ARouse for Emily, by William Faulkner, was published in 1930. Thestory is about the life of Miss Emily Grierson, and it reveals theconsequence of the common change on a person. The story is organizedinto five sections (Mohammadi, and Nasseri 2) and it creates tensionin the first place because of no chronological order. A Rose forEmily evokes the terms of Southern mediaeval and monstrous inwhich the clear tone is one of the distorted reality, horror, andunderstated violence. This paper analyses William Faulkner shortstory, and attempts to show how typical thestory is.
Lookingat the short story, most of it is centered towards Miss EmilyGrierson, who the narrators describe to be an aristocratic woman thatis profoundly looked up to by a society that places her on a plinthand sees her as “a tradition, a duty” something sort ofhereditary obligation in town as noted by Mohammadi and Nasseri (2).However, now that she is dead, she has joined the representatives ofthose august names where they lay among the Unions and Confederatesoldiers who passed away during the war of Jefferson. The narratortelling this story is unnamed and is assumed to be one of thetownspeople. The theme of traditional change is quite pronouncing inthe first line. However, petite of Miss Emily is accounted, it verystraight that she represents an older and dying part of the South aswell as Jefferson. In line with the community view, it is quite clearthat Miss Emily is a woman who not only poisons and kills his lover,Homer Barron, but also keeps the rotting body and sleeps next to itfor several years. Therefore, in this case, the contrast between thearistocratic woman and her secrets constitutes the cornerstone of thestory.
Farfrom just describing the theme of change taking place in the South,Faulkner goes further to make a statement about this change. MissEmily Grierson, as a representative of the South, passed on and donot get replaced by members of the ‘New South.’ After her death,she is depicted as a dilapidating figure that is cohering to the pastin a delusional manner. Miss Emily house, which once was white, isthe only house left on the block and had become an eyesore among theeyesores and at the moment of the visit by delegation, Miss Emily isunder that fantasy that Colonel is still alive. Even though herphysical dimension echoes this sense of decay and dilapidation.
Song(2292), analyses in a perspective oftransitivity process and attempts to bring the close symbolism ofpresent Miss Emily`s image of anti-tradition and pursuing love aswell as people`s feelings to Emily. The story opens by a material andrelational process. For instance, in the first stanza, When MissEmily Grierson died, our whole town went to her funeral (Marotous1). The first part of the clause is a material process, and the mainactor is Miss Emily, which is said to be a polite and formaladdressing and tells the reader what is happening at the commencingof the story. On the other hand, ‘our town` to represent arelational process. Miss Emily is an heir of a once great familywhose social standing is enough to prevent her from paying taxes. Inthis case, ‘our whole town` tells the reader how Miss Emily is anoble or famous person and is respected by all the individuals inthat city (Song 2292). This shows how Faulkner describes the classand racial division.
Faulkneruses flashback and foreshadowing as stylistic strategies as noted byTezcan 365. The author uses these two literary devices to createanomalous effects. For instance, Tezcan (365) asserts that flashbackis actions that took place before the present time the narrationfollows while foreshadowing is used to create the expectation whichhas not yet happened. In , the story is toldby unnamed narrator following non-sequential flashback. The narratorflashes back and forth through in the life events of Miss EmilyGrierson. Each piece the narrator describes prompts another part ofthe story without chronology. For example, the narrator remembersMiss Emily funeral that leads to him recalling when Colonel Sartorisexcused her of taxes (Newman 20).
The story, on the other hand, foreshadows the grisly discovery in thelast chapters. In the first place, when the alderman tries to collectEmily`s taxes, her house is described as decrepit, almost amausoleum. Miss Emily is also described as a drowned corpse. Insection two, the stench that gives forth from Miss Emily house ismost certainly one that represents death (Newman 21).
According to Li 78, symbolism gives a common story the chance to befiled with profound significances. Faulkner has employed symbolism tobuild the reality in the story. To start with, Miss Emily`s house,like Emily herself, is a monument of the remaining allegory of thedying world of the southern aristocracy. For some reason, the househas seemed like an extension of Emily that holds its obstinate andflirtatious decay, to the residents. Emily’s house also representsalienation, death, and mental illness (Li 78). As the owner, thehouse is an object of captivation for them. They contrive their luridallusions and interpretations onto the collapsing building, andmysterious compute inside. And the only chance for the town residentsto get access to this prohibited realm and confirms their wildestfeeling or belief and most scandalmongering about what has happenedon the inside is the death Miss Emily Grierson.
Secondly, the strand of hair in the story reminds us of the love lostand the often perverse thing that a person does in search ofhappiness. Similarly, it symbolizes the inner life of a woman who,contempt of her eccentricities, she is committed to living her lifeon her terms and not just presenting her behaviors for other toapprove. Faulkner also uses a rose to symbolize love in the story.Similarly, the story itself, rose flower symbolizes Miss Emily’slife in the sense that she has experienced torment through her wholelife. As much as she encountered happiness and love, all these arelike roses, which with time withers and fades ways 78.
Considering flat and round character in the story, Miss Emily willnaturally belong to the letter class. Round characters are describedby Fang 106 to be dynamic and changing. In the story, the changehappens within someone observing the action. In the case of Emily,she is more involved than the reader might have believed. This makesthe story to leave the reader with a mystery of puzzlement of humanbehavior.
Inthe final section, renders the story with agothic-like twist that has been suggested from the previous story ofthe part. In this story, Faulkner gives the reader clues relied uponso that the reader cannot identify them as clues. For instance, thereader accepts Homer Barron’s disappearance without linking topoison or bad smells. It is also true that we cannot believe MissEmily the murdering kind, in spite of the fact that she is consideredas eccentric and twisted in mind.
Similarly, the conclusion of the story also attempts to answer allthe questions that the town has ever had all the years. WilliamFaulkner, in a special way forces the reader to re-examine thenarration from the very start for the continual hints of Barron’sdestiny that he offers. For example, Faulkner describes Miss Emily byher "skeleton" chapter I "the smell" in ChapterII "the arsenic appears" in Chapter III and in section IVthe notion of, "the last we saw of Homer Barron." These areplaced with the narrator`s reminiscence of the dispersing of time(Ahmadian, & Leyli 219). Faulkner does not only rely onconservative linear approach, but also to present his character’sinternal emotions, attributes, and lives. Instead, he changes andmanipulates time and elongates the story out over several decades,220. We learn about Emily’s life through flashback and at the endof the story, the funeral can be said to be an analepsis. Each ofthese instants in the story gains bigger relevance with the closing.
In conclusion, Faulkner attempts to provide in various ways, theexternal events and details in the story that probe the inner livesof individuals who tries to deal with the problem of a society indecline and change. His unique techniques of psychological reality,the nature of time, social structure and more of the southerncommunity, and the relation of the past to present describes theinfinite variety of female’s complexity psyche (Fang 107).
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