Carl Jung and his Theories


Carl Jung was a Swiss psychologist who isconsidered as the pioneer of analytical psychology (Crowley, 2000).He was born in 1875 and died in the year 1961. Carl’s work hasinfluenced many fields including psychology, philosophy andliterature. Jung was a renowned supporter of Freud’s theories untilin 1920s when he disagreed with his Oedipus complex theory andinstead laid down his own infantile sexuality theory (McLeod, 2014).He contributed in psychology through his libido and unconscioustheories initial differentiation of extrovert and introvertpersonalities and identification of four major concepts of feeling,sensing and intuition and thinking (Crowley, 2000). He was also astaunch fun of symbols, ancient myths, legends, astrology and easternEuropean culture.

In his unconscious dream theories, Juanbelieved in the main components of human psyche which were ego andboth personal and collective unconscious (McLeod, 2014). Ego islargely conscious and comprises of the thoughts and emotions thatpeople percieve. The unconscious part makes the personality of aperson in that it reflects the temporal forgotten and repressedmemories, regarded as personal unconscious, and the shared memoriesof ancestors and other human species, regarded as collectiveunconsciousness (Crowley, 2000). Such shared unconscious can beattributed to the universal predispositions that human beings havesuch as fear of dark, spiders and snakes showing an evolutionaryimprint to our innate features.

Juan combined these two unconscious parts intothe individualization theory. In this theory he proposed that twoopposites can be combined but keeping their autonomy intact such asconscious and unconscious (Arild, 2014). The two unconscious parts,personal and collective, could be transformed into consciousnessthrough dreams and active imagination or free association to formpart of the whole personality of an individual. Suchindividualization promotes physical and mental wellbeing as well ascreating persons who are responsible and mature enough (Arild, 2014).Juan also popularized the archetypes which are the thoughts withtranscultural meaning and may make part of human dreams andliterature and art.


Arild, Sigurd (2014). 5 Basic Facts about Jungand Types. Celebrity Types. Celebrity Types International. p. 1.Retrieved 9 June 2015.

Crowley, Vivianne (2000). Jung: A Journey ofTransformation: Exploring His Life and Experiencing His Ideas.Wheaton Illinois: Quest Books.

McLeod, S. A. (2014). Carl Jung. Retrieved