Counterterrorism

Whatis Sookhdeo`s main complaint about counterterrorism`s currentapproach to Islamist ideology?

The war against terrorism continues to experience significantchallenges courtesy of the strategies employed in dealing with themenace. The primary complaint relates to the concept ofmarginalization of the fight against terror and ideologicalperception where individuals practicing Islam have been branded asterrorists (Harmon, Pratt, &amp Gorka, 2010). Despite evidencesuggesting that a greater percentage of Muslims do not supportterrorism, there is a misconception that those practicing the Islamicreligion are terrorists. The ability to achieve success in the fightagainst terrorism depends on various factors, critical among them thechange of the misconception. The terminology used by counterterrorismofficials could serve as a deterrent or encourage those engaged interrorist activities. Indeed, the use of certain terms includingJihad, caliphate, and takfiri not only supports the terroristactivities but reminds Muslims of the need to participate in suchventures since it is justified. Because of the same, it is essentialthat those entrusted with the mandate of dealing with the terroristactivities take punitive measures to desist from using words thatserve to perpetuate terrorist activities. A greater proportion ofMuslims across the globe do not support terrorism. In fact, asignificant portion if not all of the Islamic nations have strongbilateral ties with their western counterparts (Harmon, Pratt, &ampGorka, 2010). Moreover, some of the Islamic countries have beeninstrumental in condemning terrorist activities while at the sametime denouncing those justifying such deeds in the name of religion.However, counterterrorism efforts should be defined by the need torefrain from the use of certain terms that could be seen as anencouraging for Muslim extremists. The war against terror can be wornby desisting from any activities that seek to encourage terroristsincluding the use of terminology that seems to justify their actions.

What are some of the qualities of the cyber world that make it anattractive operating and staging ground for criminals and terrorists?

The cyber world provides an efficient breeding ground for terroristactivities. Its ability to perpetuate terrorism is attributed to thequalities it possesses. The first quality regards anonymity. Thoseconducting operations through cyberspace world have the benefit ofconcealed identities. For example, it has been possible for terroristgroups to radicalize individuals without their identities gettingrevealed. It has been possible to address such a challenge sinceapprehending those involved in such activities has proven to be adaunting task. The cyber world enables terrorists to communicate witha large group of individuals at the same time. Through the same, ithas been possible to disseminate information regarding the potentialtargets promptly to different individuals. Criminals have access tocrucial arsenal needed to execute their activities through cyberspace(Harmon, Pratt, &amp Gorka, 2010). Particularly, some of theterrorists have been able to crush servers of security agencies byuse of computer viruses, a move that curtails efforts directed towardcombating terrorism. Furthermore, it has been possible for terroristgroups to raise funds via cyberspace. For example, the terror groupshave established means through which individuals can makecontributions online to support such activities. Through suchventures, it has been possible to generate the funds needed toexecute such terrorist activities. Cyberspace experiences minimalgovernance from security agents. Because of the same, terrorists canaccomplish their activities with much ease. Finally, the use ofcyberspace exposes criminals to minimal personal injury. One is atliberty to coordinate terror activities at the comfort of their homeswithout risking being confronted by security agents.

Why are crisis communications with the public so important forgovernments in the event of a terrorist attack, and what precautionsmust they take in communicating during a crisis?

Communication between the government and the public remains to be acrucial component in cases of terrorist attacks. The public must beon a need-to-know basis if a terrorist attack was to occur. Despitethe sensitivity of the situation in the event of an attack, thegovernment must establish a policy that seeks to guarantee efficientdissemination of information in case of a terrorist attack.Communication by the government upholds the concept of integrity andreputation (Harmon, Pratt, &amp Gorka, 2010). Even though a terrorattack may not be welcoming to the public, the fact remains that suchevents do not improve at that moment. Eventually, the public willquestion on why they were never informed. Some of them could behaving friends and family members who may have been affected by theattack. If the government were to conceal such information, it wouldsignificantly affect their reputation while at the same timeempowering the terror groups responsible for such acts.

Governments must take precaution in how they communicate at the timeof the crisis. For example, it is vital that the informationdisseminated to the public is accurate and not based on falsifieddetails. Of crucial significance is the need to consider that thetruth at the time of the crisis would be better than a lie to protectthe image of the government.

Reference

Harmon, C., Pratt,A., &amp Gorka, S. (2010). Toward a Grand Strategy AgainstTerrorism.

McGraw HillProfessional.