Mostaccidents are usually associated with injuries or even death of thevictims involved. Therefore there is need for the implementation ofappropriate and effective systems approach to ensure that theinvestigations conducted about the accident are successful. The studyinvolves an investigation of a construction accident involving twoelectricians which the management firm instructed me to carry out asthe safety director. Notably, the investigations entailed fourprocesses. The steps include Preserve/document scene, collectinformation, and determine the root causes and finally theimplementation of the corrective actions (Reese& Eidson, 2006).
Asthe safety director, I arrived at the construction site as soon asthe accident occurred. I immediately proceeded to preserve the sitebefore beginning my investigation process. Just like any otheraccident, safeguarding the place where an accident has taken place isessential in preventing the general public from gaining access thustampering with the evidence which might compromise the accuracy ofthe investigations. For this case, protecting the site also preventedthe drywall contractor workers from accessing the scene (Reese& Eidson, 2006).Beijing Communications and Construction Company was the oneresponsible for constructing a 14 storey building with almost 75% ofthe construction completed as at the time the accident occurred. Inconducting the investigations, I used a guide for employers’incident investigations form .Chun and Junx were the names of theinjured employees aged 36 and 27 years respectively. Both of themwere electricians. However, Chun was a permanent employee for BeijingCommunications and Construction Company while Junx was on a contractbasis. Chun had worked for the company for ten years. On the otherhand, Junx had worked as an electrician with the company for sixteenmonths as part of his twenty-four month contract. The accidentoccurred on 24th July 2016.Chun sustained a severe head injury andwas rushed to the hospital by EMS. However, Junx had minor cuts andwas treated at the site (Chi,Chang & Ting, 2005).
Theinformation from the investigation was collected through interviewswith the drywall contract workers as well as Chun and Junx toestablish what really transpired. The names, time together with thejob titles of the people who participated in the interview were alsonoted with their respective causes. Also, other experts and the topmanagement gave their views and thoughts on what they suppose mighthave caused the fall of the debris from the 11th floor to the 10thfloor (Aksorn& Hadikusumo, 2008).
3.Determine the root causes
Afterconducting the investigation based on various interviews fromwitnesses, drywall contractor workers, the victims, a group ofexperts and the top executive team, two reasons were cited to be themajor factors which contributed to the accident. First, failure ofthe management to identify an appropriate location for the debris,also, carelessness of the electricians for not wearing their personalprotective equipment. Prior to the accident, the construction workershad suggested to the management of the company to identify a new sitefor disposing of the debris since the old site was used by anothercompany which had constructed another building in the same area andit couldn’t hold any more debris. However, the management did nottake the necessary urgent measures to address the issue(Aksor & Hadikusumo 2008).That is why the employees collected the debris and placed them at thecorner of the 11th floor awaiting for the management to identify adifferent location to dispose. Since the place was already congested,some of them fell injuring the electricians on the 10th floor whowere tying in electrical panel boards. Additionally, theinvestigation established that the electricians did not put on theirpersonal protection equipment. This was also one of the factors whichled to the injuries they sustained (Reese& Eidson, 2006).
4.Implement corrective actions
Afterthe investigations and the results presented to the constructioncompany, it is very prudent for the company to take the necessarycorrective actions and prevent such accidents from recurring again.First, it is always very essential for a construction company or anyother organization to listen to the concerns raised by the employeesand act to them accordingly(Chi et al 2005).Theexecutive team should always take into consideration the issuesraised and analyze them critically after which they should provideappropriate solutions in a timely manner. Also, proper communicationand flow of information between the employees and the workers isimportant so that any arising issues can be tackled effectively andas soon as possible to avoid any accidents or unusual happenings. Onthe same note, every company should be very strict in ensuring thatthe employees put on the right attire and protective equipmentdepending on the various sections they work within the company(Aksorn& Hadikusumo, 2008).This will prevent any injuries that might arise since the employeeshave already taken the necessary precautionary measures. Also, it iscritical for the employees to work together as a group. Themanagement should enhance a culture of teamwork and coordinationbetween various departments so that there is mutual understanding andproper execution of activities (Chiet al 2005).
Aksorn,T., & Hadikusumo, B. H. W. (2008). Critical success factorsinfluencing safety program performance in Thai constructionprojects. SafetyScience, 46(4),709-727.
Chi,C. F., Chang, T. C., & Ting, H. I. (2005). Accident patterns andprevention measures for fatal occupational falls in the constructionindustry.Appliedergonomics, 36(4),391-400.
Reese,C. D., & Eidson, J. V. (2006). Handbookof OSHA construction safety and health.CRC Press.