Data Analysis


Institution Affiliation

Over the years,there has been an increased effort among educationists to highlightthe challenges faced by the school administrations. The level ofdiscipline is one such factor that has been taken into consideration.Information relating to the violation of the ethical practices amongthe students are collected and highlighted. In this case, AmericanCollege of Education has provided data relating to disciplinaryincidences for three academic years. They include the 2004-2005,2005-2006, and 2006-2007 academic years. In addition to this, thedata provided relates to the total number of actions taken by therelevant authorities and incidences per 100 students. Finally, thedata shows the relationship between actions by ethnicities andpercentage of enrollment. The ethnicities include the Blacks,Hispanics and the Whites. The thesis statement is “bullying isthe greatest cause of disciplinary action in Lacy Elementary School.”

Step 1

From the dataobtained in the table, the rate of bullying in Lacy Elementary Schoolis the lowest form of disciplinary action. The same can be stated forthe use of explosives. In the past three years, only a single caseaction has been on bullying and explosives. Disorderly conduct as adisciplinary action has posted several cases compared to bullying. Ithas been on the rise in recent times. The 2006-2007 academic yearposted the highest number of actions of disorderly conduct at 28.

Of all thedisciplinary actions, insubordination has had the largest number ofincidences for every 100 students. However, despite the highincidences related to subordination, it can be noted that there hasbeen a significant decline in the number of cases reported. Between2004-2005 and 2006-2007 academic years, the cases of subordinationhave dropped to 80. The use of knives has an irregular pattern. Inthe 2004-2005 academic year, there were no cases reported. However,in the following year, the number increased to four before decliningagain in the third year. Other forms of disciplinary action relate tostaff assault and student assault. In this case, the number ofstudent assault is higher than staff assault. The latter has beenreported at 6, 10 and 11 for the three academic years. Students’assault involved relatively more cases. The figures were given at 9,20, and 34 for the three years under study. Disciplinary actions ontobacco and vandalism were relatively lower compared to studentassault. For the entire period taken into consideration, there wasonly a single incidence in which disciplinary action was takenagainst a student for the use of tobacco.

Step 2

Based on the datacontained in the table, there are various trends that have beenobserved. To begin, the number of student and staff assault has beenon the rise. The records indicated 6, 10, and 11 cases for the2004-2005, 2005-2006, and 2006-2007 academic years respectively. Thenumber also increased the number of staff assault within the sameperiod. Additionally, the data indicate that most of the actions werecaused by Black Male (BM). This group of individuals was responsiblefor most of the disciplinary cases. On the other hand, White Female(WF) committed the least number of disciplinary actions within thegiven period.

Stage 3

The second tablecontains information relating to disciplinary actions on officereferrals. Some of the disciplinary actions taken into considerationinclude alternative learning classroom, corporal punishment,expulsion for weapons, in-school suspensions, out-of-schoolsuspensions and “other” actions. Of all the disciplinary actionstaken, an out-of-school suspension was the most utilized disciplinaryaction. The numbers were recorded at 72, 89, and 130 for 2004-2005,2005-2006, and 2006-2007 academic years respectively. Additionally,it recorded the highest number of incidences per 100 students in LacyElementary School.

In-schoolsuspension was the second highest disciplinary action on officereferrals. The number for the three academic years underconsideration included 51, 48, and 82 cases. The highest number wasobtained in 2004-2005 school year whereby the Black Male (BM) andWhite Male (WM) contributed the highest number of students. The thirdmost common disciplinary action against the student was corporalpunishment. For the school years 2004-2005, 2005-2006, and 2006-2007,the numbers of actions were 89, 60, and 33. The Black Male (BM) wasthe highest culprits in this case. They were closely followed by theWhite Male (WM) and Black Female (BF). The Hispanic Female (HF) hadthe least cases of corporal punishments. The three disciplinaryactions that were used the least included alternative learningclassroom, expulsion as a result of weapons, and “Other.”

From the analysisof the data contained in the table, it is evident that theout-of-school suspension has been on the rise. The number increasedfrom 72 to89, and later 130. The same trend is seen in the case of“Other” disciplinary action. On the other hand, the rate ofin-school suspension is on the decline from 82 to 51 in threeacademic years. Corporal punishments have also declined considerablyfrom 89 to 60, and finally 33.

The data aboveindicates that the disciplinary incidents are still in existence inmost schools. Despite the common belief that bullying is the mostcommon cause of disciplinary action, the data has proven that it isnot the case. For the three school years under consideration, onlyone cause of bullying has been reported. This is an equivalent of0.09 incidences per 100 students.