Anyincidences involving accidents regardless of their impact or sizesought to be subjected to a thorough investigation so that the rootcause of such unfortunate happening can be established for moreappropriate measures to be taken to avoid any future recurrence.Also, a comprehensive investigation is very crucial in the sense thatit will help people learn some of the factors which contributed tothe accident and be more vigilant to reduce the number of causalitiesin the case of another accident (Abudayyeh,Fredericks, Butt & Shaar, 2006). Therefore, as a safety director for the construction management firminvolved in the building of high-rise condominium project, 14 storieshigh, I had the obligation of carrying out a conclusive investigation whereby two journeyman electricians who were hit bysheet rock debris. The investigation process entails four mainapproaches as discussed in this study.
1.Preserve/ Document the scene
Thisthe first and one of the most crucial steps in conducting asuccessive and comprehensive accident investigation. Immediatelyafter the accident, I had to preserve the scene and ensure that thesite of the accident is not accessed by the contractor workers or themembers of the public before the investigations are concluded.Preserving the scene is essential to avoid any alteration or removalof material evidence thus enhancing the quality and credibility ofthe end results (Goetsch,2011).In carrying out these investigations, a guide for employer’sinvestigation form should be used. Apart from that, I also had to dodocumentation of the incident facts. I, as the safety directorconducted the investigations on 24th July the year 2016. The twoelectricians’ names were John and Peter respectively. Both of themwere permanent employees and they have been working for theconstruction company as electricians for the past six years.
Afterpreserving and documenting the necessary details about the scene, Iembarked on collecting all the necessary information related to theaccident. It is also important to note that the information collectedwas through interviews with the drywall contractors as well as withthe two electricians who were the victims of the accident. Apart fromthe interviews, I collected other crucial information from theindustry’s guidance documents, equipment manuals and the variousenforcement procedures, the policies, and records of the ConstructionCompany, maintenance schedules, records, and logs. In addition, Ialso had to look at the company’s training records, to what extenthas it committed itself in training the employees, communicating withthem the basic safety measures and some of the precautions to take inorder to avoid or minimize the severity of an accident (Abudayyeh,et al 2006).Besides, I collected other critical information from the company’saudit and follow up reports as well as some of the recommendations orcorrective measures taken in previous accidents.
3.Determine the root causes
Fromthe investigation, I established that the accident was caused bynegligence and carelessness on the part of the drywall contractorworkers. On top of that, the electricians did not have personalprotective equipment’s to cushion themselves against injuries thatmight be caused by any falling objects (Goetsch,2011). Theincident happened when the employees were installing sheet rock onthe 11th floor and the rock debris fall on the two electricians whowere on the 1oth floor trying electrical panel boards. However, oneof the electricians sustained minor cuts and was treated at the sitewhile the other had a serious head injury and was rushed to hospitalby EMS.
4.Implement corrective actions
Therefore,to avoid any future accidents, there is a need for the company incoordination with its employees to take necessary precautionarymeasures and implement them as expected. To begin with, it is verycritical for the construction company to provide sufficient trainingto all its employees as far as the precautionary measures whichshould be taken at any given time is concerned. The employees shouldbe very careful in the manner in which they handle debris or anyother objects which might fall and cause injuries or even death tothe victims. The employees should always be very cautious with anywaste materials or debris and dispose them as expected. Forinstance, according to the investigation, the accident was caused bythe negligence of the drywall contractors (Chi& Han, 2013).Theaccident would have been prevented if they were to take precautionarymeasures in advance by disposing of the sheet rock debrisappropriately. Further, that also includes their movements and themanner in which they coordinate with one another while constructingto avoid injuring themselves. Equally important, employees have toembrace the habit of putting on personal protective equipment tominimize the severity of the accidents. The company has to emphasizeon this and prevent any employees without their protective equipmentfrom resuming their duties. This will play a significant role inensuring that the employees are safe and protected in case of anaccident hence substantially reducing the number of causalities orinjuries sustained from these accidents. More importantly, theconstruction companies should ensure that the buildings meet thestandards set out by the respective authorities to minimizeincidences where building collapse causing severe consequences suchas death (Chi& Han, 2013).
Abudayyeh,O., Fredericks, T. K., Butt, S. E., & Shaar, A. (2006). Aninvestigation of management’s commitment to constructionsafety.InternationalJournal of Project Management, 24(2),167-174.
Chi,S., & Han, S. (2013). Analyses of systems theory for constructionaccident prevention with specific reference to OSHA accidentreports.InternationalJournal of Project Management, 31(7),1027-1041.
Goetsch,D. L. (2011). Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists,Engineers, and.