hospice and Palliative care program.Palliative care involves an exceptional healthcare that assistspatients to feel liberated from symptoms, agony, and psychologicaldistress that comes as results of serious ailment or its curing.Hospice programs are those medical care programs that provide comfortand solace to the patients who are considered terminally ill.Palliative care programs, on the other hand, are those healthcareprograms that are expected to calm the patients during their times ofillness until they recover from such. Hospice is usually managed by ateam of professionals who administers such healthcare programs at thecomfort of the patient`s home (Hauser & Kramer, 2004). In thisarrangement, the Hospice usually depends on the family caregiver andthe nurse who visits the patient at home regularly. Conversely, theprofessionals at the institutions mainly do the palliative programswhere these patients get their initial treatment. The team ofdoctors, nurses and other health practitioners are usually stationedat various health facilities where they give palliative care to thesepatients. Hence, palliative care is done at hospitals and not athome. Hospice programs are sought at the time when the proposedtreatment for the ailment is considered not worth the suffering, theside effects, and agony that the patient will go through (Haley etal., 2003).
FactorsInfluencing Quality of Life in each of the Stages
Oneof the factors that affect life at the palliative care is the levelof relief got from the pains and suffering derived from the illness.Since palliative care deals with both treatment and comfort, thecaregivers and the professional healthcare practitioners have tobalance between the pains and comfort given. If the pain is muchsevere than the convenience, then the palliative care derails thequality of life of the patient. One of the factors that affect thequality of life of a patient under hospice program is the level ofbenefit derived during the last days of the patient. In most cases,the patients who are considered fit for hospice are those having upto six months to live. In this respect, the quality of life isaffected by the level of ease of the burden these patients experience(Hauser & Kramer, 2004).
TheRole of the OTA in the Settings and Clients at The Stages
Theprimary role of the occupational therapy assistant (OTA) at thepalliative care is to administer medical assistance that serves toreduce the suffering that the patients are suffering. Additionally,they deliver care that is meant to cure the illness of the patient.The major role of OTA at the hospice care is to ensure that they givemedical care services that prevent the pains and suffering even asthe patient nears demise. Here they offer counseling services andtherapeutic activities that make the life of the patient quiteenjoyable. At this point, the patient is well aware that he or she isabout to die. The caregiver would offer solace to the patient(Keidel, 2002).
SkillsNecessary to Work in the area of OT
Oneof the skills required to work in this area of OT is counselingskills. Here one is expected to be empathetic and try to understandthe pain the patient is going through then offer guidance on how torelieve it. Also, one is required to earn the skill of listeningwhere they would discern exactly what the patient needs to ease thepain. Furthermore, profound medical knowledge and medicaladministration skills are imperative here. It will allow thepractitioner to give the correct prescriptions and administer thesame to the patient (Haley, LaMonde, Han, Burton, & Schonwetter,2003).
Haley,W. E., LaMonde, L. A., Han, B., Burton, A. M., & Schonwetter, R.(2003). Predictors of depression and life satisfaction among spousalcaregivers in hospice: application of a stress process model. Journalof palliative medicine,6(2),215-224.
Hauser,J. M., & Kramer, B. J. (2004). Family caregivers in palliativecare. Clinicsin geriatric medicine,20(4),671-688.
Keidel,G. C. (2002). Burnout and compassion fatigue among hospicecaregivers. AmericanJournal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine,19(3),200-205.