ACS Critical Thinking

ACS CRITICAL THINKING 4

ACSCritical Thinking

ACSCritical Thinking

TheAmerican Cancer Society (ACS), is equipped with an extensive array ofservices and programs that help people with cancer, their familiesand loved ones through the cancer process. Through ACS (2016), peopleliving with cancer and their affiliates understand and manage thedisease from treatment to recovery. Support groups for patients areavailable as well as education and information centers. Additionally,the society also provides emotional support which is vital for a highquality of life for cancer patients (American Cancer Society, 2016).

Giventhe vast services available, it is important to pinpoint the programsthat are most relevant to the patient. One of the services I wouldrecommend is the National Cancer Information Center. The center hastrained specialists with information on different aspects of cancer,including what to expect and how to manage the symptoms and sideeffects. Also, the center offers up to date information emerging fromthe latest cancer research results. In addition, I would recommendthat they use the patient lodging programs whose services help cancerpatients. In order to get the medical treatment, patients sometimeshave to travel. The program provides extra financial and emotionalsupport for the patient and their caregivers (American CancerSociety, 2016).

ACS(2016), has reported that cancer cases are increasing in incidenceand mortality. Several factors contribute to this including socialand built environments, lifestyle choices and exposure tocarcinogens. The social environment represents the conditions withinwhich individuals live and work. A good environment fosters gooddecisions regarding having a healthy lifestyle while a bad onefacilitates unhealthy choices such as tobacco (CDC, 2014). The builtenvironment represents physical objects around the individual. Aplace with more sidewalks, playgrounds and parks will encourage morephysical activity and exercise. Without these, people are likely tolead a sedentary lifestyle which is a risk for the development ofcancer.

However,the individuals also have to be made aware of the importance ofphysical activity. An additional contributing factor is exposure tocarcinogens which cause cancer. More people live near areas wherethey are exposed to carcinogens such as chemical factories, coalmines, foundries and smelters. Members of ethnic and racialminorities are in higher numbers around these areas. Other than that,lifestyle choices such as what to eat and how to live also affectincidences and mortality. According to the CDC (2014), ScientificAmerica made the observation that cancer is at a higher incidenceamong populations consuming diets rich in meat, fatty foods and lessvegetable, grain and fruit.

Consequently,a prevention oriented approach should be used to modify thereactionary approach used in policies. Although the resultingpolicies may not be applicable to all situations, they should be theframework of cancer prevention strategies (CDC, 2014). The emphasisof policies should be on primary prevention and, further preventingmortality rates in cancer patients. In addition, research agendasshould be evaluated and modified based on these policies. Policiesshould also focus on eliminating risk factors based on sound researchdata.

TheBehavioral Research Center established in 1995 is an intramuralprogram facilitated by the ACS (2016), that conducts research onbehavioral issues related to cancer incidences, disparities andmortality. The program investigates and explores behavioral aspectsmeant to modify cancer risk behaviors, improve cancer outcomes forpatients and the quality of life among survivors. In addition, theprogram researches on the best practices for caregivers and thesociety as well.

References

AmericanCancer Society. (2016). FindSupport Programs and Services in your Area.Retrieved

fromhttp://www.cancer.org/treatment/supportprogramsservices/index?sitearea=

CDC.(2014). Factorsthat Contribute to Health Disparities in Cancer.Centers for Disease

Controland Prevention. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/cancer/healthdisparities/basic_info/challenges.htm