Cardiovascular and Neurologic Condition

Cardiovascularand Neurologic Condition

Cardiovascularand Neurologic Condition

Review and Analysis of Patient Information

A lipid profile is conducted on a patient to measure the levels of“good” or “bad” cholesterol and the triglycerides in theirblood. The patient was subjected to the lipid profile test todetermine the overall quantity of cholesterol in her system. Thedecision follows after she was determined to be overweight (Keaney,Curfman, &amp Jarcho, 2013). The total cholesterol measurements ofthe patient are high compared to the acceptable limits of less than200mg/dL. The LDL measurements for the 48-year-old female are alsohigher than the accepted level of between 70-130 mg/dL. Further, theHDL measurements of 30 are lower than the accepted levels of 40-60mg/dL. Finally, the patient has a high content of triglyceridescompared to the recommended levels of 10-150 mg/dL (Varbo, Benn, &ampNordestgaard, 2014).

DifferentialDiagnosis for the Patient

The probable differential diagnosis could be the presence of heartdisease. The rationale for such reasoning emanates from the fact thatheart disease can be caused by the inability of the organ to pumpblood efficiently to the rest of the body (Wang, Dong, Qi, Huang, &ampHou, 2013).

MostLikely Diagnosis

The most likely diagnosis for the 48-year-old female isatherosclerosis. The measurements indicate an accumulation of fatthat affects the normal circulation of blood. Atherosclerosis isdefined by an increase in fat content in one’s body system. Thefats are in the form of plaques that build up in the arteriesresulting in their narrowing.

Treatmentand Management Plan for the Patient

The high cholesterol level can be reduced by a change of lifestyleand use of medication (Ohlsson, 2010). The 48-year-old patient canresort to intake of a balanced diet including a variety ofvegetables, lean sources of protein and low-fat dairy products. Thepatient can as well take medications like statins at a dosage of 5 to40 milligrams once a day to monitor cholesterol levels.

Strategiesto Educate Patient

The patient can enroll in an awareness program to learn how toobserve a healthy lifestyle. It would help the 48-year-old patientovercome the condition.

References

Keaney, J. F.,Curfman, G. D., &amp Jarcho, J. a. (2013). A Pragmatic View of theNew Cholesterol 

TreatmentGuidelines. The New England Journal of Medicine, 1–4.

http://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMms1314569

Ohlsson, L. (2010). Dairy products and plasma cholesterol levels.Food &amp Nutrition Research, 54, 1–9.http://doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v54i0.5124

Varbo, A., Benn, M., &amp Nordestgaard, B. G. (2014). Remnantcholesterol as a cause of ischemic heart disease: Evidence,definition, measurement, atherogenicity, high risk patients, andpresent and future treatment. Pharmacology and Therapeutics.http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pharmthera.2013.11.008

Wang, X., Dong, Y., Qi, X., Huang, C., &amp Hou, L. (2013).Cholesterol levels and risk of hemorrhagic stroke: a systematicreview and meta-analysis. Stroke a Journal of CerebralCirculation, 44(7), 1833–9.http://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.001326