AbortionLacks Moral Justification Needed to Legalize the Services
Abortion,also known as termination of pregnancy, may be required in somesituations necessitated by either personal circumstances or medicalreasons. However, the controversial issue has caused a political,public, and moral divide. Some argue that abortion should not belegalized, while others feel that the practice should be lawful andeasily accessible to all women. Statistics show that one in threewomen will experience an induced abortion in her lifetime (Haney 62). Nevertheless, research and opinion polls show that the majority ofpeople recommends that the practice should remain legal only undercertain circumstances (Naden 16). In some American states, abortionis allowed since people are of the opinion that procuring an abortionin the early stages of the pregnancy cannot be considered as murder. Abortionservices should not be legalized because they deny the fetus itsinalienable right to life, causes the death of mothers, and it willencourage irresponsible individuals to use it as a contraceptivemethod.
Abortioncan never be justified because it is morally wrong, and involvestaking the life of innocent unborn babies intentionally. The pro-lifeadvocates strongly oppose pregnancy termination and believe that thecurrent laws should declare the practice illegal. They assert thatabortion poses a threat to the life values and morals. Therefore, itslegalization will be a violation of human rights, and it will send amessage to the society that human life is of little value (Kegode214).
Besides,the practice has been associated with different health risks andcomplications that can jeopardize the chances of a woman bearingchildren in the future. In fact, some women die while procuring theservice. Moreover, the resulting psychological damage can make somewomen to commit suicide. In short, legitimizing abortion will onlyincrease its use as a substitute for contraception as most womenconceive due to carelessness (Naden 7).
Onthe other hand, the pro-choice public holds a strong conviction inthe constitutional rights for women to have control over theirbodies. The proponents contend the women’s rights should not belimited to any religious or governmental authority. They promoteobtaining an abortion through qualified doctors. According to them,legalization of abortion is imperative and will help in reducing thedangerous backstreet operations that lead to future complications,and even death. They argue that making the practice illegal will onlypush pregnant women to unsafe, illegal abortions (Haney 62).Nevertheless, the argument does not hold because the Americanconstitution enshrines the right of taking the life of another humanas an inalienable right that should not be contravened under anycircumstances. Allowing women to abort would, therefore, involvedenying the unborn fetuses their inalienable right to life (Kegode214).
Additionally,the proponents of abortion argue that it should be allowed in caseswhere the fetus may be having severe disorders that can cause theirdeath, before or shortly after birth. For example, anencephaly is amedical condition where the brain of a fetus is missing, and otherorgans develop outside the body. They argue that forcing women tocarry the fetus to term would be cruel (Naden 16). However, theargument cannot hold because the medical instruments are not 100%accurate, and there is treatment interventions that can be used tosave the situation. Currently, the medical industry has inventedhigh-end technology that can be used to either treat or controlcomplex medical conditions.
Inlight of this information, abortion should not be acceptable at anyinstance. The cutting edge medical technology provides treatmentsolution for most of the complications associated with pregnancyhence, the intervention methods can save both the mother and theunborn babies. Pro-abortionists claim that pregnancy terminationshould be permissible when one conceives through nonconsensual coitussuch as rape. Nevertheless, abortion results in trauma, whichexacerbates the rape ordeal. Moreover, it denies the fetus a right tolife, which is an unchallengeable right for all the humans. Althoughsome people argue that terminating a fetus in its early stages cannotcount as murder, the major faiths such as Christianity and Islam,contend that life begins once an ovum is fertilized.
Haney,Johannah. TheAbortion Debate: Understanding the Issues.Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2009. Print.
Kegode,George. Abortionand Morality Debate in the African Context: A Philosophical Enquiry.Eldoret, Kenya: Zapf Chancery, 2010. Print.
Naden,Corinne J. Abortion.New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2007. Print.