CountryChoice for the Final Paper
Inrelation to other nations, reports have indicated that Haiti depictsthe real picture of a nation undergoing major health challenges. Thereports further indicate that the health quagmire in Haiti havedirectly inhibited the natives participation in the developmentalprojects to stabilize the economy of the nation (Archer & Le,2015). The health system of this country though not part of thecourse can provide a good basis for research and reflection on healthrelated issues. I will therefore focus on the background, influencesand the health systems within Haiti. From the discussions, I willrelate it to some of the countries that we covered in the course.
Backgroundand major influences to the contemporary health situation in Haiti
Povertyin Haiti has been attributed to its colonization from the year 1497by France. It was during this period that it was exploited fully. Infact, historians have used Haiti as a typical example ofunderdevelopment as France used her vast resources for over 100 yearsit was in control. This deprived Haiti, an opportunity to developeconomically. This has been the major factor behind the poor healthsystems in the nation. A large percentage of the Haitian populationcannot afford medical fee required to see a doctor (Awofeso, 2012).Though there are free health facilities and organizations, in ruralareas they are kilometers away making it difficult for the natives toaccess them, considering the high transport costs.
Povertyhas also been linked to poor nutrition which is cause of healthproblems. Studies show that over half the population in that countryis facing food insecurity. Malnutrition is the order of the day. Tomake it worse, sanitation system is deficient. For instance, majorityof the citizens cannot access clean water for drinking.
The2010 earthquake weakened the already unstable health systems thatwere in place. This is due to the fact that the earthquake broughtdown 50 health facilities, a section of the main teaching healthcenter and the Ministry of Health (Brodwin, 2014).
Theaspects of sex tourism and inadequate education on health mattershave also resulted to high incidents of HIV/AIDS infections in thecountry.
Impactson the population
Theeconomic, environmental and the general lifestyle have had a directimpact on the health status of the individuals.
Mentalstatus has been one of the areas that have sparked studies. Thenatural catastrophes like the 2010 earthquake have been linked tomental ailments. As per the 2003 statistics, the country had only 10psychiatrists and 9 nurses in the psychological field (Kransnoff,2013). This is inadequate to deal with the number of trauma casesthat emerge every day.
Thedifficulty in accessing medical centers due the fact that they arelocated miles away has reduced the likelihood of expectant mothers tolook for medical care. It is also not easy for poor women to seekmedical attention. Poor sanitation coupled by malnutrition have notonly resulted to underweight infants but also increased the mortalityrate at childbirth.
Thesefactors have prompted the United States Agency for InternationalDevelopment in conjunction with the Haitian government to come upwith long-term strategies to the prolonged health dares. The USAIDaims at satisfying the needs of the natives through strengthening themedical system and enhancing accessibility to worth services in thehealth sector. It has initiated immunization program to deal withcommunicable diseases and health feeding programs to deal withmalnutrition.
Archer,N & Le, P. (2015).Haiti:AGuide for Global Health Workers, Medical Practitioners, and NGOVolunteers.Dartmouth College Press. Awofeso,N. (2012).OrganizationalCapacity Building in Health Systems.London: Routledge.Brodwin,P. (2014).Medicineand Morality in Haiti:TheContest for Healing Power.Cambridge Cambridge University.Kransnoff,M.J. (2013).BuildingPartnerships in the Americas:AGuide for Global Health Workers.UPNE.